Essentials of Sonography and Patient Care 2nd Edition Craig Test Bank
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Craig: Essentials of Sonography and Patient Care, 2nd Edition
Chapter 1: The Origins and Evolution of Diagnostic Medical Sonography
- A landmark book, The Theory of Sound, represented the beginning of the modern study of acoustics and was authored by
|a.||Sir Isaac Newton|
|c.||Leonardo da Vinci|
- Early real-time ultrasound systems relied on the use of
|a.||linear array transducers|
|c.||convex (curvilinear) transducers|
|e.||mechanical sectoring transducers|
- Bi-stable imaging systems were replaced grayscale methods because
|a.||the image display was too slow|
|b.||they failed to demonstrate subtle soft tissue interfaces|
|c.||the caliper measuring devices were unreliable|
|d.||the image recording options were limited|
|e.||the phosphor-coated screens were subject to screen “decay”|
- The destructive nature of ultrasound on biologic organisms and living tissue was first discussed in 1927 by
|a.||Woods and Loomis|
|b.||Doppler and Roentgen|
|c.||Langevin and Chilowsky|
|d.||Howry and Holmes|
|e.||Pierce and Firestone|
- Name the physician who devoted his career to the study and development of
noninvasive measurement of the peripheral vascular system.
- The biggest complaint of static imagers with regard to real-time equipment was its
|b.||transducer focal zones|
|d.||field of view|
|e.||heavy and bulky transducer|
- Francis Fry and Elizabeth Kelly Fry are most well know for their work in
- Name the physician credited as the first to establish the characteristic M-mode patterns of the mitral valve.
|a.||Carl Helmuth Hertz|
- The phenomenon of piezoelectricity was discovered by
|a.||The Dussik brothers|
|b.||Wild and Reid|
|c.||Langevin and Chilowsky|
|d.||Jacques and Pierre Curie|
|e.||Leopold and Donald|
- The direct precursor to modern-day ultrasound imaging systems was the
|d.||physionics porta-arm scanner|
- The study of sound was begun in 500 B.C., when Pythagoras observed
|a.||the propagation of sound|
|b.||the relationship between pitch and frequency|
|c.||the vibration of a musical instrument|
|d.||the nature of sound produced one object striking another|
|e.||that sound is carried to the ears the movement of air|
- Who was the first person to use the sound analogy of a pebble dropped into a calm body of water?
- Who first originated the concept that sound travels in waves?
|c.||Sir Isaac Newton|
- Who is credited with the observation that “the angle of reflection is equal to the angle of incidence”?
- The observation of bats navigating in the dark produced the idea that sound above the range of human hearing might exist. This concept was first expressed by
|e.||The Curie brothers|
- To remove unwanted tissue, therapeutic ultrasound relies on the following irreversible effects:
|d.||a and c|
- The A-mode mapping of the human brain was pioneered by
- The first scientist to develop intercavitary transducers for use with B-mode
- The major limitation of bi-stable imaging was its
|a.||need to use two oscilloscopes|
|c.||incomplete one-dimension images|
|d.||storage phosphor cathode ray tube|
|e.||need to immerse patients in water|
- Name the physician-scientist who was the first to ultrasonically demonstrate images of the fetal gestational sac.
- “Guidelines on Biological Safety” was the published work of
- Early Doppler ultrasound systems were limited the following:
|b.||insufficient number of duplex transducer arrays|
|d.||a and b only|
|e.||a, b, and c|
- The development of modern day sonar is linked to the invention of the
- The first American investigator to detail the methods and advantages of fetal cephalometry was
- Floyd Firestone is credited with inventing a(n)
|a.||ceiling-mounted transducer carriage|
|b.||water path scanner|
|e.||digital scan converter|