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Adult Development and Aging 6th Edition Hoyer Roodin Test Bank

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Adult Development and Aging 6th Edition Hoyer Roodin Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0073128542

ISBN-10: 0073128546

 

Description

Adult Development and Aging 6th Edition Hoyer Roodin Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0073128542

ISBN-10: 0073128546

 

 

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Below you will find some free nursing test bank questions from this test bank:

11
Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. Human genetic transmission is based upon the success of offspring to reproduce, not on a specific
individual’s ability to reproduce.

 

A.  True
B.  False

2. Social networks vary in

 

A.  proximity.
B.  connectedness.
C.  size.
D.  all of the above.

3. Social networks can have both positive and negative consequences.

 

A.  True
B.  False

4. There is only one type of intergenerational, interpersonal attachment in adulthood – namely an emotional,
intimate attachment to another person.

 

A.  True
B.  False

5. Two types of intergenerational, interpersonal relationships exist in adulthood – namely an emotional,
intimate attachment to another person and close friendship.

 

A.  True
B.  False

6. Research has shown that individuals who are securely attached to their parents or caregivers as infants at
twelve months of age are rated as being more socially competent in elementary school.

 

A.  True
B.  False

7. Generally, those who are securely attached at a given age display greater security in relationships at later
points in their lives.

 

A.  True
B.  False

8. Which of the following is NOT an element of loving emphasized by Berscheid (1988) and Sternberg
(1986) in their research?

 

A.  Passion
B.  Knowledge
C.  Caring
D.  Intimacy or openness

9. Berscheid suggested that the ________ component of relationships cannot be sustained across time.

 

A.  caring
B.  passionate
C.  commitment
D.  self-disclosing

10. Which component of love is most important in the initial establishment of a love relationship?

 

A.  Passion
B.  Intimacy
C.  Commitment
D.  Genuine regard

11. Erikson thought that intimacy was not possible until an individual

 

A.  reached sexual maturity.
B.  developed an independent lifestyle.
C.  had a fairly stable personal identity.
D.  possessed formal operational thinking.

12. Vicki and Steve were arguing about the lack of intimacy in their relationship. In the course of the
argument, the following statements were said about the other person. Which one is most consistent with
Erikson’s views about intimacy?

 

A.

“Steve, I never should have expected intimacy from you because you don’t even have a clue who you
are.”
B.

“Vicki, I should have known that you were incapable of being intimate because you can’t even think as
well as a college freshman.”
C
.
“Steve, intimacy is impossible with you because you have never been more mature about our sex lives
than a high school sophomore.”
D
.
“Vicki, I think you don’t know anything about being intimate because you went from your parent’s
home to our life together without any time out on your own.”

13. Which of the following is NOT identified as a factor that can affect the experience and quality of
marriage over time?

 

A.  Work demands
B.  Age at marriage
C.  Having children
D.  Family support

14. Friendship involves

 

A.  enjoyment with friends.
B.  acceptance of friends without trying to change them.
C.  mutual assistance.
D.  all of the above.

15. When Margaret is asked why she is good friends with Shana, she says, “Shana and I know how to
support each other, we can share confidences with each other, and she lets me be me without trying to
change me.” Margaret’s description of Shana emphasizes all of the following characteristics of friendship
except

 

A.  respect.
B.  confiding.
C.  acceptance.
D.  mutual assistance.

16. Which of the following best defines the quality of friendship known as trust?

 

A.  Doing and saying as we like with a friend
B.  Believing that our friends act on our behalf
C.  Thinking our friends have the right to make their own judgments
D.  Feeling that our friends know us well and understand what we are like

17. According to Weiss (1973), there are how many types of loneliness?

 

A.  One
B.  Two
C.  Three
D.  Four

18. Which of the following statements is most accurate concerning emotional isolation?

 

A.  Emotional isolation can be equally alleviated by either emotional or social involvement.
B. Emotional isolation can be alleviated by emotional involvement, but not much by social involvement.
C. Emotional isolation can be alleviated by social involvement, but not much by emotional involvement.
D.

Emotional isolation is best alleviated by social involvement in the short-run, and emotional
involvement in the long-run.

19. Which of the following statements is most accurate concerning social isolation?

 

A.  Social isolation can be equally alleviated by either emotional or social involvement.
B. Social isolation can be alleviated by emotional involvement but not much by social involvement.
C. Social isolation can be alleviated by social involvement but not much by emotional involvement.
D.

Social isolation is best alleviated by social involvement in the short-run and emotional involvement in
the long-run.

20. According to Weiss, there are two types of loneliness:

 

A.  emotional isolation and physical isolation.
B.  social isolation and physical isolation.
C.  lonely isolation and love isolation.
D.  emotional isolation and social isolation.

21. According to Rubenstein and Shaver, people who live alone are ________ lonely than people who live
with others.

 

A.  less
B.  more
C.  no more
D.  much more

22. The percentage of households in the U.S. consisting of one person living alone has _____ since 1970.

 

A.  increased
B.  decreased
C.  remained the same
D.  data is unavailable

23. Since 1970, the percentage of households in the U.S. consisting of five or more people has decreased
from 21 percent to 10 percent.

 

A.  True
B.  False

24. Approximately what percent of households with couples who were living together but not married were
same-sex couples according to the 2000 Census data?

 

A.  5 percent
B.  10 percent
C.  15 percent
D.  20 percent

25. The initial acceptance of one’s homosexual orientation is often difficult because of our society’s

 

A.  condemnation of homosexuality.
B.  concern that homosexuality may be contagious.
C.  resistance to changes of lifestyle after adolescence.
D.  equal acceptance of homosexuality and heterosexuality.

26. Among gay males, long-term commitments are

 

A.  very rare.
B.  always monogamous.
C.  no different from heterosexual marriages.
D.  usually entered into just prior to middle age.

27. In terms of the predictors of relationship quality, there is no difference between homosexual couples and
heterosexual couples.

 

A.  True
B.  False

28. Among homosexual couples involved in committed long-term relationships, lower anxiety levels and
more positive feelings about the relationship are associated with

 

A.  monogamy.
B.  staying in the closet.
C.  having accepting parents.
D.  experimenting with dangerous sexual practices.

29. Which of the following statements pertains to gay and lesbian couples according to Kurdek (2005)?

 

A.  Work is generally not assigned to roles.
B.  A well-balanced division of labor is seen.
C.  The division of household chores becomes more specialized as the relationship continues.
D.  All of the above choices are correct.

30. Data on marital satisfaction shows that heterosexual couples are more satisfied than are homosexual
couples.

 

A.  True
B.  False

31. When comparing closed versus open homosexual relationships, closed relationships generally show
greater social support, more positive attitudes, and lower anxiety.

 

A.  True
B.  False

32. Married couples generally wait how many years before they have their first child?

 

A.  1
B.  2
C.  3
D.  4

33. The percentages of married men and women has continued to increase over the past 40 years.

 

A.  True
B.  False

34. The median age of first marriage has increased steadily over the past 30 years.

 

A.  True
B.  False

35. In 2000, the median age to marry was 25.1 years for women and 25.3 for men.

 

A.  True
B.  False

36. In 2005, which of the following people was most likely to be divorced?

 

A.  A black male
B.  A white male
C.  A black female
D.  A white female

37. The percentages of live births to unmarried women has increased for nearly 40 years.

 

A.  True
B.  False

38. More unmarried black women give birth than do unmarried white women.

 

A.  True
B.  False

39. What is the most important factor initially in selecting a potential mate?

 

A.  Similar values
B.  Similar interests
C.  Physical appearance
D.  Complementary differences

40. Young, married couples are not only getting familiar with their marriage roles but also in

 

A.  role reversal.
B.  becoming established in their careers.
C.  confusion about whether to stay married.
D.  forming an extended multigenerational family support system.

41. Compared to previous decades, couples are more likely to have fewer children, one child, or no
children.

 

A.  True
B.  False

42. Which scenario is an example of an early articulator?

 

A.  Ryan, who chose his marriage mate and his career choice before the age of 21
B.  Pat, who graduated early from high school and then finished college in less than four years
C.

Will, who chose to have children early on so that he would be through with parenting responsibilities
by his early 40s
D.

Joy, who knew even before she graduated from high school that she would have a professional position
but no children to raise

43. Compared to postponers, early articulators are

 

A.  somewhat more satisfied with their marriages.
B.  more expressive of their affection with their partner.
C.  more certain in early adulthood about parenting decisions.
D.  all of the above.

44. Compared to postponers, childless couples who are early articulators are

 

A.  less satisfied with their marriages.
B.  more affectionate toward each other.
C.  not distinguishable from postponers.
D.  those who keep having priorities emerge that are more important than childbearing.

45. Typically, childless marriages are less satisfying than marriages with children.

 

A.  True
B.  False

46. Filial maturity involves

 

A.  how offspring assist each other in growing up.
B.  the parents’ realization that their offspring are now adults.
C.  the adult children’s realization that their parents are adults like themselves.
D.  the offspring’s ability to be financially and emotionally independent of their parents.

47. What percentage of adults talk to or see a parent every day?

 

A.  10
B.  20
C.  30
D.  40

48. Compared to 1989 data, the percentage of adults talking to or seeing at least one parent has increased in
2005.

 

A.  True
B.  False

49. Marital satisfaction

 

A.  increases when a couple becomes parents.
B.  is often lowest when children are at home.
C.  increases steadily as the marriage progresses.
D.  is highest for older men married to younger women.

50. Men are more likely than women to experience the death of a spouse.

 

A.  True
B.  False

51. Women cope better than men to the death of a spouse.

 

A.  True
B.  False

52. Widows outnumber widowers nearly

 

A.  2 to 1.
B.  3 to 1.
C.  4 to 1.
D.  6 to 1.

53. Generally, younger adults cope better with the death of a spouse than do older adults.

 

A.  True
B.  False

54. The average age for becoming a first-time grandparent is

 

A.  mid-thirties.
B.  mid-forties.
C.  mid-fifties.
D.  mid-sixties.

55. What percentage of children lives in homes where their grandparents are the head of household?

 

A.  6
B.  4
C.  12
D.  8

56. Joshua loves to spend time with his grandmother because Carole takes him to the movies and to the zoo,
reads books to him, plays X-men with him, and helps him with his coloring and other projects. Carole
takes a _________ grandparenting role.

 

A.  formal
B.  fun-seeking
C.  family watchdog
D.  surrogate caretaker

57. Ashley has nice, pleasant visits at her grandfather Donald’s farm, but she only gets to see him a few times
a year. Donald takes a ________ grandparenting role.

 

A.  formal
B.  distant-figure
C.  family watchdog
D.  surrogate caretaker

58. When Brandon’s parents, his grandparents Rick and Yvette take care of him. Rick and Yvette assume the
________ grandparenting role.

 

A.  formal
B.  fun-seeking
C.  family watchdog
D.  surrogate caretaker

59. In 2005, 26.7 million individuals lived alone in the U.S. accounting for _____ percent of all adults in this
country.

 

A.  10
B.  26
C.  35
D.  48

60. The factors associated with the risk of divorce include all of the following except

 

A.  marriage at an early age.
B.  high levels of education.
C.  low income.
D.  all of the above.

61. Divorce rates by age 40 have recently shown a decrease according to 2001 data.

 

A.  True
B.  False

62. First marriages that end in divorce typically last about _____ years.

 

A.  4
B.  6
C.  8
D.  10

63. Approximately 50 percent of divorced adults 25 years of age and older have remarried.

 

A.  True
B.  False

64. As married couples enter middle age, frequency of sexual activity declines. Which of the following does
NOT contribute to this decline?

 

A.  Career responsibilities
B.  Family schedules
C.  Work schedules
D.  Decline in openess

65. Which of the following is NOT a physical effect of menopause?

 

A.  Thinning of the vaginal walls
B.  Loss of elasticity of the vaginal walls
C.  Increased vaginal lubrication
D.  Atrophy of the vagina itself

66. Which of the following does NOT increase with aging?

 

A.  Intensity of orgasm
B.  Time needed for erection
C.  Length of refractory period
D.  Time needed for ejaculation

67. Studies have shown that in older adults between 60 and 71 years of age, nearly _____ percent had
intercourse on a regular basis.

 

A.  30
B.  40
C.  50
D.  70

68. Fifteen percent of those older adults over 78 years of age regularly engaged in sexual intercourse.

 

A.  True
B.  False

69. The relationship between health and sexual activity in old age is

 

A.  inverse; sexual activity in old age is pathological.
B.  unknown; old people do not generally engage in sexual activity.
C.  direct; the healthiest elderly persons are the most active sexually.
D.  independent; the two variables have nothing to do with each other.

70. The absolute upper age limit beyond which sexual activity is not needed, and may in fact be dangerous,
is

 

A.  about 80 years.
B.  about 90 years.
C.  about 100 years.
D.  not known as there seems to be no age limit to sexual activity.

11 Key

1.

(p. 299)
Human genetic transmission is based upon the success of offspring to reproduce, not on a specific
individual’s ability to reproduce.

 

A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #1

Learning Objective: 11.1

2.
Level: Factual

 

Social networks vary in

 

(p. 299)
A. proximity.
B.  connectedness.
C.  size.
D. all of the above.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #2

Learning Objective: 11.1

3.
Level: Factual

 

Social networks can have both positive and negative consequences.

 

(p. 299)
A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #3

Learning Objective: 11.1

4.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 300)
There is only one type of intergenerational, interpersonal attachment in adulthood – namely an
emotional, intimate attachment to another person.

 

A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #4

Learning Objective: 11.1

5.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 300)
Two types of intergenerational, interpersonal relationships exist in adulthood – namely an emotional,
intimate attachment to another person and close friendship.

 

A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #5

Learning Objective: 11.1

6.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 301)
Research has shown that individuals who are securely attached to their parents or caregivers as infants
at twelve months of age are rated as being more socially competent in elementary school.

 

A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #6

Learning Objective: 11.2

7.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 301)
Generally, those who are securely attached at a given age display greater security in relationships at
later points in their lives.

 

A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #7

Learning Objective: 11.2

Level: Factual

8.

(p. 301)
Which of the following is NOT an element of loving emphasized by Berscheid (1988) and Sternberg
(1986) in their research?

 

A. Passion
B.  Knowledge
C.  Caring
D. Intimacy or openness

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #8

Learning Objective: 11.1

9.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 302)
Berscheid suggested that the ________ component of relationships cannot be sustained across
time.

 

A. caring
B.  passionate
C.  commitment
D. self-disclosing

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #9

Learning Objective: 11.2

10.
Level: Factual

 

Which component of love is most important in the initial establishment of a love relationship?

 

(p. 302)
A. Passion
B.  Intimacy
C.  Commitment
D. Genuine regard

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #10

Learning Objective: 11.1

11.
Level: Factual

 

Erikson thought that intimacy was not possible until an individual

 

(p. 302)
A. reached sexual maturity.
B.  developed an independent lifestyle.
C. had a fairly stable personal identity.
D. possessed formal operational thinking.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #11

Learning Objective: 11.2

12.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 302)
Vicki and Steve were arguing about the lack of intimacy in their relationship. In the course of the
argument, the following statements were said about the other person. Which one is most consistent
with Erikson’s views about intimacy?

 

A.

“Steve, I never should have expected intimacy from you because you don’t even have a clue who
you are.”
B.

“Vicki, I should have known that you were incapable of being intimate because you can’t even think
as well as a college freshman.”
C.

“Steve, intimacy is impossible with you because you have never been more mature about our sex
lives than a high school sophomore.”
D
.
“Vicki, I think you don’t know anything about being intimate because you went from your parent’s
home to our life together without any time out on your own.”

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #12

Learning Objective: 11.2

13.
Level: Applied

 

(p. 302)
Which of the following is NOT identified as a factor that can affect the experience and quality of
marriage over time?

 

A. Work demands
B.  Age at marriage
C.  Having children
D. Family support

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #13

Learning Objective: 11.2

Level: Factual

14.

Friendship involves

 

(p. 303)
A. enjoyment with friends.
B.  acceptance of friends without trying to change them.
C.  mutual assistance.
D. all of the above.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #14

Learning Objective: 11.2

15.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 303)
When Margaret is asked why she is good friends with Shana, she says, “Shana and I know how to
support each other, we can share confidences with each other, and she lets me be me without trying
to change me.” Margaret’s description of Shana emphasizes all of the following characteristics of
friendship except

 

A. respect.
B.  confiding.
C.  acceptance.
D. mutual assistance.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #15

Learning Objective: 11.2

16.
Level: Applied

 

Which of the following best defines the quality of friendship known as trust?

 

(p. 303)
A. Doing and saying as we like with a friend
B.  Believing that our friends act on our behalf
C.  Thinking our friends have the right to make their own judgments
D. Feeling that our friends know us well and understand what we are like

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #16

Learning Objective: 11.2

17.
Level: Factual

 

According to Weiss (1973), there are how many types of loneliness?

 

(p. 303)
A. One
B.  Two
C.  Three
D. Four

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #17

Learning Objective: 11.4

18.
Level: Factual

 

Which of the following statements is most accurate concerning emotional isolation?

 

(p. 303)
A. Emotional isolation can be equally alleviated by either emotional or social involvement.
B. Emotional isolation can be alleviated by emotional involvement, but not much by social
involvement.
C. Emotional isolation can be alleviated by social involvement, but not much by emotional
involvement.
D.

Emotional isolation is best alleviated by social involvement in the short-run, and emotional
involvement in the long-run.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #18

Learning Objective: 11.3

19.
Level: Conceptual

 

Which of the following statements is most accurate concerning social isolation?

 

(p. 303)
A. Social isolation can be equally alleviated by either emotional or social involvement.
B.  Social isolation can be alleviated by emotional involvement but not much by social involvement.
C. Social isolation can be alleviated by social involvement but not much by emotional involvement.
D.

Social isolation is best alleviated by social involvement in the short-run and emotional involvement
in the long-run.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #19

Learning Objective: 11.3

Level: Conceptual

20.

According to Weiss, there are two types of loneliness:

 

(p. 303)
A. emotional isolation and physical isolation.
B.  social isolation and physical isolation.
C.  lonely isolation and love isolation.
D. emotional isolation and social isolation.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #20

Learning Objective: 11.4

21.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 303)
According to Rubenstein and Shaver, people who live alone are ________ lonely than people who live
with others.

 

A. less
B.  more
C. no more
D. much more

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #21

Learning Objective: 11.4

22.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 304)
The percentage of households in the U.S. consisting of one person living alone has _____ since
1970.

 

A. increased
B.  decreased
C.  remained the same
D. data is unavailable

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #22

Learning Objective: 11.4

23.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 304)
Since 1970, the percentage of households in the U.S. consisting of five or more people has decreased
from 21 percent to 10 percent.

 

A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #23

Learning Objective: 11.6

24.
Level: Factual

 

Approximately what percent of households with couples who were living together but not married
were same-sex couples according to the 2000 Census data?

(p. 304305)
A. 5 percent
B.  10 percent
C.  15 percent
D. 20 percent

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #24

Learning Objective: 11.6

25.
Level: Factual

 

The initial acceptance of one’s homosexual orientation is often difficult because of our society’s

 

(p. 304305)
A. condemnation of homosexuality.
B.  concern that homosexuality may be contagious.
C.  resistance to changes of lifestyle after adolescence.
D. equal acceptance of homosexuality and heterosexuality.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #25

Learning Objective: 11.7

26.
Level: Conceptual

 

Among gay males, long-term commitments are

 

(p. 306)
A. very rare.
B.  always monogamous.
C.  no different from heterosexual marriages.
D. usually entered into just prior to middle age.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #26

Learning Objective: 11.7

Level: Conceptual

27.

(p. 305)
In terms of the predictors of relationship quality, there is no difference between homosexual couples
and heterosexual couples.

 

A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #27

Learning Objective: 11.9

28.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 306)
Among homosexual couples involved in committed long-term relationships, lower anxiety levels and
more positive feelings about the relationship are associated with

 

A. monogamy.
B.  staying in the closet.
C.  having accepting parents.
D. experimenting with dangerous sexual practices.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #28

Learning Objective: 11.7

29.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 305)
Which of the following statements pertains to gay and lesbian couples according to Kurdek (2005)?
 

A. Work is generally not assigned to roles.
B.  A well-balanced division of labor is seen.
C.  The division of household chores becomes more specialized as the relationship continues.
D. All of the above choices are correct.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #29

Learning Objective: 11.8

30.
Level: Applied

 

(p. 305)
Data on marital satisfaction shows that heterosexual couples are more satisfied than are homosexual
couples.

 

A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #30

Learning Objective: 11.7

31.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 306)
When comparing closed versus open homosexual relationships, closed relationships generally show
greater social support, more positive attitudes, and lower anxiety.

 

A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #31

Learning Objective: 11.9

32.
Level: Factual

 

Married couples generally wait how many years before they have their first child?

 

(p. 306)
A. 1
B.  2
C.  3
D. 4

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #32

Learning Objective: 11.10

33.
Level: Factual

 

The percentages of married men and women has continued to increase over the past 40 years.

 

(p. 306)
A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #33

Learning Objective: 11.10

34.
Level: Factual

 

The median age of first marriage has increased steadily over the past 30 years.

 

(p. 306)
A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #34

Learning Objective: 11.10

Level: Factual

35.

In 2000, the median age to marry was 25.1 years for women and 25.3 for men.

 

(p. 311)
A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #35

Learning Objective: 11.10

36.
Level: Factual

 

In 2005, which of the following people was most likely to be divorced?

 

(p. 308)
A. A black male
B.  A white male
C. A black female
D. A white female

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #36

Learning Objective: 11.11

37.
Level: Factual

 

The percentages of live births to unmarried women has increased for nearly 40 years.

 

(p. 309)
A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #37

Learning Objective: 11.13

38.
Level: Factual

 

More unmarried black women give birth than do unmarried white women.

 

(p. 309)
A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #38

Learning Objective: 11.13

39.
Level: Factual

 

What is the most important factor initially in selecting a potential mate?

 

(p. 310)
A. Similar values
B.  Similar interests
C. Physical appearance
D. Complementary differences

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #39

Learning Objective: 11.12

40.
Level: Factual

 

Young, married couples are not only getting familiar with their marriage roles but also in

 

(p. 311)
A. role reversal.
B.  becoming established in their careers.
C.  confusion about whether to stay married.
D. forming an extended multigenerational family support system.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #40

Learning Objective: 11.12

41.
Level: Conceptual

 

(p. 312)
Compared to previous decades, couples are more likely to have fewer children, one child, or no
children.

 

A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #41

Learning Objective: 11.13

42.
Level: Factual

 

Which scenario is an example of an early articulator?

 

(p. 312)
A. Ryan, who chose his marriage mate and his career choice before the age of 21
B.  Pat, who graduated early from high school and then finished college in less than four years
C.

Will, who chose to have children early on so that he would be through with parenting
responsibilities by his early 40s
D.

Joy, who knew even before she graduated from high school that she would have a professional
position but no children to raise

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #42

Learning Objective: 11.14

Level: Applied

43.

Compared to postponers, early articulators are

 

(p. 312313)
A. somewhat more satisfied with their marriages.
B.  more expressive of their affection with their partner.
C.  more certain in early adulthood about parenting decisions.
D. all of the above.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #43

Learning Objective: 11.14

44.
Level: Factual

 

Compared to postponers, childless couples who are early articulators are

 

(p. 313)
A. less satisfied with their marriages.
B.  more affectionate toward each other.
C.  not distinguishable from postponers.
D. those who keep having priorities emerge that are more important than childbearing.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #44

Learning Objective: 11.14

45.
Level: Conceptual

 

Typically, childless marriages are less satisfying than marriages with children.

 

(p. 315)
A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #45

Learning Objective: 11.15

46.
Level: Factual

 

Filial maturity involves

 

(p. 317)
A. how offspring assist each other in growing up.
B.  the parents’ realization that their offspring are now adults.
C. the adult children’s realization that their parents are adults like themselves.
D. the offspring’s ability to be financially and emotionally independent of their parents.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #46

Learning Objective: 11.18

47.
Level: Factual

 

What percentage of adults talk to or see a parent every day?

 

(p. 316)
A. 10
B.  20
C.  30
D. 40

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #47

Learning Objective: 11.18

48.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 316)
Compared to 1989 data, the percentage of adults talking to or seeing at least one parent has increased
in 2005.

 

A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #48

Learning Objective: 11.18

49.
Level: Factual

 

Marital satisfaction

 

(p. 315)
A. increases when a couple becomes parents.
B.  is often lowest when children are at home.
C.  increases steadily as the marriage progresses.
D. is highest for older men married to younger women.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #49

Learning Objective: 11.16

50.
Level: Conceptual

 

Men are more likely than women to experience the death of a spouse.

 

(p. 317)
A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #50

Learning Objective: 11.19

Level: Factual

51.

Women cope better than men to the death of a spouse.

 

(p. 317)
A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #51

Learning Objective: 11.19

52.
Level: Factual

 

Widows outnumber widowers nearly

 

(p. 317)
A. 2 to 1.
B.  3 to 1.
C.  4 to 1.
D. 6 to 1.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #52

Learning Objective: 11.19

53.
Level: Factual

 

Generally, younger adults cope better with the death of a spouse than do older adults.

 

(p. 317)
A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #53

Learning Objective: 11.19

54.
Level: Factual

 

The average age for becoming a first-time grandparent is

 

(p. 318)
A. mid-thirties.
B.  mid-forties.
C. mid-fifties.
D. mid-sixties.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #54

Learning Objective: 11.20

55.
Level: Factual

 

What percentage of children lives in homes where their grandparents are the head of household?

 

(p. 319)
A. 6
B.  4
C.  12
D. 8

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #55

Learning Objective: 11.20

56.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 319)
Joshua loves to spend time with his grandmother because Carole takes him to the movies and to the
zoo, reads books to him, plays X-men with him, and helps him with his coloring and other projects.
Carole takes a _________ grandparenting role.

 

A. formal
B.  fun-seeking
C.  family watchdog
D. surrogate caretaker

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #56

Learning Objective: 11.21

57.
Level: Applied

 

(p. 319)
Ashley has nice, pleasant visits at her grandfather Donald’s farm, but she only gets to see him a few
times a year. Donald takes a ________ grandparenting role.

 

A. formal
B.  distant-figure
C.  family watchdog
D. surrogate caretaker

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #57

Learning Objective: 11.21

Level: Applied

58.

(p. 319)
When Brandon’s parents, his grandparents Rick and Yvette take care of him. Rick and Yvette assume
the ________ grandparenting role.

 

A. formal
B.  fun-seeking
C.  family watchdog
D. surrogate caretaker

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #58

Learning Objective: 11.21

59.
Level: Applied

 

(p. 320)
In 2005, 26.7 million individuals lived alone in the U.S. accounting for _____ percent of all adults in
this country.

 

A. 10
B.  26
C.  35
D. 48

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #59

Learning Objective: 11.4

60.
Level: Factual

 

The factors associated with the risk of divorce include all of the following except

 

(p. 322)
A. marriage at an early age.
B.  high levels of education.
C.  low income.
D. all of the above.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #60

Learning Objective: 11.22

61.
Level: Factual

 

Divorce rates by age 40 have recently shown a decrease according to 2001 data.

 

(p. 321)
A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #61

Learning Objective: 11.22

62.
Level: Factual

 

First marriages that end in divorce typically last about _____ years.

 

(p. 322)
A. 4
B.  6
C. 8
D. 10

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #62

Learning Objective: 11.22

63.
Level: Factual

 

Approximately 50 percent of divorced adults 25 years of age and older have remarried.

 

(p. 322)
A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #63

Learning Objective: 11.22

64.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 323)
As married couples enter middle age, frequency of sexual activity declines. Which of the following
does NOT contribute to this decline?

 

A. Career responsibilities
B.  Family schedules
C.  Work schedules
D. Decline in openess

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #64

Learning Objective: 11.23

Level: Factual

65.

Which of the following is NOT a physical effect of menopause?

 

(p. 323)
A. Thinning of the vaginal walls
B.  Loss of elasticity of the vaginal walls
C. Increased vaginal lubrication
D. Atrophy of the vagina itself

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #65

Learning Objective: 11.23

66.
Level: Factual

 

Which of the following does NOT increase with aging?

 

(p. 323)
A. Intensity of orgasm
B.  Time needed for erection
C.  Length of refractory period
D. Time needed for ejaculation

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #66

Learning Objective: 11.23

67.
Level: Factual

 

(p. 323)
Studies have shown that in older adults between 60 and 71 years of age, nearly _____ percent had
intercourse on a regular basis.

 

A. 30
B.  40
C. 50
D. 70

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #67

Learning Objective: 11.24

68.
Level: Factual

 

Fifteen percent of those older adults over 78 years of age regularly engaged in sexual intercourse.

 

(p. 323)
A. True
B.  False

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #68

Learning Objective: 11.24

69.
Level: Factual

 

The relationship between health and sexual activity in old age is

 

(p. 324)
A. inverse; sexual activity in old age is pathological.
B.  unknown; old people do not generally engage in sexual activity.
C. direct; the healthiest elderly persons are the most active sexually.
D. independent; the two variables have nothing to do with each other.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #69

Learning Objective: 11.24

70.
Level: Conceptual

 

The absolute upper age limit beyond which sexual activity is not needed, and may in fact be
dangerous, is

(p. 323325)
A. about 80 years.
B.  about 90 years.
C.  about 100 years.
D. not known as there seems to be no age limit to sexual activity.

Hoyer – Chapter 11 #70

Learning Objective: 11.24

Level: Factual

 

11 Summary

Category
# of Questions
Hoyer – Chapter 11
70
Learning Objective: 11.1
7
Learning Objective: 11.10
4
Learning Objective: 11.11
1
Learning Objective: 11.12
2
Learning Objective: 11.13
3
Learning Objective: 11.14
3
Learning Objective: 11.15
1
Learning Objective: 11.16
1
Learning Objective: 11.18
3
Learning Objective: 11.19
4
Learning Objective: 11.2
9
Learning Objective: 11.20
2
Learning Objective: 11.21
3
Learning Objective: 11.22
4
Learning Objective: 11.23
3
Learning Objective: 11.24
4
Learning Objective: 11.3
2
Learning Objective: 11.4
5
Learning Objective: 11.6
2
Learning Objective: 11.7
4
Learning Objective: 11.8
1
Learning Objective: 11.9
2
Level: Applied
7
Level: Conceptual
8
Level: Factual
55