## Description

# Mastering Modern Psychological Testing 1st Edition Reynolds Livingston Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0205483501

ISBN-10: 020548350X

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# Below you will find some free nursing test bank questions from this test bank:

**Chapter 7 Test Questions**

** **

- Reliability relates to test ___________.
- items
- length
- scores X
- constructs

- On a maximum performance test administered to 100 students, 60 students correctly answer item #4. The item difficulty index equals:
- 40
- 60 X
- 40
- 60

- Item 10 on an exam had an item difficulty index equal to .00. From this information, one knows that:
- the item was very difficult and all students answered it incorrectly. X
- the item was very easy and all students answered it correctly.
- the item was of medium difficulty and half of the students answered it correctly.
- nothing since there is not enough information provided.

- Items with a difficulty index of _______ do not contribute to the measurement characteristics of a test.
- 25
- 50
- 75
- 0 X

- Your employer wants a test that will help him to select the upper 30% of employees to consider for new positions. It would be beneficial for the item difficulty index to average around:
- 20
- 30 X
- 70
- 80
- 90

- On ___________ tests, measures of item difficulty largely reflects the position of the item in the test.
- power
- typical response
- multidimensional
- speed X

- As a general rule, the authors of the chapter suggest that items with D values greater than ______ are acceptable.
- 25
- 30 X
- 50
- 70

- The item-total correlation is typically calculated using which correlation?
- Coefficient Alpha
- Pearson product moment correlation
- Point-biserial correlation X
- Spearman rank order correlation

- The item-total correlation for an item is 0.50. Which of the following interpretations is correct?
- 5% of the total test variance is predictable from performance on the item.
- 5% of the total test variance is predictable from performance on the item.
- 25% of the total test variance is predictable from performance on the item. X
- 75% of the total test variance is predictable from performance on the item.

- What is the optimal Item Difficulty Index on a test consisting of only constructed response items?
- 0
- 25
- 50 X
- 75
- 0

- What is the approximate optimal Item Difficulty Index for a multiple-choice item with 4 choices?
- 0
- 25
- 50
- 75 X
- 0

- A general recommendation is to use items with p values that have a range of approximately _________ around the optimal value.
- 05
- 10
- 15
- 20 X
- 25

- While the item difficulty index is only applicable for _____________, the percent endorsement statistic can be calculated for ____________.
- maximum performance tests; constructed-response tests
- maximum performance tests; typical-response tests X
- typical-response tests; constructed-response tests
- typical-response tests; maximum performance tests

- On a reading comprehension exam, the proportion of examinees in the top group that answered item 5 correctly equaled 0.70 and the proportion of examinees in the bottom group that answered item 5 correctly equaled 0.10. What is the discrimination index for item 5?
- 36
- 49
- 60 X
- 80

- When a test item has a discrimination index ______, it is considered to be acceptable by the chapter authors.
- greater than 0.30 X
- less than 0.30
- greater than 0.60
- less than 0.60

- A test item with a p = .70 and D = .45 is:
- relatively easy and discriminates well. X
- relatively easy and does not discriminate well.
- relatively difficult and discriminates well.
- relatively difficult and does not discriminate well.
- of intermediate difficulty and does not discriminate well.

- A test item with a p = .30 and D = .15 is:
- relatively easy and discriminates well.
- relatively easy and does not discriminate well.
- relatively difficult and does discriminate well.
- relatively difficult and does not discriminate well. X
- of intermediate difficulty and does not discriminate well.

- A test item with p = .80 and D = .40 is:
- relatively easy and discriminates well. X
- relatively easy and does not discriminate well.
- relatively difficult and does discriminate well.
- relatively difficult and does not discriminate well.
- of intermediate difficulty and does not discriminate well.

- A test item with p = .50 and D = .40 is:
- relatively easy and discriminates well
- relatively easy and does not discriminate well.
- relatively difficult and does discriminate well.
- relatively difficult and does not discriminate well.
- of intermediate difficulty and discriminates well. X

- In a class of 100 students, 70 answer item #4 correctly and 30 answer it incorrectly. What is the
*p*value of this item?- 30
- 40
- 49
- 70 X

- An effective distracter should be selected by:
- at least some examinees and demonstrate positive discrimination.
- at least some examinees and demonstrate negative discrimination. X
- no examinees and demonstrate zero discrimination.
- all examinees and demonstrate positive discrimination.

- Item difficulty and distracter analysis are related to:
- Classical Test Theory. X
- Factor Analytic Theory.
- Item Characteristic Curve Theory.
- Item Response Theory.

- An Item Characteristic Curve is a graph with ____________ reflected on the horizontal axis and ______________reflected on the vertical axis.
- ability; probability of a correct response X
- probability of a correct response; ability
- ability; probability of an incorrect response
- probability of an incorrect response; ability

- The one-parameter IRT model assumes that items only differ in:
- the chance of a random correct answer.
- X
- scree point.

- The ___________ IRT model takes into consideration the possibility of an examinee with no ‘ability’ answering the item correctly by chance.
- one-parameter
- Rasch model
- two-parameter
- three-parameter X

- On an Item Characteristic Curve, the point halfway between the lower and upper asymptotes is referred to as the __________ and represents the difficulty of the item.
- medial apex
- modal beta
- beta index
- inflection point X

- __________ illustrates the reliability of measurement at different points along the distribution.
- Classical Test Theory
- Item Characteristic Curve
- Reliability Curve
- Test Information Function X

- In a class of 100 students, only 20 answered item 10 correctly. The p value for this item equals:
- 20 X
- 40
- 64
- 80

- For item 21, pT is 0.80 and pB is 0.30. What is the value of D for this item?
- 20
- 25
- 50 X
- 70

- The optimal p value for a selected-response item with two choices is approximately:
- 55.
- 65.
- 75.
- 85. X

- It is reasonable to present items with p = 1.0 at the beginning of an exam to:
- enhance the overall variability of the exam.
- enhance examinees’ confidence.
- enhance the measurement characteristics of the exam.
- ensure examinees do not become overconfident.

- A test item’s statistics are displayed in the following table. Based on this data, what is the most obvious problem with this item?

p = 0.50 D = 0.14 |
Options | |||

Item #5 | A* | B | C | D |

Number in top group | 17 | 9 | 0 | 4 |

Number in bottom group | 13 | 6 | 2 | 9 |

* correct answer |

- All distracters are performing well but the item is too easy.
- Distracter B demonstrates positive discrimination and should be revised. X
- Distracter D demonstrates negative discrimination and should be revised.
- No problem, retain the item as is.

- A test analysis is displayed below. Based on this information, what is the most obvious problem?

p = 0.40 D = 0.54 |
Options | |||

Item #7 | A | B | C* | D |

Number in top group | 0 | 1 | 10 | 4 |

Number in bottom group | 4 | 3 | 2 | 6 |

* correct answer |

- All distracters are performing well but the item is too easy.
- Distracter B demonstrates negative discrimination and should be revised.
- Distracter A demonstrates negative discrimination and should be revised.
- No problem, retain the item as is. X

- A test analysis is displayed below. Based on this information, what is the most obvious problem?

p = 0.40 D = 0.13 |
Options | |||

Item #3 | A | B | C | D* |

Number in top group | 6 | 1 | 1 | 7 |

Number in bottom group | 2 | 4 | 4 | 5 |

* correct answer |

- All distracters are performing well.
- Distracter A displays positive discrimination and should be revised. X
- Distracter B displays positive discrimination and should be revised.
- No problem, retain the item as is.

- Which of the following was described as a qualitative approach to item analysis?
- Set the test aside and review at a later time.
- Have a colleague review the test.
- Allow examinees to provide feedback.
- All of the above. X

- Which of the following statements regarding p values is correct?
- They can range from -1.0 to 1.0.
- Items with a high p value are more difficult.
- Items with a low p value are more difficult. X
- Items with a p value of 1.0 were answered incorrectly by all students.

- Items with a value of _____ and ______ do not contribute to the variability of test scores.
- -1.0; 0.00
- 00; 1.0 X
- -1.0; 1.0

- Item difficulty indexes on mastery tests tend to be ________ item difficulty indexes on tests designed to produce norm-referenced scores.
- larger than X
- lower than
- equal to

- The optimal p value for a true/false items is approximately:
- 55.
- 65.
- 75.
- 85. X

- How can reliability be reduced with many items close to a p value of 1.0?
- The total score is transformed in an oblique manner.
- The total score is an area transformation.
- This results in a restricted range of scores. X
- This results in an artificially inflated validity coefficient.