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Holes Human Anatomy and Physiology 12th Edition Shier Test Bank

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Holes Human Anatomy and Physiology 12th Edition Shier Test Bank

 

ISBN-13: 978-0078926365

ISBN-10: 007892636X

 

Description

Holes Human Anatomy and Physiology 12th Edition Shier Test Bank

 

ISBN-13: 978-0078926365

ISBN-10: 007892636X

 

 

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Chapter 14

Blood

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The percentage of red blood cells in a sample of human blood is normally about
    A.15%.
    B. 30%.
    C. 45%.
    D. 60%.
    E. 80%

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Hematocrit is
    A.the percent of red blood cells in a blood sample.
    B. a disease.
    C. a clotting factor.
    D. the color of plasma.
    E. none of the above.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. “Formed elements” are
    A.sodium and potassium.
    B. blood cells and platelets.
    C. serum and plasma.
    D. blood and lymph.
    E. tiny clots.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Blood volume varies with
    A.amount of adipose tissue.
    B. changes in electrolyte concentration.
    C. changes in fluid concentrations.
    D. body size.
    E. all of the above.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. The formed elements in the blood are
    A.mostly red blood cells.
    B. mostly white blood cells.
    C. mostly platelets.
    D. about equal numbers of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
    E. only in the buffy coat.

 

Difficulty Level: Apply/Analyze
Learning Outcome: 14.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. The biconcave cells in blood that lack nuclei when they are mature are the
    A.white blood cells.
    B. red blood cells.
    C. platelets.
    D. macrophages.
    E. plasma cells.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Which of the following is an agranulocyte?
    A.A basophil
    B. An eosinophil
    C. A neutrophil
    D. A polymorphonuclear leukocyte
    E. A monocyte

 

Difficulty Level: Evaluate/Create
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. The normal white blood cell count is
    A.500-1,000 cells per microliter of blood.
    B. 4,500-10,000 cells per microliter of blood.
    C. 45,000-100,000 cells per microliter of blood.
    D. 5,000,000-10,000,000 cells per microliter of blood.
    E. none of the above.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. Platelets are best described as
    A.giant, multinucleated cells.
    B. immature leukocytes.
    C. cytoplasmic fragments of cells.
    D. lymphoid cells.
    E. immature red blood cells.

 

Difficulty Level: Evaluate/Create
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Which is the correct sequence for differentiation of a red blood cell?
    A.Hematopoietic stem cell, erythrocyte, hematoblast, erythroblast
    B. Hematopoietic stem cell, erythroblast, erythrocyte, reticulocyte
    C. Hematopoietic stem cell, hemocytoblast, erythrocyte, erythroblast
    D. Hematopoietic stem cell, erythroblast, reticulocyte, erythrocyte
    E. Reticulocyte, erythroblast, hematopoietic stem cell

 

Difficulty Level: Evaluate/Create
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. A primary function of lymphocytes is to
    A.phagocytize damaged cells.
    B. produce enzymes that dissolve blood clots.
    C. release substances that initiate blood clots.
    D. stimulate formation of red blood cells.
    E. act against foreign substances.

 

Difficulty Level: Evaluate/Create
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. Vitamin B12 is poorly absorbed in the absence of
    A.folic acid
    B. erythropoietin.
    C. intrinsic factor.
    D. erythroblasts.
    E. extrinsic factor.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Biliverdin and bilirubin are pigments that result from the breakdown of red blood cells. Biliverdin is ______ in color and bilirubin is ______ in color.
    A.greenish; purple
    B. greenish; orange
    C. black; red
    D. brownish; orange
    E. black; orange

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Which two mature blood cell types descend from myeloblasts?
    A.T cells and B cells
    B. Erythrocytes and platelets.
    C. Neutrophils and basophils.
    D. Monocytes and lymphocytes.
    E. Erythrocytes and plasma cells.

 

Difficulty Level: Evaluate/Create
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. Heme released from hemoglobin in aged red blood cells is decomposed in the liver into
    A.iron and the bile pigment biliverdin, which is eventually converted to bilirubin.
    B. iron and the bile pigment bilirubin, which is eventually converted to biliverdin.
    C. iron and interleukins.
    D. serum and plasma proteins.
    E. magnesium and chlorophyll.

 

Difficulty Level: Evaluate/Create
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Which of the following formed elements releases serotonin?
    A.Erythrocytes
    B. Platelets
    C. Neutrophils
    D. Basophils
    E. Plasma cells

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Which of the following are most active as phagocytes?
    A.Erythrocytes
    B. Neutrophils
    C. Platelets
    D. Eosinophils
    E. Basophils

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. Heparin prevents blood clotting by
    A.binding to calcium ions.
    B. interfering with the formation of thrombin and fibrinogen.
    C. inhibiting the formation of prothrombin activator and the action of thrombin on fibrinogen.
    D. depleting the blood of platelets.
    E. none of the above

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Cyanosis is caused by an increased blood concentration of
    A.deoxyhemoglobin.
    B. oxyhemoglobin.
    C. carbon dioxide.
    D. carbon monoxide.
    E. oxygen

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Sickle cell disease is caused by
    A.a lack of dietary iron.
    B. a lack of intrinsic factor.
    C. an excess of hemoglobin.
    D. a mutation.
    E. a virus.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. Hydroxyurea treats sickle cell disease by
    A.activating a gene that normally functions only in a fetus.
    B. removing sickled cells.
    C. stimulating hematopoietic stem cells.
    D. transfusing new blood.
    E. none of the above.

 

Difficulty Level: Apply/Analyze
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. The form of anemia caused by lack of dietary iron is
    A.pernicious anemia.
    B. aplastic anemia.
    C. hemolytic anemia.
    D. iron deficiency anemia.
    E. sickle cell anemia.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. The proteins that B cells produce that attack foreign cells are
    A.MHC complexes.
    B. interleukins.
    C. lymphocytes.
    D. antibodies.
    E. antigens.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. Pus is composed of
    A.neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils.
    B. bacteria, white blood cells, and damaged cells.
    C. mucus, sputum, and platelets.
    D. water, serum, and fibers.
    E. none of the above.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Diapedesis is
    A.the formation of platelets from megakaryocytes.
    B. a brand of adult diaper.
    C. movements of white blood cells out of the circulation.
    D. squeezing of red blood cells through narrow capillaries.
    E. filling of red blood cells with hemoglobin.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Oxyhemoglobin is ______ in color, whereas deoxyhemoglobin is ______ in color.
    A.bright red; bluish
    B. bright orange; bright red
    C. purple; bluish
    D. brownish; bluish
    E. dull red; bright red

 

Difficulty Level: Apply/Analyze
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. Blood vessel spasms following an injury are stimulated by
    A.parasympathetic impulses.
    B. the formation of a fibrin clot.
    C. serotonin released from platelets.
    D. the release of heparin from eosinophils.
    E. norepinephrine released from leukocytes.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Athletes abuse erythropoeitin (EPO) because it
    A.increases the red blood cell supply, which brings more oxygen to muscle cells.
    B. decreases the red blood cell supply, which brings more oxygen to muscle cells.
    C. increases the red blood cell supply, which depletes oxygen from muscle cells.
    D. increases the white blood cell supply, which prevents infection.
    E. increases the platelet supply, which prevents bleeding.

 

Difficulty Level: Apply/Analyze
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Which of the following drinks reduces the amount of iron absorbed from food?
    A.Milk
    B. Tea
    C. Coffee
    D. Wine
    E. Diet Dr. Pepper

 

Difficulty Level: Apply/Analyze
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. What is the substance in tea that binds iron, reducing the amount absorbed?
    A.Ascorbic acid
    B. Caffeine
    C. Folic acid
    D. Tannic acid
    E. Glucosamine

 

Difficulty Level: Apply/Analyze
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Blood platelets
    A.lack nuclei.
    B. release serotonin.
    C. number from 130,000 – 360,000 per microliter blood.
    D. form from megakaryocytes.
    E. all of the above

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Nonprotein nitrogenous substances include
    A.amino acids.
    B. urea.
    C. uric acid
    D. creatinine.
    E. all of the above.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. As a result of starvation or a protein-deficient diet, blood protein concentration
    A.increases and water accumulates in tissue spaces.
    B. decreases and water accumulates in tissue spaces.
    C. increases and water accumulates in cells.
    D. decreases and water accumulates in cells.
    E. increases and the person urinates uncontrollably.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Which plasma protein is accurately described?
    A.albumin-blood clot formation
    B. gamma globulin-maintaining blood osmotic pressure
    C. fibrinogen-transport of lipids and fat-soluble vitamins
    D. beta globulins-transport of lipids and fat-soluble vitamins
    E. alpha globulin-determination of blood type

 

Difficulty Level: Evaluate/Create
Learning Outcome: 14.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. In edema
    A.the body withers from dehydration.
    B. tissues swell with fluid.
    C. blood clots inappropriately.
    D. monocytes dominate the blood.
    E. a clot forms in the pulmonary artery.

 

Difficulty Level: Evaluate/Create
Learning Outcome: 14.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. Plasma electrolytes include
    A.bicarbonate, magnesium, chloride, and potassium ions.
    B. monocytes, basophils, and eosinophils.
    C. T cells and B cells.
    D. urea and uric acid.
    E. fibrinogen, globulins, and albumin.

 

Difficulty Level: Evaluate/Create
Learning Outcome: 14.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Which of the following is not required for the formation of a blood clot?
    A.Calcium
    B. Fibrinogen
    C. Prothrombin
    D. Albumin
    E. Vitamin K

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. What is the difference between serum and plasma?
    A.Plasma contains calcium; serum does not.
    B. Plasma does not have blood cells; serum does.
    C. Plasma contains fibrinogen; serum does not.
    D. Plasma contains albumin; serum does not.
    E. Plasma is a solid; serum is a liquid.

 

Difficulty Level: Evaluate/Create
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. A blood clot that forms abnormally in a blood vessel is a(n)
    A.aneurysm.
    B. embolus.
    C. thrombus.
    D. stroke.
    E. myocardial infarction.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Prothrombin time is a blood test used to evaluate
    A.intravascular clotting.
    B. the Hageman factor.
    C. extrinsic clotting mechanism.
    D. intrinsic clotting mechanism.
    E. mismatched blood types.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. A pulmonary embolism is most likely caused by a clot reaching
    A.a lung through a pulmonary artery.
    B. a lung through a pulmonary vein.
    C. the heart through a pulmonary artery.
    D. the heart through a pulmonary vein.
    E. the liver through a pulmonary artery.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. Thrombocytopenia is due to a deficiency of
    A.vitamin K.
    B. platelets.
    C. von Willebrand factor.
    D. factor VII.
    E. leukocytes.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. As a platelet plug forms, platelets release
    A.collagen.
    B. creatine.
    C. serotonin.
    D. fibrin.
    E. acetylcholine.

 

Difficulty Level: Evaluate/Create
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. The release of tissue thromboplastin initiates
    A.the intrinsic clotting mechanism.
    B. the extrinsic clotting mechanism.
    C. platelet plug formation.
    D. hemolysis.
    E. none of the above.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. The basic event in the formation of a blood clot is the change of
    A.fibrinogen to fibrin.
    B. fibrin to fibrinogen.
    C. thrombin to prothrombin.
    D. vitamin K to prothrombin.
    E. red blood cells to platelets.

 

Difficulty Level: Evaluate/Create
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. The final step in the formation of a blood clot is
    A.the formation of prothrombin activator.
    B. that thrombin converts fibrinogen to fibrin.
    C. that prothrombin activator converts prothrombin to thrombin.
    D. tissue damage.
    E. activation of factor XI.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Vitamin K
    A.is essential for the synthesis of prothrombin.
    B. is used to make hemoglobin.
    C. requires intrinsic factor to be absorbed.
    D. is a clotting factor.
    E. is all of the above.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. Petechiae are a symptom of
    A.anemia.
    B. thrombocytopenia.
    C. ischemia.
    D. hemophilia.
    E. leukemia.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Marianne has small, bruise-like spots on her skin and a low platelet count. These blemishes are most likely
    A.pinpricks.
    B. blood blisters.
    C. petechiae.
    D. hematomas.
    E. anal fissures.

 

Difficulty Level: Apply/Analyze
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. The red blood cells of type AB blood have on their surfaces
    A.antigens A and B.
    B. antigen A only.
    C. antigen B only.
    D. neither antigens A nor B.
    E. different A and B antigens depending upon circumstances.

 

Difficulty Level: Apply/Analyze
Learning Outcome: 14.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. Which is the most rare ABO blood type in the US?
    A.A
    B. B
    C. AB
    D. O
    E. Rh

 

Difficulty Level: Apply/Analyze
Learning Outcome: 14.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. The distribution of ABO blood types among Korean Americans differs markedly from that of Native Americans in that
    A.Native Americans have about equal frequency of types O, A, and B, with 10% AB, whereas Korean Americans have mostly type O, with type AB very rare.
    B. nearly all Korean Americans are blood types A or B.
    C. nearly all Native Americans are type AB, with very few type O.
    D. Korean Americans have about equal frequency of types O, A, and B, with 10% AB, whereas Native Americans have mostly type O, with type AB very rare.
    E. Korean Americans have equal numbers of all four ABO blood types, whereas Native Americans have high frequencies of type O and type B.

 

Difficulty Level: Apply/Analyze
Learning Outcome: 14.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Erythroblastosis fetalis may occur in
    A.a second Rh-positive fetus developing in an Rh-negative woman.
    B. a first Rh-positive fetus developing in an Rh-negative woman.
    C. a second Rh-negative fetus developing in an Rh-negative woman.
    D. a first Rh-negative fetus developing in an Rh-negative woman.
    E. any fetus in an Rh-negative woman.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. What percentage of the US population is Rh negative?
    A.1.5% of Caucasians and 5% of African Americans
    B. 5% of Caucasians and 5% of African Americans
    C. 15% of Caucasians and 5% of African Americans
    D. 25% of the total population
    E. 33% of the total population.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Transfusions to the fetus and neonate with Rh-negative blood are to
    A.avoid a systemic clotting response.
    B. alleviate antigenic responses.
    C. provide a new blood type.
    D. prevent brain damage.
    E. prevent leukemia.

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Universal precautions are
    A.specific measures that astronauts take in space to avoid leaving microorganisms beyond the Earth.
    B. specific measures that health-care workers should take to prevent transmission of bloodborne pathogens in the workplace.
    C. rules used to avoid mismatched blood types in transfusions.
    D. the careful administration of clotting factors to stop bleeding during surgery.
    E. devising a synthetic blood that anyone can use.

 

Boxed Reading: Vignette
Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. The symptoms of porphyria variegata result from a defect in
    A.recycling of the prophyrin ring of hemoglobin in red blood cells.
    B. synthesis of clotting factors.
    C. recycling of bilirubin.
    D. lymphocyte production.
    E. platelet formation from megakaryocytes.

 

Boxed Reading: Clinical Application 14.1
Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Stacy has been tired and bruising easily, and she’s had three respiratory infections in the past few months. She has also had headaches and a few nosebleeds. A physician should check her for
    A.erythroblastosis fetalis.
    B. leukemia.
    C. sickle cell disease.
    D. edema.
    E. none of the above.

 

Boxed Reading: Clinical Application 14.2
Difficulty Level: Apply/Analyze
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. In leukemia
    A.the blood has too many immature leukocytes.
    B. the person has lowered resistance to infection.
    C. the blood has too few platelets
    D. the person has a tendency to bleed and bruise.
    E. all of the above.

 

Boxed Reading: Clinical Application 14.2
Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. On a long transcontinental flight, a middle-aged man gets up and exercises in the aisle, moving his hands, feet, arms, and legs as much as he can. He does this every two hours. The flight attendant asks him to sit down, but he explains that he is trying to prevent a very dangerous medical condition. He is talking about
    A.leukemia.
    B. deep vein thrombosis.
    C. aplastic anemia.
    D. thrombocytopenia.
    E. guinea worm infection.

 

Boxed Reading: Clinical Application 14.3
Difficulty Level: Apply/Analyze
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Risk factors for deep vein thrombosis are
    A.prolonged periods of staying still in one position.
    B. use of oral contraceptives or estrogen.
    C. recent abdominal surgery.
    D. dehydration.
    E. all of the above.

 

Boxed Reading: Clinical Application 14.3
Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Genotyping differs from serology in that
    A.genotyping detects diverse antigens, whereas serology detects the underlying genetic instructions for those antigens.
    B. serology detects diverse antigens, whereas genotyping detects the underlying genetic instructions for those antigens.
    C. genotyping requires a fresh blood sample whereas serology can be done on a dried sample.
    D. serology is faster.
    E. none of the above are true.

 

Boxed Reading: From Science to Technology 14.1
Difficulty Level: Evaluate/Create
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. Plasma comprises about 55% of the blood.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Blood is a type of epithelial tissue.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. An erythrocyte is about one-third hemoglobin by volume.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Macrophages destroy damaged red blood cells and their contents in the liver and spleen.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. In an adult, red blood cells are produced primarily in the liver.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. Vitamin B12 is important for the production of red blood cells because it is utilized in the synthesis of intrinsic factor.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty Level: Evaluate/Create
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. An abnormally low white blood cell count is called leukocytosis.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Basophils release histamine and heparin.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. A red blood cell contains a large nucleus; it is thicker near the center and thin around the rim of the cell.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Alpha globulin is the fraction of plasma proteins that contains antibodies.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. Nonprotein nitrogenous substances include amino acids, urea, uric acid, creatine, and creatinine.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Plasma is about 70% water.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Gamma globulins are antibodies.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. A platelet plug is formed when fibrinogen is converted to fibrin.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Fibrinogen is a soluble plasma protein, whereas fibrin is an insoluble protein in thread form.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. Heparin functions as an anticoagulant by interfering with the formation of prothrombin activator.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. People with type AB blood are sometimes called universal donors.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. The first blood transfusions were done in the 1900s.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The percentage of red blood cells in a blood sample is called the ______.
    hematocrit

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. When hemoglobin molecules are decomposed, a greenish pigment called ______ is formed.
    biliverdin

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. The hormone released from the kidneys that promotes the production of red blood cells is ______.
    erythropoietin

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Normally, the most common type of leukocyte in a blood sample is the ______.
    neutrophil

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. The test that determines the percentage of leukocyte types in a blood sample is the ______ white blood cell count.
    differential

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. ______ is a powerful anticoagulant that basophils and mast cells release.
    Heparin

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. The most abundant type of plasma protein is ______.
    albumin

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. Plasma is the color of _____.
    straw

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. The process that stops bleeding is __________.
    hemostasis

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. A blood clot that breaks loose and travels in the blood flow is called a(n) ______.
    embolus

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. The clumping of red blood cells that occurs when transfused blood is of an incompatible type is called ____________.
    agglutination

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

 

  1. A universal donor has blood type ____________.
    O

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

  1. A universal recipient has blood type ____________.
    AB

 

Difficulty Level: Remember/Understand
Learning Outcome: 14.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System