Sale!

Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology 6th Edition Scanlon Sanders Test Bank

$80.00 $11.99

Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology 6th Edition Scanlon Sanders Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0321792235

ISBN-10: 0321792238

 

Description

Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology 6th Edition Scanlon Sanders Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0321792235

ISBN-10: 0321792238

 

 

How can a nursing test bank help me in school?

  Think about it like this. You have one text book in your class. So does your teacher. Each text book has one test bank that teachers use to test students with. This is the nursing test bank for the book you have. All authentic chapters and questions and answers are included.

Do I get to download this nursing test bank today?

Since we know that students want their files fast, we listened and made it exactly the way you want. So you can download your entire test bank today without waiting for it.

Is this site anonymous and discreet?

We try our best to give nursing students exactly what they want. So your order is 100 percent anonymous and discreet. We do not keep any logs of any kind on our website and use a 256 bit SSL encryption on our site which you can verify.

What if I order the wrong test bank?

As long as the file is not downloaded, we can give you the correct file. Please send us an email and we will send you the correct file right away.

Can I request a sample before I purchase to make sure its authentic?

Of coarse you can, samples are provided on this page as well. Please scroll down to view a sample. If it is not on this page, email us and we will send you a free sample chapter which you can view before your purchase.

What format are the nursing test banks in when I download them?

Most of the formats are going to be in a PDF format. We also have files in Microsoft Word. They can be viewed on your computer or phone.

Can I write a review and leave a testimonial on this site?

You certainly can. Please email us by sending an email to us. Many students send us emails thanking us for helping them.

Below you will find some free nursing test bank questions from this test bank:

Chapter 10 (MC): The Endocrine System

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Which statement describes a negative feedback mechanism?
a. The effects of a hormone increase the stimulus for secretion of that hormone.
b. The effects of a hormone decrease the stimulus for secretion of that hormone.
c. The hormone itself is the stimulus for secretion of the hormone.
d. The hormone stimulates secretion of another hormone with the opposite function.

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. When the effects of a hormone decrease the stimulus for secretion of that hormone, this sequence of events is called a:
a. positive feedback mechanism c. stimulus-response mechanism
b. negative feedback mechanism d. releasing-hormone mechanism

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. A negative feedback mechanism:
a. always involves three or more hormones
b. contains its own brake or shutoff mechanism
c. requires an external brake to slow it
d. always involves the hypothalamus

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. A positive feedback mechanism:
a. always involves three or more hormones
b. contains its own brake or shutoff mechanism
c. requires an external brake to slow it
d. always involves the hypothalamus

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. Hormones exert their effects only on cells that have ______ for the hormone on the cell membrane or in the cytoplasm.
a. receptors c. DNA molecules
b. genes d. effectors

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. In the two-messenger mechanism of the action of protein hormones, the first messenger is the ___, which must bond to a ___ on the cell membrane.
a. receptor/cyclic AMP c. receptor/hormone
b. hormone/receptor d. hormone/cyclic AMP

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. In the two-messenger mechanism of the action of protein hormones, the second messenger is ___, which activates specific ___ in a cell to bring about the cell’s response to the hormone.
a. cyclic AMP/receptors c. cyclic AMP/enzymes
b. an enzyme/cyclic AMP molecules d. a receptor/enzymes

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. Protein hormones are believed to exert their effects by activating certain ___ within a cell.
a. other hormones c. RNA molecules
b. enzymes d. genes

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. Steroid hormones are believed to exert their effects on cells by activating certain ___ within a cell.
a. cyclic AMP molecules c. RNA molecules
b. other hormones d. genes

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. Which endocrine gland is NOT paired with its correct location?
a. ovaries – on either side of the uterus
b. testes – in the scrotum between the upper thighs
c. pancreas – between the duodenum and the spleen
d. adrenal glands – one below each kidney

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. Which endocrine gland is NOT paired with its correct location?
a. parathyroid glands – on the back of the thyroid
b. anterior pituitary gland – below the hypothalamus
c. posterior pituitary gland – below the hypothalamus
d. thyroid gland – above the larynx on the back of the trachea

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. The function of ADH is to:
a. increase the reabsorption of water by the kidneys
b. increase the reabsorption of sodium by the kidneys
c. decrease the reabsorption of water by the kidneys
d. decrease the reabsorption of sodium by the kidneys

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The hormone that directly increases the reabsorption of water by the kidneys is:
a. ADH c. PTH
b. aldosterone d. epinephrine

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. Increased secretion of ADH will have this effect on urinary output:
a. increase it c. increase then decrease it
b. decrease it d. no effect

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. Decreased secretion of ADH will have this effect on urinary output:
a. increase it c. decrease then increase it
b. decrease it d. no effect

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. Which statement is NOT true of ADH?
a. It is released from the posterior pituitary gland.
b. It increases the reabsorption of water by the kidneys.
c. Its action increases urinary output.
d. Its action increases blood volume.

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. A stimulus for secretion of ADH is:
a. water loss in extreme sweating c. both A and B
b. severe hemorrhage d. both A and B, and severe diarrhea

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The hormone that causes strong contractions of the uterus for delivery of a baby is:
a. estrogen c. oxytocin
b. progesterone d. prolactin

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The hormone that causes release of milk from the mammary glands is:
a. estrogen c. oxytocin
b. progesterone d. prolactin

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The effect of oxytocin on the uterus is to:
a. contribute to the growth of the placenta
b. help increase circulation in the fetus
c. prevent contractions before the end of gestation
d. cause contractions for delivery

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The effect of oxytocin on the mammary glands is to:
a. increase the production of milk c. decrease the release of milk
b. decrease the production of milk d. increase the release of milk

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. Oxytocin and ADH are both secreted by the:
a. ovaries c. posterior pituitary gland
b. anterior pituitary gland d. adrenal glands

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. Which statement is NOT true of oxytocin?
a. It is released from the posterior pituitary gland.
b. It causes contractions of the uterus.
c. It stimulates milk production in the mammary glands.
d. It is secreted during labor and when a mother is nursing an infant.

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The hormone that initiates sperm production in the testes is:
a. FSH c. ACTH
b. LH d. GH

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The hormone that stimulates secretion of testosterone by the testes is:
a. ACTH c. LH
b. FSH d. GH

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. In men, the hormone ___ initiates sperm production in the testes, and ___ stimulates secretion of testosterone.
a. testosterone/LH c. testosterone/FSH
b. LH/FSH d. FSH/LH

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. In men, the function of FSH is to:
a. decrease secretion of testosterone
b. initiate sperm production in the testes
c. both A and B
d. both A and B, and increase secretion of GnRH

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. In men, the function of LH is to:
a. increase secretion of testosterone
b. stimulate sperm production in the testes
c. both A and B
d. both A and B, and increase secretion of GnRH

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The hormone that initiates development of egg cells in the ovaries is:
a. LH c. ACTH
b. FSH d. GH

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The hormone that causes ovulation is:
a. GH c. FSH
b. LH d. ACTH

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. In women, the function of FSH is to:
a. initiate development of egg cells in the ovaries
b. increase the secretion of estrogen
c. both A and B
d. both A and B, and increase the secretion of GnRH

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. In women, the function of LH is to:
a. increase secretion of progesterone in the ovary
b. cause ovulation
c. both A and B
d. neither A nor B

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The hormone that stimulates secretion of thyroxine is:
a. TSH c. prolactin
b. ACTH d. GH

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The hormone that stimulates secretion of cortisol is:
a. TSH c. prolactin
b. ACTH d. GH

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The hormone that increases milk production is:
a. estrogen c. prolactin
b. progesterone d. oxytocin

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. Which of these hormones is NOT secreted by the anterior pituitary gland?
a. TSH c. ACTH
b. PTH d. GH

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. Which anterior pituitary hormone is NOT paired with its correct function?
a. Prolactin – increases milk production.
b. TSH – stimulates the thyroid gland to secrete thyroxine.
c. GH – increases mitosis in growing organs.
d. ACTH – stimulates the adrenal medulla to secrete epinephrine.

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. Which anterior pituitary hormone is NOT paired with its correct function?
a. LH – stimulates the ovaries to secrete estrogen
b. FSH – stimulates the development of egg cells in the ovaries
c. LH – stimulates ovulation of a mature egg
d. FSH – initiates sperm production in the testes

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. Which of these hormones is NOT regulated by a hormone from the anterior pituitary gland?
a. thyroxine c. testosterone
b. cortisol d. epinephrine

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The secretion of the hormones of the anterior pituitary gland is regulated by ___, produced by the ___.
a. enzymes/posterior pituitary gland
b. releasing hormones/hypothalamus
c. enzymes/hypothalamus
d. releasing hormones/posterior pituitary gland

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. Which of these is a target organ of calcitonin?
a. small intestine c. bones
b. kidneys d. liver

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. Which of these is NOT a target organ of PTH?
a. small intestine c. bones
b. kidneys d. liver

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The hormone that increases the blood calcium level is:
a. thyroxine c. calcitonin
b. PTH d. insulin

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The hormone that decreases the blood calcium level is:
a. thyroxine c. calcitonin
b. PTH d. insulin

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The hormone ___ increases blood calcium level, and ___ decreases the blood calcium level.
a. calcitonin/ACTH c. ACTH/calcitonin
b. PTH/ACTH d. PTH/calcitonin

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The function of calcitonin is to:
a. decrease the reabsorption of calcium from bones
b. increase the absorption of calcium by the small intestine
c. decrease the absorption of calcium by the small intestine
d. increase the reabsorption of calcium from bones

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. Which of these is NOT a function of PTH?
a. increasing the absorption of calcium by the small intestine
b. increasing the reabsorption of calcium by the kidneys
c. increasing the reabsorption of calcium from bones
d. decreasing the reabsorption of calcium from bones

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. Which statement is NOT true of calcitonin and PTH?
a. PTH is produced by the parathyroid glands.
b. Calcitonin is produced by the pituitary gland.
c. Calcitonin helps keep calcium in bones.
d. PTH raises the blood calcium level.

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The hormone that enables cells to take in glucose to use for energy production is:
a. insulin c. glucagon
b. cortisol d. GH

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. The hormone that increases the conversion of glucose to glycogen by the liver is:
a. glucagon c. GH
b. thyroxine d. insulin

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. The hormone that increases the conversion of glycogen to glucose by the liver is:
a. glucagon c. GH
b. thyroxine d. insulin

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. The hormone that decreases the blood glucose level, for instance, after a meal, is:
a. aldosterone c. glucagon
b. insulin d. epinephrine

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. The hormone that increases the blood glucose level, for instance, between meals, is:
a. aldosterone c. glucagon
b. insulin d. norepinephrine

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. Insulin is produced by the ___, and ___ the blood glucose level.
a. beta cells of the pancreas/lowers c. beta cells of the pancreas/raises
b. alpha cells of the pancreas/lowers d. alpha cells of the pancreas/raises

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. Glucagon is produced by the ___, and ___ the blood glucose level.
a. beta cells of the pancreas/lowers c. beta cells of the pancreas/raises
b. alpha cells of the pancreas/lowers d. alpha cells of the pancreas/raises

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. Which statement is NOT true of the functions of insulin and glucagon?
a. Insulin enables cells to take in glucose from the blood to use for energy production.
b. Glucagon increases the conversion of amino acids to carbohydrates to be used for energy production.
c. Insulin enables cells to take in fatty acids and amino acids for synthesis reactions.
d. Glucagon decreases the use of fats for energy, since this is not important between meals.

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. Which statement is NOT true of the pancreas?
a. The endocrine portions are islets of Langerhans.
b. The beta cells secrete insulin.
c. The pancreas is also an exocrine gland.
d. The delta cells secrete glucagon.

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. The hormone that increases the use of fats and amino acids for energy production and spares glucose for use by the brain is:
a. insulin c. GH
b. aldosterone d. cortisol

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. The hormone that has an anti-inflammatory effect is:
a. glucagon c. thyroxine
b. cortisol d. insulin

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. Which statement is NOT true of the anti-inflammatory effect of cortisol?
a. It prevents rupture of the lysosomes within cells.
b. It blocks the effects of histamine.
c. It increases the extent of inflammation to destroy pathogens.
d. It decreases the extent of inflammation to prevent excessive tissue damage.

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. The hormone cortisol is produced by the:
a. adrenal cortex c. pancreas
b. adrenal medulla d. thyroid gland

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. Which statement is NOT true of the hormone cortisol?
a. It is secreted by the adrenal cortex.
b. It has an inflammatory effect.
c. It spares glucose for use by the brain.
d. It increases the use of fats and amino acids for energy production.

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. The hormone that increases the absorption of sodium ions by the kidneys is:
a. aldosterone c. calcitonin
b. ADH d. PTH

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 7

 

  1. The hormone that increases the excretion of potassium ions by the kidneys is:
a. ADH c. cortisol
b. PTH d. aldosterone

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 7

 

  1. Which of these is NOT a result of the function of aldosterone?
a. Blood volume is maintained at a normal level.
b. Blood calcium is kept within normal limits.
c. Blood pressure is maintained at a normal level.
d. Blood pH is kept within normal limits.

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 7

 

  1. The function of aldosterone is to increase the reabsorption of ___ ions and excretion of ___ ions by the kidneys.
a. potassium/sodium c. sodium/potassium
b. calcium/potassium d. calcium/sodium

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 7

 

  1. The hormone aldosterone is secreted by the ___, and its target organs are the ___.
a. adrenal cortex/blood vessels c. adrenal medulla/kidneys
b. adrenal medulla/blood vessels d. adrenal cortex/kidneys

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 7

 

  1. When blood pressure decreases, aldosterone is secreted as a result of the ___ mechanism:
a. sodium-potassium c. renin-potassium
b. sodium-angiotensin d. renin-angiotensin

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 7

 

  1. The adrenal medulla is the ___ part of the adrenal gland, and produces the hormones ___.
a. inner/epinephrine and norepinephrine c. inner/cortisol and aldosterone
b. outer/cortisol and aldosterone d. outer/epinephrine and norepinephrine

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 8

 

  1. The hormone whose major function is to stimulate vasoconstriction throughout the body is:
a. thyroxine c. aldosterone
b. norepinephrine d. epinephrine

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 8

 

  1. The major function of the hormone norepinephrine is to:
a. cause the liver to convert glycogen to glucose
b. decrease the heart rate
c. cause vasoconstriction throughout the body
d. increase peristalsis in the intestines

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 8

 

  1. Epinephrine is secreted in ___ situations, and mimics the effects of the ___ nervous system.
a. non-stressful/sympathetic c. non-stressful/parasympathetic
b. stressful/parasympathetic d. stressful/sympathetic

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 8

 

  1. The effects of the sympathetic nervous system are mimicked by ___, which is secreted by the ___.
a. epinephrine/adrenal medulla c. norepinephrine/adrenal cortex
b. cortisol/adrenal medulla d. epinephrine/adrenal cortex

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 8

 

  1. The effects of the sympathetic nervous system are very much the same as those of the hormone:
a. epinephrine c. thyroxine
b. insulin d. cortisol

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 8

 

  1. Which of these is NOT an effect of epinephrine?
a. faster heart rate
b. slower peristalsis
c. dilation of the bronchioles
d. conversion of glucose to glycogen in the liver

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 8

 

  1. The hormones directly necessary for development of egg cells in the ovary are:
a. LH and estrogen c. FSH and progesterone
b. FSH and estrogen d. LH and progesterone

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 9

 

  1. The hormones directly necessary for the development of sperm in the testes are:
a. LH and testosterone c. testosterone and inhibin
b. LH and FSH d. FSH and testosterone

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 9

 

  1. The hormone inhibin is secreted by the ___, and its function is to ___.
a. testes/decrease the secretion of FSH
b. anterior pituitary/decrease the secretion of testosterone
c. testes/decrease the secretion of LH
d. anterior pituitary/decrease the secretion of LH

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 9

 

  1. Which statement is NOT true of the male sex hormones?
a. FSH initiates sperm production in the testes.
b. Inhibin increases the secretion of FSH.
c. Testosterone is necessary for maturation of sperm.
d. LH increases the secretion of testosterone.

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 9

 

  1. Which statement is NOT true of the female sex hormones?
a. FSH stimulates secretion of estrogen by the ovarian follicle.
b. LH causes ovulation.
c. Progesterone is secreted by the corpus luteum.
d. FSH promotes growth of the corpus luteum.

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 9

 

  1. The name for hormone-like chemicals that are produced from cell membranes and have localized effects is:
a. tissue factors c. releasing factors
b. prostaglandins d. glandular factors

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 10

 

  1. Which statement is NOT true of prostaglandins?
a. They usually act locally at their site of production.
b. Some are necessary for blood clotting.
c. They are made from the cholesterol in cell nuclei.
d. Some are involved in reproduction.

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 10

 

  1. The hormones that are necessary for the growth of the endometrium in preparation for a possible pregnancy are:
a. estrogen and progesterone c. FSH and estrogen
b. FSH and LH d. LH and progesterone

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 11

 

  1. The hormone estrogen is produced by the:
a. egg cell in the ovary c. interstitial cells in the ovary
b. follicle in the ovary d. myometrium of the uterus

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 11

 

  1. The hormone progesterone is produced by the:
a. interstitial cells in the ovary c. corpus luteum in the ovary
b. follicle in the ovary d. myometrium of the uterus

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 11

 

  1. The hormone that increases the use of all three food types for energy is:
a. thyroxine c. GH
b. insulin d. cortisol

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 12

 

  1. The mineral ___ is necessary for the production of thyroxine and T3 by the ___.
a. iron/thyroid gland c. iodine/adrenal gland
b. iodine/thyroid gland d. iron/adrenal gland

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 12

 

  1. Iodine is necessary for the production of:
a. PTH by the parathyroid glands c. TSH by the anterior pituitary gland
b. calcitonin by the thyroid gland d. thyroxine by the thyroid gland

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 12

 

  1. The general stimulus for the secretion of thyroxine is ___, and the direct stimulus is ___.
a. increased metabolic rate/TSH c. increased metabolic rate/TRH
b. decreased metabolic rate/TRH d. decreased metabolic rate/TSH

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 12

 

  1. The functions of thyroxine and T3 include all of these except:
a. they increase the rate of protein synthesis within cells
b. they increase the use of all three food types for energy production
c. they increase the rate of mitosis in growing organs
d. they are necessary for both physical and mental growth

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 12

 

  1. The hormone that increases the rate of mitosis in growing tissues and organs is:
a. thyroxine c. glucagon
b. insulin d. GH

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 12

 

  1. The function of growth hormone is to:
a. increase the rate of mitosis in growing tissues
b. increase the rate of protein synthesis
c. both A and B
d. both A and B, and enable cells to take in glucose

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 12

 

  1. Two hormones that increase the rate of protein synthesis in cells are:
a. thyroxine and GH c. insulin and glucagon
b. GH and insulin d. glucagon and thyroxine

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 12

 

  1. Thyroxine and GH both increase the rate of the process of:
a. protein synthesis c. glucose production
b. mitosis in growing tissues d. glycogen production

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 12

 

  1. Which hormone is NOT paired with its correct stimulus for secretion?
a. insulin – hyperglycemia c. PTH – hypocalcemia
b. glucagon – hyperglycemia d. calcitonin – hypercalcemia

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 13

 

  1. Which hormone is NOT paired with its correct stimulus for secretion?
a. growth hormone – GHRH c. estrogen – LH
b. thyroxine – TSH d. cortisol – ACTH

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 13

 

  1. Which hormone is NOT paired with its correct stimulus for secretion?
a. epinephrine – sympathetic impulses c. testosterone – LH
b. aldosterone – low blood sodium level d. ADH – increased water in the body

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 13

 

  1. Which hormone is paired with its correct stimulus for secretion?
a. insulin – hyperglycemia c. PTH – hypercalcemia
b. glucagon – hyperglycemia d. calcitonin – hypocalcemia

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 13

 

  1. Which hormone is paired with its correct stimulus for secretion?
a. growth hormone – GSH c. estrogen – LH
b. thyroxine – TRH d. cortisol – ACTH

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 13

 

  1. Which hormone is paired with its correct stimulus for secretion?
a. epinephrine – sympathetic impulses c. testosterone – FSH
b. aldosterone – high blood sodium level d. ADH – increased water in the body

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 13

 

  1. Which endocrine disorder is NOT paired with its proper cause?
a. giantism – hypersecretion of growth hormone in childhood
b. Graves’ disease – hypersecretion of thyroxine
c. Cushing’s syndrome – hypersecretion of cortisol
d. acromegaly – hypersecretion of aldosterone

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 13

 

  1. Which endocrine disorder is NOT paired with its proper cause?
a. diabetes mellitus – hyposecretion of insulin
b. cretinism – hyposecretion of GH in childhood
c. myxedema – hyposecretion of thyroxine in adulthood
d. Addison’s disease – hyposecretion of cortisol and aldosterone

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 13

 

  1. Which endocrine disorder is NOT paired with its proper description?
a. Graves’ disease – rapid heart rate, excessive heat production and weight loss
b. cretinism – severe mental and physical disability
c. diabetes mellitus – cells use excess glucose; the blood glucose level falls
d. acromegaly – excessive growth of the bones of the hands, feet, and face

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 13

 

  1. Which endocrine disorder is NOT paired with its proper description?
a. Cushing’s syndrome – bones and skin become fragile
b. myxedema – muscular weakness, slow heart rate, weight gain
c. giantism – excessive growth of long bones
d. Addison’s disease – high blood pressure and hyperglycemia

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 13