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Abnormal Psychology in a Changing World 9th Edition Nevid Rathus Greene Test Bank

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Abnormal Psychology in a Changing World 9th Edition Nevid Rathus Greene Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0205961719

ISBN-10: 0205961711

 

Description

Abnormal Psychology in a Changing World 9th Edition Nevid Rathus Greene Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0205961719

ISBN-10: 0205961711

 

 

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9

Eating Disorders and Sleep-Wake Disorders

 

Multiple-Choice Questions

 

  1. Which person is most likely to develop an eating disorder?
  2.       a 28-year-old female corporate attorney
  3.           a 16-year-old high school male cheerleader
  4.           an 18-year-old female who just entered college
  5.           a 21-year-old male member of a heavy metal band

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 335

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Applied

 

  1. An eating disorder characterized by abnormally low weight and an intense fear of gaining

weight is ______.

  1.         binge-eating disorder                                                                          c.             anorexia nervosa
  2. identity disorder                                                                                   d.             bulimia nervosa

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 335

Topic: Eating Disorders (Table 9.1)

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. An eating disorder characterized by recurrent binge eating followed by self-induced

purging is ______.

  1. binge-eating disorder                                                                          c.             anorexia nervosa
  2. identity disorder                                                                                   d.             bulimia nervosa

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 1                                    Page: 335

Topic: Eating Disorders (Table 9.1)

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A(n) ______ is a psychological disorder characterized by disturbed patterns of eating and

maladaptive ways of controlling weight.

  1. addiction                                                                                                               c.             amenorrhea
  2. eating disorder                                                                                      d.             hypermenorrhea

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                    Page: 335

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Eating disorders are often accompanied by the following disorders EXCEPT ______.
  2. schizophrenia                                                                                               c.     anxiety disorders
  3. depression                                                                                                    d.     substance abuse disorders

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 335

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. There are ______ major types of eating disorders.
  2. two                                                                                                                                         c.             six
  3. four                                                                                                                                        d.             eight

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 1                                    Page: 335

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa usually begin in ______.
  2. childhood                                                                                                              c.             young adulthood
  3. adolescence                                                                                                  d.             middle adulthood

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                    Page: 336

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following people is most likely to develop bulimia nervosa?
  2. an adolescent male                                                                              c.             an adult male
  3. an adolescent female                                                                          d.             an adult female

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                    Page: 336

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. About ______ percent of females in the United States develop anorexia nervosa.
  2. 1                                                                                                                                              c.             10
  3. 5                                                                                                                                              d.             20

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 3                                    Page: 336

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Between ______ percent of females in the United States develop bulimia nervosa.
  2. .1 and .3                                                                                                                 c.             5 and 10
  3. 1 and 3                                                                                                                   d.             10 and 15

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 336

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. About ______ in 1,000 males in the United States develop anorexia nervosa.
  2. 1                                                                                                                                              c.             5
  3. 3                                                                                                                                              d.             7

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 336                              Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

 

  1. Anorexia nervosa is ______ common among men than women. Bulimia nervosa is ______ common

among men than women.

  1. less, less                                                                                                                 c.             more, less
  2. less, more                                                                                                              d.             more, more

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 1                                    Page: 336

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Felicia has an intense fear of being overweight. She also has a distorted body image in which

she sees herself as “fat” despite the fact that her physician says she underweight

for her height, age, and bone structure. She exercises excessively and still diets despite being

15 pounds lighter than her original dieting goal. She is suffering from ______.

  1. amenorrhea                                                                                                          c.             anorexia nervosa
  2. bulimia nervosa                                                                                   d.             cytomegalovirus

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 335-337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Fear of gaining weight and a distorted self-image are characteristic of ______.
  2. anorexia nervosa                                                                                 c.             binge-eating disorder
  3. bulimia nervosa                                                                                   d.             binge-purge disorder

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 1                                    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. In the case of anorexia nervosa in the text, Karen spent hours a day ______.
  2.                             speaking on the cell phone to her therapist in another city
  3.             preparing gourmet meals for her family
  4.              thinking about cutting her arm
  5.             trying to figure out ways to attract a certain guy

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 336

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Applied

 

  1. In the case of anorexia nervosa in the text, Karen wore ______.
  2.              gaudy earrings and hats to distract people from looking at her figure
  3.             skimpy outfits to show off her slimness
  4.              padded bras to compensate for her small breasts
  5.             baggy clothes to hide her body

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 336

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Anorexia nervosa develops most commonly between the ages of ______.
  2. 6 and 12                                                                                                                c.             18 and 24
  3. 12 and 18                                                                                                              d.             24 and 30

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 336

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A frequent observation is that girls with anorexia nervosa use ______ in addition to dieting to control their

weights.

  1. excessive exercise                                    c.   meals rich with fruit and vegetables
  2. amphetamines                                          d.   positive imagery of their ideal figures

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 1                                    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which activity has been associated with higher rates of anorexia among its participants for developing anorexia nervosa?
  2. attending college                                                                                  c.             instrumental music
  3. modeling                                                                                                               d.             singing

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The decreased food consumption noted with anorexia can lead to_________.
  2.            overproductive oil glands and acne
  3.           increased thirst
  4.            obstruction or paralysis of the bowels or intestines
  5. testosterone increases in females resulting in facial hair growth.

 

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following is true regarding anorexia nervosa?
  2. Young girls with anorexia nervosa starve themselves in an attempt to look more masculine.
  3. Women with anorexia nervosa have little difficulty adjusting to college life and living independently.
  4. People with anorexia nervosa see themselves as “too fat” despite having dangerously low body

weight.

  1.   People with anorexia nervosa eat very little because they have lost their appetite for food.

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 336

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The rate of suicide attempts in young women with anorexia nervosa is _____that of

young women in the general population.

  1. about the same as
  2. much lower than
  3. much higher than
  4. difficult to determine when compared to

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 338

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Binge-eating/purging type and restrictive type are two classifications of ______.
  2. bulimia nervosa                                                                                   c.             binge-eating disorder
  3. anorexia nervosa                                                                                 d.             binge-purge disorder

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. There are ______ general subtypes of anorexia nervosa.
  2. two                                                                                                                                         c.             six
  3. four                                                                                                                                        d.             eight

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Annette suffers from recurrent episodes of gorging on large quantities of food followed by

purging through self-induced vomiting in order to prevent gaining weight. Although her

weight is well below normal to the point that others see her as “skin and bones,” she worries

excessively about being fat. She also has impulse control problems in other areas of her life.

She is suffering from ______.

  1. binge-eating/purging anorexia                                          c.             bulimia nervosa
  2. restrictive anorexia                                                                             d.             binge-eating disorder

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 3                                    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Lois has an intense fear of being overweight. Although she talks a lot about food, she hardly

eats at all. She also has a distorted body image in which she sees herself as “fat” despite the

fact that her physician says she is 20% underweight for her height, age, and bone structure.

She exercises excessively and still rigidly and obsessively diets despite being 15 pounds

lighter than her original dieting goal. She is suffering from ______.

  1. binge-eating/purging anorexia          nervosa                  c.             bulimia nervosa
  2. restrictive anorexia nervosa                                                              d.             binge-eating disorder

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Which of the following characteristics are noted in people with the eating/purging type of anorexia nervosa?
  2.           a consistently cautious, conservative lifestyle
  3.             careful control of eating
  4. obsessively controlled appearance
  5.           substance abuse and/or stealing

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 3                                    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. People with anorexia nervosa may lose as much as ______ percent of their original weight.
  2. 25                                                                                                                                           c.             45
  3. 35                                                                                                                                           d.             55

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The absence or suppression of menstruation is called ______.
  2. dysmenorrhea                                                                                      c.             hypermenorrhea
  3. hypomenorrhea                                                                                   d.             amenorrhea

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. All of the following are medical complications that can result from anorexia nervosa EXCEPT

                                ______.

  1. osteoporosis                                                                                                          c.             amenorrhea
  2. high blood pressure                                                                             d.             heart irregularities

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Amenorrhea refers to the ______, which is a symptom of anorexia.
  2. absence or suppression of menstruation         c.             fine, downy hair
  3. yellow coloring                                                                                    d.             brittle bones

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 1                                    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. You meet a slender girl with a yellow hue to her rather dry, cracking skin; she has fine,

downy hair.  With this appearance, you suspect that she may have ______.

  1. anorexia nervosa                                                                                         c.  binge eating disorder
  2. bulimia nervosa                                                                                           d.  ulcers

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 1                                    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Bous, the Greek word which is the root for bulimia, means ______.
  2.                        hunger                                                                                                                    c.             gigantic
  3.                       ox                                                                                                                                           d.            nerves

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 338

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Diane suffers from recurrent episodes of gorging on large quantities of food followed by

purging through self-induced vomiting in order to prevent gaining weight. Although her

weight is normal, and her ideal weight is relatively normal, she worries excessively about

looking or becoming fat. She is suffering from ______.

  1. amenorrhea                                                                                                          c.             bulimia nervosa
  2. anorexia nervosa                                                                                 d.             cytomegalovirus

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 338

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Hayley suffers from recurrent episodes of gorging on large quantities of food followed by

purging through self-induced vomiting in order to prevent gaining weight. Although her

weight is normal, and her ideal weight is relatively normal, she worries excessively about

looking or becoming fat. She is suffering from ______.

  1. binge-eating/purging anorexia                                          c.             bulimia nervosa
  2. restrictive anorexia                                                                             d.             binge-eating disorder

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 338

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Applied

 

  1. The average age of onset for bulimia nervosa is the ______.
  2. childhood to preteens                                                                          c.             late adolescence to early adulthood
  3. early to mid-teens                                                                                d.             early adulthood to mid-adulthood.

 

ANSWER: C

Diff:2                                     Page: 339

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following is one of the DSM diagnostic criteria for bulimia nervosa?
  2. Emphasis on a healthy appearing body.
  3. Regular purging by means of laxatives, fasting, self-induced vomiting, or strenuous

exercise.

  1. In females, the absence of three or more consecutive menstrual periods.
  2. Nonchalance about weight and body appearance.

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 338

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The available evidence shows ______.
  2. poor  women are most likely to develop eating disorders
  3. middle-class women are most likely to develop eating disorders
  4. upper-class women are most likely to develop eating disorders
  5. no strong linkage between socioeconomic status and eating disorders

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 339

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following is a medical complication related to bulimia nervosa?
  2. diabetes                                                                                                                 c.             damage to vision
  3. disturbed menstrual function                                            d.             increased sensitivity to vomit

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 339

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The available evidence shows ______between socioeconomic status and eating disorders.
  2.            a strong  relationship

.               b.            no strong linkage

  1.            inconclusive evidence
  2.           that when ethnicity is also considered, there is a strong relationship

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                    Page: 339

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A person with bulimia nervosa who repeatedly vomits or abuses laxatives and diuretics

puts themselves at risk for ______.

  1. diabetes                                                                                                                 c.             cancer
  2. sudden death                                                                                                        d.             ulcers

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 339

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Repeated vomiting or abuse of laxatives can lead to____________.
  2.            excessive iron in the blood
  3.           a potassium deficiency
  4.            acne
  5.           vitamin B deficiency

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 339

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Probably the most important factors in the development of eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa

and bulimia nervosa are ______.

  1. genetic factors that predispose many women to these disorders
  2. social pressures and expectancies placed on young women to base their self-worth on their appearance
  3. personal efforts to overcome real problems with eating too much and getting fat
  4. improperly learned eating behaviors during infancy and early childhood

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                    Page: 339

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Among college women, 1 in ______ were found to feel embarrassed when buying a single

chocolate bar.

  1. 3                                                                                                                                      c.     7
  2. 5                                                                                                                                      d.     9

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 3                                    Page: 340

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Girls as young as ______ express more dissatisfaction with their bodies than do boys.
  2. 8                                                                                                                                       c.    11
  3. 10                                                                                                                                     d.    12

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 3                                    Page: 340

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A standard measure of overweight and obesity that takes both body weight and height into

account is the _____.

  1. WAIS                                                                                                                     c.             WISC
  2. BMI                                                                                                                       d.             BMW

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                    Page: 340

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The BMI takes ______ into account.
  2. only weight                                                                                                           c.             weight and height
  3. only weight and age                                                                            d.             weight and lifestyle

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 3                                    Page: 340

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. ______ out of five young women in the United States have gone on a diet by the time they

reach their 18th birthdays.

  1. One                                                                                                                                         c.             Three
  2. Two                                                                                                                        d.             Four

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 340

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1.      A study of the mass body index of ______  between 1920 and 1990 shows a clear trend

towards the idealization of thinness in women.

  1.            winners of the Oscar for best actress
  2. winners of the Olympic gold medal in diving
  3.           first ladies of the United States
  4.           Miss America pageant winners

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 1                                    Page: 340

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Women with bulimia tend to be ______.
  2. shy and have few close friends                                         c.             outgoing, but have few close friends
  3. shy but have several close friends                    d.             outgoing and have many close friends

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 341

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1.      Women with bulimia nervosa are more likely than other women to have experienced ______.
  2.         date or acquaintance rape                                                  c.            abrupt weaning from the breast or bottle
  3.         sexual harassment                                                                               d.            childhood sexual or physical abuse

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 3                                    Page: 342

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true regarding women with bulimia nervosa?
  2. They have flexible attitudes.
  3. They never dieted prior to the onset of bulimia.
  4. They have “black and white” thinking.
  5. They were of normal weight prior to developing bulimia.

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 342-343

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Purging is ______ because it produces relief from anxiety over gaining weight.
  2. classically conditioned                                                       c.             modeled
  3. positively reinforced                                                                           d.             negatively reinforced

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 3                                    Page: 342

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. Women with bulimia nervosa tend to be both perfectionistic and ______ in their thinking patterns.
  2.         moderate                                                                                                               c.             conservative
  3.          dichotomous                                                                                                        d.            liberal

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 342-343

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. Psychodynamic theorists view anorexia nervosa as ______.
  2. a type of weight phobia
  3. the result of the daughter’s faulty identification with her mother
  4. an unconscious effort to remain a prepubescent child
  5. a method of punishing overprotective, smothering parents

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 343

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. Families of young women with eating disorders tend to be ______ supportive and nurturing

and _______ overprotective  than those of young women without eating disorders.

  1. less, less                                                                                                                 c.             more, less
  2. less, more                                                                                                              d.             more, more

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 343

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. Systems theorists view anorexia nervosa as ______.
  2. a type of weight phobia
  3. an effort to remain a prepubescent child
  4. a method used by the anorexic for diverting family attention away from marital tensions

and family conflict onto themselves

  1. a method for punishing overdemanding, manipulative parents

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 343

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1.       The text refers to an article, “______ and Fat as a Feminist Issue,” in discussing a

controversy about societal causes of eating disorders.

  1.            Princess Diana                                                                    c.  Barbie
  2. Mary Kate Olson                                                                                 d.  Britney Spears

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 344

Topic: Controversies in Abnormal Psychology: Should Barbie Be Banned?

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The Barbie doll was designed to fit an idealized ______ fantasy of the female form.
  2. childhood                                                                                                              c.             16th century
  3. feminine                                                                                                                d.             male

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 1                                    Page: 343

Topic: Controversies in Abnormal Psychology: Should Barbie Be Banned?

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Interest in the biological underpinnings of eating disorders, especially bulimia nervosa, has largely

focused on the role of the neurotransmitter ______.

  1. serotonin                                                                                                               c.             epinephrine
  2. dopamine                                                                                                              d.             acetylcholine

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 343

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Prozac and Zoloft appear to ______ episodes in patients with bulimia nervosa.
  2. decrease binge-eating                                                                          c.             decrease purging
  3. increase binge-eating                                                                          d.             increase purging

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 343

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Studies of twins have found ______ for a genetic component to anorexia nervosa and ______ for a

genetic component to bulimia nervosa.

  1. no evidence, no evidence                                                   c.             evidence, no support
  2. support, no evidence                                                                           d.             evidence, evidence

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 344

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The diathesis stress model views eating disorders as primarily ______.
  2. a type of weight phobia
  3. an effort to remain a prepubescent child
  4. genetically inherited tendencies that interact with family and social pressures
  5. a method of punishing parents for feelings of loneliness and alienation they experience in

the home

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 345

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. Emily is a college freshmen with anorexia nervosa whose weight has been dropping to dangerous, even life-threatening levels.

The treatment that Emily needs is ______.

  1.            cognitive behavioral                                                                           c.             interpersonal therapy
  2.           behavioral                                                                                                             d.            hospitalization

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 345

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.3

Skill: Applied

 

  1. The specific behavioral techniques widely used for successfully reducing episodes of self-induced vomiting in cases of bulimia nervosa are ______.
  2. exposure with response prevention
  3. chain-breaking and response cost
  4. negative reinforcement and cue-controlled relaxation
  5. systematic desensitization and response cost

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 3                                    Page: 345

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.3

Skill: Factual

 

  1.     ______ therapy is an alternative for treating bulimia when cognitive-behavioral treatment fails.
  2.         Psychoanalytic                                                                                    c.            Behavioral
  3.          Interpersonal                                                                                                        d.            Person-centered

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 345

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.3

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Antidepressant drugs such as Prozac have shown _______ results in treating bulimia nervosa and _______ results in treating anorexia nervosa
  2.         effective; effective                                                                              c.    mixed; effective
  3.          effective; mixed                                                                                   d.    mixed; mixed

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 345

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.3

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Obesity is classified as a ______.
  2. medical condition                                                                                                c.             sociocultural disorder
  3. psychological disorder                                                        d.             developmental disorder

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 346

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

 

  1. Obesity puts individuals at risk for which of the following?
  2. some forms of cancer                                                                         c.             liver disease
  3. Alzheimer’s Disease                                                                           d.             Grave’s Disease

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 3                                    Page: 346

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. About ______ percent of American adults are clinically obese.
  2. 10                                                                                                                                           c.             23
  3. 13                                                                                                                                           d.             33

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 3                                    Page: 346

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. About ______ of Americans are overweight.
  2. one-third                                                                                                                c.             two-thirds
  3. one-half                                                                                                                 d.             three-fourths

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 3                                    Page: 346

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. One in ______ American children and teens are either overweight or obese.
  2. two                                                                                                                                         c.             five
  3. three                                                                                                                       d.             seven

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 346

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Obesity accounts for an estimated ______ excess deaths in the United States each year.
  2. 160,000                                                                               c.             360,000
  3. 260,000                                                                                                d.             560,000

 

ANSWER: A

Diff:3                     Page: 346

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Experts estimate that obesity decreases a person life span by ______ years.
  2. 2-3                                                                                                                                          c.             10-12
  3. 6-7                                                                                                                                          d.             16-18

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 346

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Americans today average ______ more calories per day than 30 years ago.
  2. 175                                                                                                                                         c.             530
  3. 350                                                                                                                                         d.             680

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 3                                    Page: 346

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. According to the text, the key to preventing obesity is ______.
  2. avoiding carbohydrates
  3. matching energy expenditure with caloric intake
  4. keeping a daily weight chart
  5. avoiding fast food restaurants

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 346

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. As dieters lose large amounts of weight and attempt to keep it off, their bodies ______.
  2. stop burning calories
  3. burn fewer calories than their pre-diet rate
  4. continue to burn calories at their pre-diet rate
  5. burn more calories than their pre-diet rate

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. When you lose weight beyond a genetically determined set point, your body responds by

______.

  1. slowing down your metabolism                       c.             increasing your metabolism
  2. stabilizing your metabolism                                              d.             causing your metabolism to fluctuate

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The slowing of metabolism associated with dieting could be offset by ________.
  2.           using diet pills as a supplement                                        c.            a vigorous exercise program
  3.          periodic indulgences of desserts                       d.            multivitamins

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Fat cells are ______.
  2. corpulent cells                                                                                      c.             adipose tissue
  3. excess epidermal cells                                                                         d.             striated tissue

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Adipose tissue is comprised of cells that ______.
  2. burn fructose                                                                                                        c.             support the skeletal structure
  3. attack infectious agents                                                      d.             store fat

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 1                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The brain structure that signals when we are hungry is the ______.
  2. pituitary gland                                                                                      c.             hippocampus
  3. thalamus                                                                                                               d.             hypothalamus

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following is true about obesity?
  2. Obese people have about the same amount of adipose tissue than normal weight people.
  3. People with higher levels of adipose tissue feel hungry sooner than other people, even

with similar levels of food intake.

  1. Adipose tissue metabolizes food more rapidly than muscle tissue.
  2. Dieting eliminates large numbers of fat cells.

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A “big gulp” 64-ounce non-diet soft drink contains ______ calories.
  2. 400                                                                                                                                 c.   700
  3. 550                                                                                                                                 d.   800

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. After Santa Claus, the character recognized by most children is ______.
  2. Barbie                                                                                                                            c.   The Rock
  3. Ronald McDonald                                                                       d.   Big Bird

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. According to psychodynamic theory, obese people are fixated in the ______ stage.
  2. oral                                                                                                                                         c.             phallic
  3. anal                                                                                                                                        d.             genital

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 1                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. Psychodynamic theorists would expect orally fixated people to have specific conflicts

concerning ______.

  1.         endurance                                                                                                             c.             achievement
  2.         dreams                                                                                                                   d.            independence

 

ANSWER: D

Diff:2                                     Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. Overeating in orally fixated people would likely be triggered by ______.
  2. reminders of the Oedipus complex                  c.             stress
  3. sexual intercourse                                                                                d.            nightmares

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. Obesity is highest among people of ______ socioeconomic status.
  2. low                                                                                                                                          c.             upper middle
  3. middle                                                                                                                    d.             upper

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Albert weighs about forty percent more than his ideal body weight. He is most likely to be in

which socioeconomic group?

  1. upper class                                                                                                            c.             lower-middle class
  2. upper-middle class                                                                              d.             lower class

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Which of the following people is at highest risk of being obese?
  2. a wealthy African American male                   c.             a poor non-Hispanic White male
  3. a poor Native American female                       d.             a wealthy Hispanic female

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Which of the following people is at lowest risk of being obese?
  2. a poor African American male                                         c.             a wealthy non-Hispanic White male
  3. a poor Native American female                       d.             a wealthy Hispanic female

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 3                                    Page: 347

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true?
  2. Poorer people turn to religion to cope with the stress of living in the inner city.
  3. Poorer people exercise more regularly than more affluent people because they must walk everywhere they go.
  4. Poorer people have more access to information regarding health care but choose not to read it.
  5. Poorer people have less access to health care.

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 347-348

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. What is the prevalence of obesity in Japanese American men compared to men living in Japan?
  2.            equal
  3.           two to three times higher in Japanese Americans
  4.            two to three times higher in men living in Japan
  5.           only 1.5 times higher in men living in Japan if sumo wrestlers are excluded

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 348

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following groups of women show the lowest rates of obesity?
  2. non-Hispanic White women
  3. African American women
  4. Hispanic American women
  5. There are no differences in rates of obesity among non-Hispanic White women,

African American women, and Hispanic-American women.

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 348

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following groups of women show the highest rates of obesity?
  2. non-Hispanic White women
  3. African American women
  4. Hispanic American women
  5. There are no differences in rates of obesity among non-Hispanic White women,

African American women, and Hispanic-American women.

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 348

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. What is the percentage of people who regain weight they lose after dieting?
  2.           40                                                                                                                                           c.             70
  3.          50                                                                                                                                           d.            90

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 348

Topic: A Closer Look: Obesity:  A National Epidemic

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The therapeutic approach  MOST supported by research in treating bulimia nervosa is ______ therapy.
  2. traditional psychoanalysis                                                 c.             cognitive-behavioral
  3. family-ecological                                                                                 d.             sociocultural

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 348

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. People who have recurrent eating binges but do not purge most likely have ______.
  2. anorexia nervosa                                                                                 c.             binge-eating disorder
  3. bulimia nervosa                                                                                   d.             binge-purge eating disorder

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 349

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A person who has a binge-eating disorder may demonstrate which of the following?
  2. a history of unsuccessful attempts at losing weight
  3. a history of childhood sexual abuse
  4. evidence of binge-eating once a month
  5. a history of laxative abuse

 

ANSWER: A                        Diff: 2                                    Page: 349

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Binge-eating disorder is closely related to ______.
  2. being severely underweight                                               c.             obesity and severe obesity
  3. a history of binging and purging                       d.             hypochondriasis

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 349

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Phyllis is 28 years old. She is obese and describes herself as a “compulsive overeater.” She

has a history of depression and unsuccessful attempts at weight loss. While she has repeated

episodes of binge eating, she does not purge herself of the excess food afterwards. Her

symptoms sound most typical of someone with ______.

  1. binge-eating/purging anorexia                                          c.             bulimia nervosa
  2. restrictive anorexia                                                                             d.             binge-eating disorder

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 349

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Applied

 

  1. People with ______ are described as compulsive overeaters.
  2. anorexia nervosa                                                                                 c.             binge-eating disorder
  3. bulimia nervosa                                                                                   d.             binge-purging disorder

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 349

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Cognitive-behavioral techniques and ______ have been successful in treating binge-eating

disorder.

  1. antidepressants                                                                                    c.             humanistic therapy
  2. psychodynamic therapy                                                     d.             family therapy

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 349

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The DSM-5 uses use the term sleep-wake disorders instead of the earlier DSM diagnostic

term, sleep disorders, in order to underscore ____________.

  1. that sleep problems affect daytime alertness and functioning
  2. the problems identified in this classification occur during sleep or at the threshold between sleep and wakefulness
  3. the need to understand the balance of circadian rhythms
  4. how important good sleep is to psychological adjustment

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 351

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Andy went to a sleep center where he spent the night wired to devices that tracked his
    physiological (brain waves, heart and respiration rates) responses while he slept. The assessment Andy underwent is called a _______________.
  2.         polysomnographic (PSG) recording
  3.           an electroencephalocardiogram sleep study
  4.            a sleep stress assessment
  5. a delta wave assessment

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 351

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Polysomnographic recording is used to help diagnose ______.
  2. eating disorders                                                                                    c.             sleep disorders
  3. asthma                                                                                                                  d.             cardiovascular disorders

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 352

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following is a physiological response measure buy a polysomnographic recording?
  2. blood sugar levels                                                                                                c.             galvanic skin  response
  3. stomach acid production                                                                    d.             eye movements

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 1                                    Page: 352

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Sleep problems have a major economic impact, accounting for more than ________

sick days among the nation’s workers.

  1. 100 million
  2. 100, 000
  3. 250 million
  4. 500 million

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 351

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. People with ______ have difficulty falling asleep or remaining asleep, or achieving

restorative sleep.

  1. insomnia disorder                                                                                                c.             cataplexy
  2. narcolepsy                                                                                                            d.             primary hypersomnia

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 352

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A sleep disorder characterized by chronic or persistent insomnia, not caused by another

psychological or physical disorder or by the effects of drugs or medication, is ______.

  1. primary hypersomnia                                                                         c.             insomnia disorder
  2. circadian-rhythm sleep disorder                        d.             cataplexy

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 352

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. In terms of types of sleep problems, older people are more likely to complain of________ while younger people complain more about____________.
  2. waking frequently during the night; taking too long to get to sleep
  3. taking too long to get to sleep; waking frequently during the night
  4. aches and pains while they sleep; having too much wakeful energy at bedtime
  5. needing to go to the bathroom during the night; sleeping too long and too soundly

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 3                                    Page: 352

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The most commonly occurring sleep disorder is ______.
  2. hypersomnia                                                                                                        c.             narcolepsy
  3. sleep apnea                                                                                                          d.             insomnia disorder

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 352

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Insomnia disorder primarily affects ______.
  2. children                                                                                                                  c.             young adults
  3. adolescents                                                                                                           d.             people over 40

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 352

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Insomnia disorder applies to cases of ______.
  2. sporadic or occasional insomnia that last for no more than a few days at a time
  3. sporadic cases of occasional insomnia that recurs every few months
  4. persistent insomnia that can be accounted for by other psychological or physical

disorders, or the effects of medicine

  1. persistent insomnia that cannot be accounted for by other psychological or physical

disorders, or the effects of medicine

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 352

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The development of chronic insomnia is best explained by principles of ______.
  2. social learning                                                                                      c.             operant conditioning
  3. classical conditioning                                                                         d.             psychodynamic theory

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 353

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. A pattern of excessive sleepiness during the day that continues for a period of a month or

longer is called ______.

  1. sleep apnea                                                                                                          c.             cataplexy
  2. narcolepsy                                                                                                            d.             hypersomnolence disorder

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 353

Textbook LO: 9.6

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Skill: Factual

 

  1. “Sleep drunkenness” refers to ______.
  2. narcolepsy                                                                                                            d.             hypersomnolence disorder

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 353

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Hypersomnolence disorder afflicts between ______ of the population.
  2. 1–2%                                                                                                                     c.             5–10%
  3. 2–4%                                                                                                                     d.             15–20%

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 3                                    Page: 353

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A disorder in which people suddenly fall asleep without warning at various times during

the day is called ______.

  1. primary hypersomnia                                                                         c.             cataplexy
  2. apnea                                                                                                                     d.             narcolepsy

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 354

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. People typically sleep about ______ during a narcolepsy attack.
  2. 2 to 3 minutes                                                                                      c.             2 to 3 hours
  3. 15 minutes                                                                                                            d.             6 to 8 hours

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 354

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Narcolepsy is diagnosed when attacks occur for a period of ______ or longer.
  2. 3 months                                                                                                               c.             9 months
  3. 6 months                                                                                                               d.             12 months

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 3                                    Page: 354

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. People with narcolepsy go immediately into ______ sleep during a narcoleptic attack.
  2. stage 1                                                                                                                   c.             stage 4
  3. stage 2                                                                                                                   d.             REM sleep

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 1                                    Page: 354

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Cataplexy is a key feature of ______.
  2. primary hypersomnia                                                                         c.             narcolepsy
  3. primary insomnia                                                                                d.             apnea

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 354

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Cataplexy typically follows ______.
  2. periods of prolonged sleep                                                 c.             periods of intense concentration
  3. strong emotional reactions                                                d.             periods of deep relaxation

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 354

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A disorder involving a sudden loss of muscular control is called ______.
  2. sleep paralysis                                                                                      c.             cataplexy
  3. sleep apnea                                                                                                          d.             primary hypersomnia

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 354

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. People afflicted with narcolepsy often experience which of the following?
  2. high blood pressure                                                                                                             c.             sleep paralysis
  3. obstructive sleep apnea                                                                                     d.             auditory hallucinations

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 354

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Narcolepsy with cataplexy affects between ______ out of 10,000 people in the general population.
  2. 1 and 2                                                                                                                   c.             16 and 32
  3. 2 and 4                                                                                                                   d.             32 and 48

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 355

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Narcolepsy affects ______.
  2. men and women equally
  3. men more than women
  4. women more than men
  5. young men and older women more than older men and younger women

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 355

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following is true of narcolepsy?
  2. Narcoleptic attacks are preceded by an aura.
  3. Narcoleptics typically have a history of asthma or panic disorder.
  4. Household accidents resulting from falls are common in people who have narcolepsy.
  5. Narcolepsy is related to a lack of adequate sleep during the night.

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 355

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The common type of breathing-related sleep disorder is ______.
  2. narcolepsy                                                                                                            c.             primary hypersomnia
  3. obstructive sleep apnea                                                     d.             sleep paralysis

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 355

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A disorder involving complete or partial obstruction of breathing during sleep is ______.
  2. narcolepsy                                                                                                            c.             obstructive sleep apnea
  3. cataplexy                                                                                                              d.             hypersomnia

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 355

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following people is MOST likely to have obstructive sleep apnea?
  2. a 25-year-old male                                                                              c.             a 45-year-old male
  3. a 25-year-old female                                                                          d.             a 45-year-old female

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 355

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Which of the following people is MOST likely to have obstructive sleep apnea?
  2. a normal weight male                                                                         c.             an obese male

                                b.             a normal weight female                                                     d.             an obese female

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 356

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Obstructive sleep apnea is related to which of the following?
  2. diabetes                                                                                                                 c.             hypertension
  3. schizophrenia                                                                                       d.             epilepsy

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                    Page: 356

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following is true of obstructive sleep apnea?
  2. Its occurrence increases as people age, up until around the age of 30 years.
  3. A sufferer may stop breathing several hundred times during the night without knowing it.
  4. It is more common in women than in men.
  5. Many of the sufferers had asthma during childhood.

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 355

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A circadian rhythm lasts about ______ hours.
  2. 6                                                                                                                                              c.             24
  3. 12                                                                                                                                           d.             48

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 356

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A 24-hour rhythm is known as a(n) ______ rhythm.
  2. ultradian                                                                                                                c.             circadian
  3. infradian                                                                                                               d.             meridian

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 356

Topic: Sleep-Wake  Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. ______ sleep-wake disorder involves a mismatch between the sleep schedule demands of the

person’s environment and the person’s internal sleep-wake cycle.

  1. Circadian rhythm                                                                c.             Narcoleptic
  2. Obstructive apnea                                                               d.             Night terrors

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 1                                    Page: 356

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following is true of circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorder?
  2. It is synonymous with “jet lag.”
  3. It can lead to the development of hypertension.
  4. It can indirectly result from frequent changes in time zones and work shifts.
  5.           It appears to have a genetic base.

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 356

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Disorders involving abnormal behaviors or physiological events taking place during

sleep or during the threshold between wakefulness and sleep are called ______.

  1. Parasomnias                                                                                                         c.             Endosomnias
  2. Mesosomnias                                                                                       d.             Dyssomnias

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 357

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following is a parasomnia?
  2. arousal disorder                                                                    c.             circadian rhythm sleep disorder
  3. narcolepsy                                                                                            d.             delayed sleep phase preference

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 3                                    Page: 357-358

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Intense episodes, usually among children, of sitting up during deep sleep, appearing frightened,

showing signs of extreme arousal, talking, thrashing wildly, but remaining asleep, and

remembering nothing of the episode the next morning are  typical of ______.

  1. nightmare disorder                                                                              c.             circadian rhythm sleep disorder
  2. sleep terror disorder                                                                            d.             sleepwalking disorder

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                    Page: 357

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Sleep terrors are ______ intense than nightmares and usually occur in ______ sleep.
  2. less, non-REM                                                                                     c.             less, REM
  3. more, non-REM                                                                                   d.             more, REM

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 357

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Sleep terror disorder affects more ______ and is usually outgrown during ______.
  2. boys, childhood                                                                                   c.             boys, adolescence
  3. girls, childhood                                                                                    d.             girls, adolescence

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 357

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following people is most likely to have sleep terror disorder?
  2. a male child                                                                                                          c.             a male adult
  3. a female child                                                                                       d.             a female adult

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 357

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Sleep terror disorder afflicts between ______ percent of children.
  2. 1 and 6                                                                                                                   c.             11 and 16
  3. 6 and 11                                                                                                                d.             16 and 21

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 3                                    Page: 357

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Sleep terror disorder afflicts about______ percent of adults.
  2. 2                                                                                                                                              c.             10
  3. 5                                                                                                                                              d.             20

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 3                                    Page: 357

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Repeated episodes in which a sleeper arises from bed and walks around the house while

remaining fully asleep are typical of ______.

  1. nightmare disorder                                                                              c.             circadian rhythm sleep disorder
  2. sleep terror disorder                                                                            d.             sleepwalking disorder

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 1                                    Page: 357

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following is true of sleepwalking episodes?
  2. They tend to occur during the first stages of sleep.
  3. They appear to involve the enactment of a dream.
  4. They are more common in adults than in children.
  5. Repeated episodes can cause significant personal distress.

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 357

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following is true of sleepwalking?
  2. It appears to be caused by an overactive reticular activating system in the brain.
  3. It is dangerous to wake a sleepwalker.
  4. When they awaken the next morning, sleepwalkers typically have little, if any, memory

of the sleepwalking episode.

  1. Sleepwalkers often recall vivid contents of a dream if awakened while sleepwalking.

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 357-358

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

 

  1. Sleepwalking disorder afflicts between ______ percent of children.
  2. 1 and 5                                                                                                                   c.             11 and 15
  3. 6 and 10                                                                                                                d.             16 and 20

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 3                                    Page: 357-358

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. ______ involves repeated episodes of acting out one’s dreams during REM sleep in the form of vocalizing parts of the dream or thrashing about.
  2. Nightmare disorder                                                                              c.             Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder
  3. Sleep terror disorder                                                                            d.             Sleepwalking disorder

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 358

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. ______ involves recurrent awakenings from sleep because of frightening dreams.
  2. Nightmare disorder                                                                              c.             Circadian rhythm sleep disorder
  3. Sleep terror disorder                                                                            d.             Sleepwalking disorder

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 1                                    Page: 358

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. ______ of the adult population experiences intense nightmares that could be diagnosed as nightmare disorder.
  2. It is unknown as to what percentage                                                c.             Ten percent
  3. Less than one percent                                                                                                         d.             Five percent

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 358

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Nightmares are associated with ______.
  2. lack of exercise                                                                                    c.             traumatic experiences
  3. eating too much before going to bed               d.             depletion of serotonin

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 358

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. __________is associated with nightmares.
  2. Lack of exercise                                                                                   c.             Stress
  3. Eating too much before going to bed              d.             Depletion of dopamine

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                    Page: 358

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

 

  1. Nightmares occur during ______ sleep.
  2. stage 1                                                                                                                   c.             stage 4
  3. stage 2                                                                                                                   d.             REM

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 1                                    Page: 358

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. REM sleep periods become ______ and dreams become ______ intense during the latter half

of sleep.

  1. shorter, less                                                                                                           c.             shorter, more
  2. longer, less                                                                                                            d.             longer, more

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 358-359

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The most common method of treating sleep disorders in the United States is through ______.
  2. behavior modification techniques                    c.             sleep medications
  3. psychosurgical techniques                                                 d.             stress-reduction techniques

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 359

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.7

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Sleep medications used to combat sleep disorders are most often ______.
  2. antianxiety drugs                                                                                 c.             major tranquilizers
  3. antidepressant drugs                                                                           d.             analgesics

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 3                                    Page: 359

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.7

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Sleep medications primarily work by increasing the activity of ______.
  2. serotonin                                                                                                               c.             norepinephrine
  3. GABA                                                                                                                    d.             acetylcholine

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                    Page: 359

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.7

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Research has found that when used for the short-term treatment of insomnia, sleep

medications do which of the following?

  1. increase the amount of REM sleep
  2. increase dopamine production in the brain
  3. increase respiration rate
  4. increase the total length of sleep

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 359

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.7

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following is a problem associated with the use of tranquilizers to combat

Insomnia?

  1. Tranquilizers tend to increase REM sleep.
  2. Tranquilizers may reduce the amount of GABA available in the brain.
  3. Tranquilizers can cause night sweats.
  4. Tranquilizers can result in rebound insomnia following discontinuation of the drug.

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 359

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.7

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Regular use of drugs such as benzodiazepines to combat insomnia lead to ______.
  2. neither tolerance nor dependence                    c.             dependence, but not tolerance
  3. tolerance, but not dependence                                          d.             tolerance and dependence

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 359

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.7

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Regular use of prescription sleep medications produces ______.
  2. neither physiological nor psychological dependence
  3. physiological, but not psychological, dependence
  4. psychological, but not physiological, dependence
  5. both physiological and psychological dependence

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 359

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.7

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Stimulants are often used to treat people with ______.
  2. sleepwalking disorder                                                                         c.             primary insomnia
  3. narcolepsy                                                                                                            d.             sleep terror disorder

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 360

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.8

Skill: Factual

  1. Psychological approaches to treating sleep disorders have been largely limited to treating

______.

  1. primary hypersomnia                                                                         c.             insomnia disorder (primary insomnia)
  2. sleepwalking disorder                                                                         d.             night terror disorder

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 360

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.8

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The type of psychological approach which has become predominant in the treatment of

sleep disorders is ______.

  1. social learning therapy                                                       c.             psychoanalysis
  2. cognitive-behavior therapy                                               d.             humanistic therapy

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                    Page: 360

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.8

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The psychological intervention for primary insomnia that has been used to treat it most

successfully is ______ therapy.

  1. psychodynamic                                                                                   c.             cognitive-behavioral
  2. humanistic                                                                                                            d.             Gestalt

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                    Page: 360

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.8

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A behavioral technique for combating insomnia that involves changing the environment

associated with sleeping is known as ______.

  1. rational restructuring                                                                           c.             aversive conditioning
  2. response cost                                                                                                        d.             stimulus control

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 360

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.8

Skill: Factual

 

  1. To combat her insomnia, Nichole decides to stop using her bed for any other activities (such

as reading, eating, or tossing and turning, etc.). From now on she will use it only for sleeping,

and she will limit the time she spends in bed trying to fall asleep to no more than 10 to 20

minutes at a time. Her approach is typical of ______.

  1. rational restructuring                                                                           c.             aversive conditioning
  2. response cost                                                                                                        d.             stimulus control

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                    Page: 360

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.8

Skill: Applied

 

  1. A cognitive technique for substituting logical, sensible alternatives for self-defeating,

maladaptive thoughts or beliefs is ______.

  1. rational restructuring                                                                           c.             aversive conditioning
  2. response cost                                                                                                        d.             stimulus control

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 360

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.8

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. Which of the following is a recommended technique to help you fall asleep better at night?
  2. Go to bed only when you feel sleepy.
  3. Drink several glasses of wine.
  4. Exercise late in the evening before bedtime.
  5. Watch TV or read in bed.

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                    Page: 361

Topic: A Closer Look: To Sleep, Perchance to Dream

Textbook LO: 9.8

Skill: Factual

 

True-False Questions

 

  1. In a nation of plenty, some people deliberately starve themselves — sometimes to death.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 335

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

  1. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are becoming increasingly rare in the United States.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 1    Page: 335

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Anorexia nervosa is much more common than bulimia nervosa.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 1    Page: 335

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Anorexia nervosa is far more common in women than in men.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 336

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Though others see them as “skin and bones,” young women with anorexia still see themselves

as too fat.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 2    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The addition of body fat associated with puberty is natural in early adolescence.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Individuals with the binge eating/purging type of anorexia tend to have problems with impulse control.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Cardiac problem with anorexia can include high blood pressure.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 2    Page: 337

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A person with bulimia typically relies on strenuous exercise as a strategy for purging.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 2    Page: 338

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A DSM-5 diagnosis of bulimia nervosa requires that binge-eating episodes occur at an average frequency of at least once a week for three months.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 338

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Individuals with bulimia nervosa are usually of normal weight.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 338

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Sociocultural theorists believe that media images of ultrathin models and performers increase body dissatisfaction and may lead to disordered eating behavior

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 2    Page: 339-340

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. BMI is a measure of waist to weight ratio.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 1    Page: 340

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Eating disorders are less common in non-Western countries that the United States.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 340

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Investigators expect that the prevalence of eating disorders in young women of color will rise with increased exposure to Eurocentric concepts of feminine beauty.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 2    Page: 341

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. People with anorexia nervosa may restrict their food intake in a misguided attempt to relieve upsetting emotions by seeking mastery or control over their bodies.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 3    Page: 342

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Childhood sexual abuse is associated with an increased risk of developing bulimia.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page:342

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. People who struggle with bulimia tend to think in dichotomous or “black or white” terms.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 2    Page: 343

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Most eating disorders develop in nurturing, conflict-free families.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 2    Page: 343

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Drugs used to treat depression may help curb bulimic binges.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 343

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Eating disorders are relatively easy to treat.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 2    Page: 345

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.3

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Hospitalization is almost always necessary for the effective treatment of anorexia or bulimia.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 2    Page: 345

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.3

Skill: Factual

 

  1. A combination of antidepressants and cognitive-behavior therapy has proven to be the

ideal treatment for bulimia.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 3    Page: 345

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.3

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Obesity has become a national epidemic.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 346

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Obesity is one of the most common psychological disorders in the United States.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 1    Page: 346

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Around the world, there are as many people overweight as underfed.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 346

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. As a result of all the money and effort spent on weight loss products and programs, America’s collective waistlines are stabilizing.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 2    Page: 346

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. When you lose weight, your body starts putting the brakes on the rate at which it burns calories.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 2    Page:347

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Obese people lose fat cells when they diet.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 2    Page: 347

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Obese people have no more fat cells than people who are not obese.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 2    Page: 347

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Poorer people also exercise less regularly than more affluent people do.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 348

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Incidence of obesity is highest among people of lower socioeconomic status.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 347

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Most dieters eventually gain back the weight they lose.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 348

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. BED is more common than either anorexia or bulimia.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 2    Page: 349

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Many Americans commonly suffer from sleep attacks in which they suddenly fall asleep without warning.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 1    Page: 354

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Narcolepsy is sometimes referred to as “sleep drunkenness.”

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 1    Page: 353

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. People with obstructive sleep apnea repeatedly fall asleep without warning.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 1    Page: 355

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Some people literally gasp for breath hundreds of times during sleep without realizing it.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 2    Page: 356

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Most people who have sleep terrors fall back to sleep and remember nothing of them

when they awaken.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 357

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Persons with rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder may suddenly kick or

flail their arms, potentially causing injuries to themselves or their bed partner.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 2    Page: 358

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Nightmares generally occur during REM sleep.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 1    Page: 358

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The most common method for treating sleep disorders in the United States is hypnosis.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 1    Page: 359

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.7

Skill: Factual

 

  1. There is little evidence of long-term benefits of drug therapy for insomnia after the use

of the drugs ceases.

 

ANSWER: T

Diff: 2    Page: 359

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.7

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Psychological approaches have been successfully used to treat every major sleep

disorder except insomnia.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 2    Page: 360

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.8

Skill: Factual

 

 

  1. Exercising heavily just before bedtime can help eliminate insomnia.

 

ANSWER: F

Diff: 1    Page: 361

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.8

Skill: Factual

 

 

Essay Questions

 

  1. Describe the features of anorexia and bulimia and the medical complications associated

with each.

 

Diff: 1    Page: 335-339

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Discuss the causal factors involved with anorexia and bulimia.

 

Diff: 2    Page: 339-345

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1. State your opinion and the basis for your opinion on whether or not Barbie should be banned.

 

Diff: 2    Page: 344

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.2

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Discuss the treatment of anorexia and bulimia. What methods hold the most promise?

 

Diff: 2    Page: 345-349

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.3

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Describe the features of binge-eating disorder and how it differs from bulimia.

 

Diff: 1    Page: 338-339, 349

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.3

Skill: Factual

 

  1. What factors contribute to the imbalance between energy intake and expenditure that underlies obesity?

 

Diff: 2    Page: 346-348

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Discuss socioeconomic differences in obesity and the possible reasons for those differences.

 

Diff: 2    Page: 347-348

Topic: Eating Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Describe the features of insomnia disorder, hypersomnolence disorder, narcolepsy, breathing-related sleep disorder, and circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorder.

 

Diff: 1    Page: 352-356

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Describe the features of the major types of parasomnias: nightmare disorder, sleep terror

disorder, and sleepwalking disorder.

 

Diff: 1    Page: 356-359

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.6

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Discuss pharmacological and psychological treatments of sleep disorders. Detail the concerns surrounding the use of sleep medications.

 

Diff: 3    Page: 360-361

Topic: Sleep-Wake Disorders

Textbook LO: 9.8

Skill: Factual