An Introduction to Community Health 7th Edition McKenzie Pinger Kotecki Test Bank
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Below you will find some free nursing test bank questions from this test bank:
- True or False? Schools have immeasurable potential for affecting the health of children, their families, and the health of the community.
- True or False? Coordinated School Health Programs are implemented the same way in each school district in the United States.
- True or False? The coordination of the various components of the Coordinated School Health Program is the primary role of the school nurse.
- True or False? The ideal school health council would include representation from a wide variety of school personnel, community members, and community health agencies.
- True or False? On an average day, teachers spend more waking hours with school-aged children than do the parents of many children.
- True or False? School health policies include laws, mandates, regulations, standards, resolutions, and guidelines to provide a foundation for school district practices and procedures.
- True or False? All school districts are required to have at least one full-time school nurse.
- True or False? Health and success in school are interrelated.
- True or False? The School Health Policies and Practices Study is a national survey conducted by a division of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- True or False? School districts in the United States are required to have a school health coordinator.
- True or False? School health services are those provided by the school health workers to appraise, protect, and promote the health of students.
- True or False? The portion of the school environment that encompasses attitudes, feelings, and values of students and staff is the physical environment.
- True or False? Things like indoor air quality, lighting, playgrounds, and school bus safety are part of the school’s psychosocial environment.
- True or False? The written plan for school health education is referred to as the health sequence.
- True or False? Controversial topics are a leading challenge to the implementation of a school health curriculum.
- Components of the Coordinated School Health Program include
- A) physical education
- B) nutrition services
- C) health promotion for staff
- D) all of the above
- The group whose primary role is to provide coordination of the various components of the Coordinated School Health Program is the
- A) school health council
- B) health teachers
- C) school nurses
- D) school health coordinators
- Providing direct health care to students and staff, providing screening and referral for health conditions, and promoting health are all responsibilities of the
- A) health teachers
- B) school nurses
- C) school health council
- D) school health coordinators
- Numerous resources became available to help schools develop policies because of the requirements of
- A) action for Healthy Kids
- B) the National School Health Coordinator Leadership Institute
- C) the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004
- D) the American Academy of Pediatrics
- The part of the health curriculum that outlines what will be taught is the
- A) Scope
- B) Sequence
- C) Policy
- D) Coordinated School Health Program
- Priority health content for a school health curriculum includes
- A) healthy eating
- B) diabetes management
- C) autoimmune disorders
- D) body systems’ function
- Priority health content for a school health curriculum includes
- A) mental and emotional health
- B) tobacco
- C) personal health and wellness
- D) all of the above
- Barriers to school health education include
- A) over-enforcement by state and local education policymakers
- B) excessive support from administration
- C) lack of time in the school year/day
- D) none of the above
- The primary responsibility for the health of school-aged children lies with
- A) their parents/guardians
- B) the school teachers
- C) the community
- D) the school board
- Which individuals are most often selected as the coordinator of the school health council?
- A) counseling personnel and social workers
- B) physical education teachers
- C) parents or outside community leaders
- D) school nurses and health educators
- The majority of school-based health centers are found in
- A) a building adjacent to the school
- B) the school building
- C) a central community location
- D) in the administrative offices of the school district
- Most school-based health centers operating today are in
- A) rural areas
- B) urban areas
- C) elementary schools
- D) mobile health center units
- Because of the low priority given to health in many school districts, much of the health education is provided by
- A) individuals other than health education specialists
- B) health education specialists
- C) nurses and licensed dieticians
- D) physicians
- The general public has become more aware of violence in schools because of
- A) the marketing efforts schools have placed on violence prevention
- B) the number of high-profile incidents of violence in schools across the country
- C) gun control laws
- D) the Coordinated School Health Program
- A common topic of controversy in school health education is
- A) nutrition
- B) suicide
- C) alcohol
- D) violence
- Name the steps involved in creating local school health related policies.
Ans: Identify the policy development team, assess the district’s needs, prioritize needs and develop an action plan, draft a policy, build awareness and support, adopt and implement the policy, maintain, measure, and evaluate.
- Provide at least three ideas for distributing new school health policies to help with policy implementation.
Ans: Distributing the policies with a memorandum of explanation; placing the policies
in both faculty/staff and student handbooks; presenting them at a gathering of the different
groups (e.g., at staff or parent-teacher organization [PTO] meetings, or an open house); holding a special meeting for the specific purpose of explaining the policies, placing them in the school district newsletter.
- List and describe at least three advantages of having school health services.
Ans: Equitability-school health services provide a point of entry into the health care system for all children in school; breadth of coverage-many preventive services are provided that are not covered in a majority of health insurance policies; confidentiality; user friendliness-the school is an environment with which students are familiar and in which they feel comfortable; convenience-services are accessible to all students.
- Provide at least three examples of how schools can reduce improper implementation of the school health curriculum.
Ans: Implement age appropriate curricula; use acceptable teaching methods; gain parent/guardian approval of curricula and teaching methods; develop a school policy that enables parents/guardians to review and to withdraw their children from lessons that go against family or religious beliefs; implement a school policy that provides for the handling of concern by parents/guardians; make sure qualified and interested teachers teach health.
- Provide at least four responsibilities of school nurses.
Ans: Providing direct health care to students and staff, providing leadership for the provision of health services, providing screening and referral for health conditions, promoting a healthy school environment, promoting health, serving in a leadership role for health policies, serving as a liaison between school personnel, family, community, and health care providers.
- Explain why it is important for administrators to support the school health program.
Ans: Administrators control resources. Without their leadership and support, it will be an ongoing struggle to provide a quality program.
- Provide five priority health content areas on which a school health curriculum should focus.
Ans: Alcohol and other drugs, health eating, mental and emotional health, personal health and wellness, physical activity, safety/unintentional injury prevention, sexual health (abstinence and risk avoidance), tobacco, violence prevention.
- Explain what should be outlined in an effective health curriculum.
Ans: The health curriculum should include the scope and sequence, learning objectives, standards, learning activities, possible instructional resources, and methods for assessment to determine the extent to which the objectives and standards are met.
- Provide three examples of what students will be able to do if National Health Education Standards are met.
Ans: Comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health; analyze the influence of family, peers, culture, media, technology, and other factors on health behaviors; demonstrate the ability to access valid information and products and services to enhance health; demonstrate the ability to use interpersonal communication skills to enhance health and avoid or reduce health risks; demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skills to enhance health; demonstrate the ability to use goal setting to enhance health; demonstrate the ability to practice health-enhancing behaviors to avoid or reduce health risks; demonstrate the ability to advocate for personal, family, and community health.
- Provide five examples of characteristics of effective health education curricula.
Ans: Effective health education curricula focuses on clear health goals and related behavioral outcomes; is research-based and theory-driven; addresses individual values and group norms that support health-enhancing behaviors; focuses on increasing the personal perception of risk and harmfulness of engaging in specific health risk behaviors and reinforcing protective factors; addresses social pressures and influences; builds personal competence, social competence, and self-efficacy by addressing skills; provides functional health knowledge that is basic, accurate, and directly contributes to health-promoting decisions and behaviors; uses strategies designed to personalize information and engage students; provides age-appropriate and developmentally appropriate information, learning strategies, teaching methods, and materials; incorporates learning strategies, teaching methods, and materials that are culturally inclusive; provides adequate time for instruction and learning; provides opportunities to reinforce skills and positive health behaviors; provides opportunities to make positive connections with influential others (e.g., peers, parents or other caregivers, families, and other positive adult role models); includes teacher information and plans for professional development and training that enhances the effectiveness of instruction and student learning.