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Nursing Research Generating and Assessing 9th Edition Polit Beck Test Bank

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Nursing Research Generating and Assessing 9th Edition Polit Beck Test Bank

 

ISBN-13: 978-1605477084

ISBN-10: 1605477087

 

Description

Nursing Research Generating and Assessing 9th Edition Polit Beck Test Bank

 

ISBN-13: 978-1605477084

ISBN-10: 1605477087

 

 

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Nursing Research: Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice

Denise F. Polit PhD FAAN (Author), Cheryl Tatano Beck DNSc CNM FAAN (Author)

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 9e

Converted From Electronic Source – 12/11/2010

 

This Test Bank Corresponds to the Instructor Edition and Supplements of the Text Book

 

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE.  Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1)Reducing the burden of illness and disability, improving health-related quality of life, and improving clinical environments is the mission of: 1) _______

A)Committee for Utilization of Research in Nursing.

B)Sigma Theta Tau International.

C)National Institute of Nursing Research.

D)ANA Cabinet on Nursing Research.

 

SHORT ANSWER.  Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

2)Compare basic and applied research. What are the similarities and differences between these two types of research? 2)  _____________

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE.  Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

3)Research that is conducted in order to find a solution to an immediate clinical problem is referred to as: 3) _______

A)Quantitative research. B) Qualitative research.

C)Basic research. D) Applied research.

 

SHORT ANSWER.  Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

4)Not all nurses who are involved in research are involved in nursing research. Identify some of the reasons for this. 4)  _____________

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE.  Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

5)For which role in a research study is special research preparation necessary? 5) _______

A)Evaluator of research findings.

B)Identifier of researchable problems.

C)Patient advocate during studies.

D)Principal investigator for study.

 

6)The major goal of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society for Nursing is: 6) _______

A)Supporting collaborative research by nurses.

B)Providing funding for nursing research.

C)Identifying research priorities for nursing.

D)Encouraging doctoral education for nurses.

 

7)There are many reasons that research is important to the nursing profession. The ultimate goal of nursing research is to: 7) _______

A)Promote evidence-based practice in nursing.

B)Ensure credibility of the nursing profession.

C)Document the cost-effectiveness of nursing care.

D)Provide accountability for the nursing profession.

 

8)The most valid means of developing the knowledge base of nursing is through: 8) _______

A)Outcomes research. B) Qualitative research.

C)Evidence-based practice. D) Scientific research.

 

9)Florence Nightingale is considered the first nurse researcher because she: 9) _______

A)Collected data in a systematic fashion.

B)Changed nursing by basing her practice on her research findings.

C)Identified a body of knowledge unique to Nursing.

D)Communicated the data collected to other nurses.

 

10)There are different ways of acquiring knowledge. Trying various approaches to solve a problem until an effective approach is identified is: 10) ______

A)Inductive reasoning. B) Trial and error.

C)Reality testing. D) Deduction.

 

11)There are different roles for nurses involved in research based on their level of education. Which best describes the role of the BSN-prepared nurse in research? 11) ______

A)Assumes the role of primary investigator in a research study.

B)Critiques research studies to determine utilization in practice.

C)Initiates the development of a research study.

D)Collaborates with other nurses to design research studies.

 

12)The National Institute for Nursing Research (NINR) establishes research priorities. According to these 2005 priorities, the highest research priority is: 12) ______

A)The number of students entering nursing programs.

B)The effects of chronic illness on patients’ quality of life.

C)The effect of RN staffing on the safety of hospitalized patients.

D)The job satisfaction level of currently employed nurses.

 

13)A TV ad is recruiting subjects for free medical exams and medications and an incentive of $500 for participating in a study on the effects of depression in young adults. This recruitment best describes: 13) ______

A)Informed consent. B) Balance of risk-benefit ratio.

C)Confidentiality. D) Coercion.

 

14)An institution that receives research monies from the federal government must have: 14) ______

A)An Ethics Committee.

B)An Institutional Review Board.

C)An Evidence-Based Practice Committee.

D)A Nursing Research Committee.

 

SHORT ANSWER.  Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

15)Describe the process of subject selection for a research project. 15)  _____________

 

16)The American Nurses Association Research and Studies Commission developed ethical guidelines for nurses who are involved in research. Identify and discuss the responsibilities of a nurse caring for a patient who is a subject in a research study. 16)  _____________

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE.  Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

17)Which of the following groups would be considered a vulnerable population for a research project? 17) ______

A)An adult hospitalized with cancer.

B)A hospitalized infant.

C)The mentally ill.

D)A 24-year-old trauma victim.

 

18)A hospitalized patient is approached by a researcher and recruited to be a subject in a study. The subject readily agrees to participate in the study. This is an example of: 18) ______

A)Coercion. B) Anonymity.

C)Informed consent. D) Protection from harm.

 

19)Patients are recruited for a study on a new method of controlling postoperative nausea and vomiting. All information about the treatment including side effects, therapeutic effects, and potential risks are explained in the recruitment process. This describes: 19) ______

A)Debriefing.

B)Unethical behavior by the researcher.

C)Informed consent.

D)Coercion.

 

20)When a subject’s identity cannot be linked to the individual responses, even by the researcher, the subject has: 20) ______

A)Respect. B) Privacy.

C)Anonymity. D) Confidentiality.

 

21)A study was conducted to evaluate staff nurses’ perceptions of a good nurse manager. The researcher shared the actual responses with the managers. This best describes a violation of: 21) ______

A)Anonymity. B) Coercion.

C)Informal consent. D) Confidentiality.

 

22)Which ethics group developed the Belmont Report, which identified and defined the ethical principles of respect for persons, beneficence, and justice? 22) ______

A)HIPAA (Health Issues Protection Act)

B)U.S. Department of Health and Human Service.

C)The Nuremberg Code.

D)National Commission for Protection of Human Subjects.

 

23)The Nuremberg Code requires that research must be for the good of society. The ethical principle this reflects is: 23) ______

A)Payment to subjects.

B)Cooperation from research subjects.

C)Anonymity of a subject’s responses.

D)Balance between risks and benefits of a study.

 

24)The main ethical violation in the Tuskegee study of untreated syphilis was: 24) ______

A)Anonymity. B) Confidentiality.

C)Coercion. D) Lack of informed consent.

 

25)The purpose of a review of literature in a quantitative research study includes all of the following except: 25) ______

A)To help develop a theoretical or conceptual framework for the study.

B)To assist in the identification of data collection tools to measure the study variables.

C)To determine the purpose of conducting a study.

D)To identify what is already known on the topic of the study.

 

26)Variables are characteristics that can change or vary. An operational definition of a variable in a study is: 26) ______

A)The identification of how the variable is defined in the study.

B)The identification of how the variable will be measured in a study.

C)The definition of the variable and the identification of the specific group to be studied.

D)The identification of how data will be collected in a study.

 

SHORT ANSWER.  Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

27)Discuss the importance of acknowledging the limitations of a study. 27)  _____________

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE.  Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

28)In the hypothesis, “Premature infants who receive skin-skin tactile stimulation gain weight at a more rapid rate than premature infants who do not receive skin-skin tactile stimulation,” the independent variable is: 28) ______

A)Rapid weight gain. B) Skin-skin tactile stimulation.

C)Weight gain. D) Premature infants.

 

29)The term used to describe concepts that are manipulated, measured, and controlled in a study is: 29) ______

A)Research purpose. B) Research attributes.

C)Research questions. D) Research variables.

 

30)In a quantitative research study, the plan for how the study is to be conducted is: 30) ______

A)Research design.

B)Research question.

C)Hypothesis.

D)Operational definition of variable.

 

SHORT ANSWER.  Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

31)Discuss reasons for conducting a pilot study. 31)  _____________

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE.  Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

32)Utilization of the findings of a study should best be recommended by: 32) ______

A)An evidence-based practice group.

B)The researcher.

C)A panel of experts.

D)Nurses who read the study.

 

33)To which of the following groups should findings from a study be generalized? 33) ______

A)The target population. B) The population.

C)The study subject. D) The accessible population.

 

34)The initial and often most difficult step in a research study is: 34) ______

A)Identification of a problem to be studied.

B)Identification of the purpose of the study.

C)Identification of the relationship between the variables to be studied.

D)Identification of the population to be studied.

 

35)Triangulation in research is defined as: 35) ______

A)Use of research findings.

B)Collecting data on more than one variable in a study.

C)Promoting inter-disciplinary collaboration in research.

D)Using multiple methods in a research study.

 

36)In which type of study does data analysis begin with collection of data? 36) ______

A)Quantitative. B) Qualitative.

C)Correlational. D) Descriptive.

 

SHORT ANSWER.  Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

37)Compare and contrast the reasons for conducting a review of literature in quantitative and qualitative research. 37)  _____________

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE.  Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

38)There is concern that interest in EBP has contributed to a decline in qualitative studies in nursing. This decline is attributed to the fact that: 38) ______

A)Nurse researchers are not interested in conducting qualitative research.

B)Qualitative research does not examine phenomena of interest to nurses.

C)Findings of qualitative studies are not applicable to nursing practice.

D)Qualitative researchers are not communicating strategies for utilizing study findings.

 

39)Qualitative researchers are generally more interested in relevance of findings than in objectivity and generalizability. This is most directly related to: 39) ______

A)The belief that each subject is most knowledgeable about the topic under study.

B)Increasing the reliability and external validity of the findings.

C)Increasing the reliability and internal validity of the findings.

D)Enhancing the credibility of replicating the study.

 

40)The development of a cultural theory in is the main purpose of: 40) ______

A)Grounded Theory. B) Phenomenology.

C)Ethnography. D) Historical Studies.

 

41)Analysis of data in qualitative studies flows from content analysis which includes: 41) ______

A)Establishing the significance of numerical data.

B)Making inferences about a population from a sample.

C)Developing rules for coding data into categories.

D)Using preestablished rules for analyzing data.

 

42)The purposes for the review of literature in qualitative research is to: 42) ______

A)A need to locate/situate findings in an existing theory.

B)A need to follow the steps in the process in a consistent way.

C)A need to eliminate bias in interpretation of study results.

D)A need of qualitative nurse researchers to focus predominantly on theory rather than on previous research.

 

SHORT ANSWER.  Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

43)Identify and discuss the reasons that qualitative research is important to nursing. 43)  _____________

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE.  Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

44)Which of the following studies could be easily replicated? 44) ______

A)Various strategies for pain relief.

B)Caring for a demented spouse.

C)Parents living with a premature infant.

D)Fathers’ experiences in the delivery room.

 

SHORT ANSWER.  Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

45)Complete the following statement.

Problem statement criteria should be written in ________ form, ________ testable, and should include the ________ and the ________. 45)  _____________

 

46)Describe the criteria to be considered when writing a problem statement. 46)  _____________

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE.  Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

47)Select the statement that includes population and variable(s), and is empirically testable. 47) ______

A)What were the experiences of psychiatric nurses before and after introduction of antipsychotic medications?

B)Should hospitalized clients be allowed to take medications brought from home?

C)What is the lived experience of women who have survived aggressive breast cancer for five years?

D)Will a cardiac client’s heart rate decrease when listening to calming music?

 

48)Select the problem statement that meets criteria for a problem statement and contains all the necessary elements. 48) ______

A)Is there a correlation between exercise and pulse rates?

B)Is there a correlation between perception of pain and noise level?

C)Is there a difference in male body weight after exercise?

D)Is there a difference in insomnia between men and women?

 

49)Which of the following nursing research problems most likely based upon a nurse’s personal experiences? 49) ______

A)Establishing that a nursing intervention is just as effective in an acute care setting as it was in a clinic.

B)Demonstrating that saline is equally effective as a heparin solution in keeping intravenous ” locks” patent.

C)Proposing that nursing as it was practiced at the time of Florence Nightingale is evident in nursing as it was practiced in the 20th century.

D)Determining whether a proposition that centeredness of decision-making varies throughout the course of an adult client’s hospitalization applies to clients over the age of 67.

 

50)Of the following topical phrases, which is most appropriate for a research study? 50) ______

A)The time that a nurse spends with a client in isolation as compared with the time that a nurse spends with a client who is not on isolation precautions

B)The effectiveness of caring behaviors as the most significant influence on the quality of a newly graduated nurse’s orientation experience

C)The birth rate in a city nine months after a power failure

D)The accuracy of axillary temperatures as compared with rectal temperatures of infants

 

51)Which of the following questions predicts the outcome of the study? 51) ______

A)Is there a relationship between self-esteem and choice of career?

B)To what extent does providing preoperative teaching to transplant clients affect level of anxiety after surgery?

C)Is there a relationship between anxiety levels of undergraduate nursing students and paper-pencil test scores?

D)Is there a strong correlation between age and learning in older adults?

 

52)From the following statements, identify the problem statement that is most clearly written. 52) ______

A)Is there a difference between clients who have received conscious sedation prior to general anesthesia?

B)Is there a difference between amount of motivation and study time and passing NCLEX-RN on the first attempt?

C)Is there a correlation between the type of nursing education and the type of nursing practice selected by two-year and four-year undergraduate nursing students upon graduation?

D)Do associate degree graduates require less time to complete nursing skills and document care?

 

SHORT ANSWER.  Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

53)What is the difference between the problem statement of a research study and the purpose statement of a research study? 53)  _____________

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE.  Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

54)Which of the following statements is phrased as a problem for a quantitative study? 54) ______

A)What will decrease the recovery time of clients who are undergoing a major surgical procedure?

B)Is music as effective as beta blockers in improving cardiac output in clients who have been hospitalized after suffering a myocardial infarction?

C)What will increase the quality of life of terminally ill clients?

D)Is the best method for improving the life of caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer’s disease known?

 

SHORT ANSWER.  Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

55)Why should a researcher read primary rather than secondary sources? 55)  _____________

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE.  Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

56)The correct reference citation for an internet site is: 56) ______

A)The same information used to reference a published journal article.

B)The date the page was viewed and it’s exact location on the web.

C)The date the webpage was placed on the internet.

D)The domain and the website address.

 

57)The database that examines the best evidence available in the literature about health care interventions is: 57) ______

A)Cochrane database of systematic reviews.

B)CINAHL.

C)Medline Plus.

D)OVID.

 

58)You are conducting a review of literature and need to access the library at a professional organization. The URL which indicates the correct domain is: 58) ______

A).gov B) .biz C) .org D) .edu

 

59)Which of the following internet search engines would results in the largest collection of files? 59) ______

A)Lycos. B) Yahoo. C) Dogpile. D) Google.