Medical Terminology Simplified 4th Edition Gylys Masters Test Bank
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Below you will find some free nursing test bank questions from this test bank:
Chapter 10- Musculoskeletal System
|1.||What is the the group of genetic diseases characterized by gradual atrophy and weakness of muscle tissue?|
|2.||Which type of fracture results when the broken ends of a bone are forced into one another?|
|3.||Select the term that has an opposite meaning of osteosclerosis.|
|E)||none of the above|
|4.||Which of the following words is in its plural form?|
|E)||A and B only|
|5.||The term myotomy means incision of:|
|A)||the bone marrow|
|D)||the spinal cord|
|6.||What is an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine called?|
|7.||Which muscle action indicates movement away from the midline of the body?|
|8.||A patient with lumbodynia has pain in the:|
|9.||Eversion of the foot refers to:|
|A)||moving the sole of the foot inward|
|B)||moving the sole of the foot upward|
|C)||moving the foot outward|
|D)||both A and B|
|E)||both A and C|
|10.||Trauma to a joint that causes injury to the surrounding ligament is called:|
|11.||A person with inflammation of a joint experiences:|
|12.||A disease in children in which an inefficient mineralization of the bone-forming tissue causes deformities is:|
|13.||Intercostal muscles are located between the:|
|A)||vertebrae and ribs|
|14.||The atlas supports the skull and is the:|
|A)||first cervical vertebra|
|B)||first thoracic vertebra|
|C)||first lumbar vertebra|
|15.||Cervicofacial refers to the face and:|
|16.||The medical term for suture of a bone is:|
|17.||Where is the Achilles tendon located?|
|18.||The function of a tendon is to attach:|
|A)||bone to bone|
|B)||muscle to bone|
|C)||muscle to muscle|
|D)||cartilage to bone|
|E)||vertebra to vertebra|
|19.||What is the anatomical term that refers to the tail of the vertebral column?|
|20.||Congenital deformity of the foot, also called clubfoot, is:|
|21.||The second vertebra is identified as:|
|22.||An individual with quadriplegia has paralysis of:|
|A)||one upper extremity|
|B)||both upper extremities|
|C)||one lower extremity|
|D)||both lower extremities|
|23.||What is the disease characterized by excessive uric acid called?|
|24.||The term spondylitis refers to an inflammation of the:|
|25.||A directional word meaning near the point of attachment to the trunk is:|
|26.||A physician who specializes in the use of x-rays for diagnosis and treatment of disease is a:|
|E)||B and D|
|27.||What is an excessive amount of calcium in the blood called?|
|28.||Another name for osteitis deformans is:|
|29.||Intervertebral disks are composed of:|
|30.||Site where hematopoiesis occurs is the:|
|31.||What is the combining form that refers to the thigh bone?|
|32.||What is the type of fracture in which the bone has injured another organ, such as a broken rib piercing a lung, called?|
|33.||What is the surgical procedure to relieve symptoms of a ruptured disc?|
|34.||All of the following are bones of the vertebral column EXCEPT:|
|35.||What is the term that refers to the shaft of a long bone?|
|36.||What progressive, autoimmune, neuromuscular disorder is characterized by severe muscle weakness and progressive fatigue?|
|37.||What is the surgical procedure to repair a joint?|
|38.||Which term describes a slipping or subluxation of a vertebrae?|
|E)||none of the above|
|39.||What is the bone of the upper arm called?|
|40.||Fibrosis of connective tissue in skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility is:|
|41.||What is a segment of necrosed bone called?|
|42.||The plural form of pelvis is:|
|43.||Two main divisions of the skeleton are the axial and the ___________ skeleton:|
|44.||What is the type of fracture called when a bone breaks and splinters into pieces?|
|45.||All of the following are true about the femur EXCEPT:|
|A)||longest bone in the body|
|B)||strongest bone in the body|
|C)||bone of the lower leg|
|D)||articulates with hip bone|
|E)||known as thigh bone|
Use the following to answer questions 46-57:
Match the combining forms with their meanings.
|49.||stiffness; bent, crooked|
|51.||neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)|
|52.||bone marrow; spinal cord|
Use the following to answer questions 58-75:
Match the medical words with their definitions.
carpal tunnel syndrome
rotator cuff injuries
total hip arthroplasty
|58.||Immobility of a joint|
|59.||Pain or numbness resulting from compression of wrist canal through which the tendons and nerve pass|
|Ans:||carpal tunnel syndrome|
|60.||Fibrosis of connective tissue in skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility|
|61.||Grating sound made by movement of bone ends rubbing together indicating joint destruction|
|62.||Malignant tumor that develops from bone marrow; occurs most frequently in adolescent boys|
|63.||Hereditary metabolic disease that is a form of acute arthritis characterized by excessive uric acid in the blood and around the joints|
|64.||Rupture of the nucleus pulposus between two vertebrae|
|65.||Skeletal disease affecting elderly people; also called osteitis deformans|
|66.||Chronic, systemic disease characterized by inflammatory changes in joints and related structures resulting in crippling deformities|
|67.||Fragment of a necrosed bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue|
|68.||Increased curvature of the thoracic region of the vertebral column, leading to a humpback posture|
|69.||Abnormal sideward curvature of the spine, either to the left or to the right|
|70.||Autoimmune neuromuscular disorder characterized by severe muscular weakness and progressive fatigue|
|71.||Damage incurred to the capsule of the shoulder joint that is reinforced by muscles and tendons|
|Ans:||rotator cuff injuries|
|72.||Trauma to a muscle from overuse or excessive forcible stretch|
|73.||Puncture of a joint space with a needle to remove fluid|
|74.||Visual examination of the interior of a joint performed by inserting an endoscope through a small incision|
|75.||Replacement of the femur and acetabulum with metal components|
|Ans:||total hip arthroplasty|