Principles and Foundations of Health Promotion 5th Edition Cottrell Girvan McKenzie Test Bank
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Principles and Foundations of Health Education and Promotion, 5e (Cottrell et al.)
Chapter 7 The Settings for Health Education/Promotion
1) Which of the following is not one of the four major settings in which health education specialists usually work?
- A) Community/public health agencies
- B) Hospitals/clinics
- C) Business/industry
- D) Insurance companies
2) Teaching school age children about health and health-related behaviors would most likely be done by someone with professional preparation in
- A) community/public health education.
- B) worksite health education.
- C) hospital/clinic health education.
- D) school health education.
3) The best place to influence positive health-related change in the lives of youth and to reach both health and education goals is through health education efforts in which setting?
- A) Schools
- B) Hospitals/clinics
- C) Community/public health agencies
- D) Insurance companies
4) The initial impetus for school health stemmed from the terrible epidemics of the 1800s and the efforts of the
- A) Women’s Christian Temperance Movement.
- B) American Cancer Society.
- C) American School Health Association.
- D) American Public Health Association.
5) In addition to providing classroom instruction, the school health education specialist should also take a leadership role in the development of
- A) safe playgrounds.
- B) school health policies.
- C) hands-free restrooms.
- D) no-gum policies.
6) When comparing health education in the 1920s with the 1990s it is obvious that
- A) the level of sophistication has remained unchanged over time.
- B) the level of sophistication has increased over time.
- C) the level of sophistication has decreased over time.
- D) the level of professional training needed to teach has remained the same.
7) “An integrated set of planned, sequential, school-affiliated strategies, activities, and services designed to promote the optimal physical, emotional, social, and educational development of students” best describes
- A) comprehensive school health education.
- B) a coordinated school health program.
- C) a wellness program.
- D) action oriented school based health education.
8) Each of the following is a National Health Education Standard EXCEPT
- A) access valid information and products and services to enhance health.
- B) practice health-enhancing behaviors and avoid or reduce health risks.
- C) act as a resource person to enhance health.
- D) use decision-making skills to enhance health.
9) Which of the following are created by concerned citizens to deal with health needs not met by governmental agencies?
- A) Public health departments
- B) Private health departments
- C) Community agencies
- D) Voluntary health agencies
10) All of the following are voluntary health agencies EXCEPT
- A) the American Cancer Society.
- B) the American Lung Association.
- C) the Food and Drug Administration.
- D) the American Heart Association.
11) Which of the following are official governmental health agencies usually financed through public tax moneys.
- A) Public health agencies
- B) Private health departments
- C) Community agencies
- D) State professional associations
12) A disadvantage to working in voluntary health agencies is that
- A) there is very little variety in the job.
- B) volunteers may not demonstrate the same level of commitment as paid employees.
- C) it is a low-profile job.
- D) there is limited focus on prevention.
13) “Healthy People in Healthy Communities” is the vision for
- A) the US Public Health Service.
- B) Healthy People 2010.
- C) the National Institutes of Health.
- D) the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
14) According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, in 2003 ________ percent of employers with 50 or more employees offered at least one health promotion activity.
- A) 20
- B) 40
- C) 60
- D) 80
15) Worksites have become interested in offering employees health education programs for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
- A) the increased employer related health care costs.
- B) the amount of time employees spend at work each week.
- C) behavioral issues of employees that impact their work quality.
- D) the increased availability of health education specialists skilled in offering services in this setting.
16) According to the Wellness Councils of America, the benefits of worksite health promotion programs
- A) are questionable.
- B) are unresearched.
- C) are no longer a matter of speculation—they have been proven.
- D) are very soft and do not create dollar savings.
17) Which of the following is typically not considered a disadvantage of working as a health education specialist at a worksite setting?
- A) Long irregular hours
- B) Lack of upward mobility
- C) Job satisfaction
- D) Priority given to health promotion programs
18) Peabody and Linnan (2007) recommend that those wanting careers in the worksite setting consider getting one of the following combinations of degrees
- A) health promotion and nutrition sciences.
- B) public health and health promotion.
- C) exercise physiology and worksite wellness management.
- D) nursing and worksite wellness management.
19) Which of the following health care settings have been most receptive to hiring health education specialists?
- A) Large urban hospitals
- B) Preferred provider organizations (PPOs)
- C) Traditional insurance companies such as Blue Cross/Blue Shield
- D) Health maintenance organizations (HMOs)
20) Which of the following would a health education specialist be least likely to do in a health care setting?
- A) Provide health promotion programs for patients
- B) Provide health promotion programs for hospital employees
- C) Provide health promotion programs for the community
- D) Provide patient counseling on insurance needs
21) A major barrier that has prevented health education specialists from being used extensively in patient education is
- A) the inconsistent professional preparation of health educators.
- B) a lack of reimbursement for health education services from insurance companies.
- C) an unwillingness of doctors to utilize health educators.
- D) that most health educators do not want to work with sick people.
22) Which of the following is not a typical job responsibility for a health education specialists in a university health service or wellness center?
- A) Planning programs
- B) Maintaining a resource library
- C) Conducting research
- D) Developing and coordinating a peer education program
23) According to the text, one of the best ways to initiate a career in international health is to
- A) double major in foreign language.
- B) join the military.
- C) join the Peace Corps.
- D) be a foreign exchange student..
24) Which health education setting requires health education specialists to acquire a diverse set of skills and be adaptable?
- A) K-12 schools
- B) Worksite
- C) Health education in colleges/universities
- D) International health
25) Establishing and maintaining a wide range of contacts in the field that may be of help when looking for a job and in carrying out one’s job responsibilities once hired. This is known as
- A) networking.
- B) working the field.
- C) contact structuring.
- D) contact harvesting.
26) A body of evidence that enables students to demonstrate to prospective employers mastery of desired course or program outcomes is known as a
- A) portfolio.
- B) project file.
- C) program folder.
- D) program scrapbook.
27) All of the following are recommended when trying to land that first job EXCEPT
- A) obtaining the best grades possible.
- B) limiting a job search to one or two key employers.
- C) volunteering time in the desired setting.
- D) obtaining good internship and practicum placements.
28) Which of the following is seen is the most important aspect in the job search?
- A) Relationships with faculty
- B) Professional portfolio
- C) Resume
- D) Personal phone message
29) New professionals wishing to seek jobs in health education should
- A) create a Facebook account to keep friends and family informed of the job seeking process.
- B) “tweet” following each interview to gain support from family and friends.
- C) be careful of what is placed on social networking websites.
- D) discontinue any social networking accounts to avoid potential employers viewing them.
30) Professionals working in health and medical recommend employees wishing to have job success should
- A) develop a thick skin in order to handle constructive criticism.
- B) continuously show how one adds value to the organization.
- C) create friendships with co-workers.
- D) seek opportunities to work independently on tasks.
31) In 2009 there were fewer than 50,000 health education specialists employed in the United States.
32) Conducting health education in a variety of settings is important as it allows health education specialists to reach the greatest number of people in the most convenient, efficient, and effective ways possible.
33) The goals of health education and the skills needed to carry out the responsibilities of a health education specialist vary greatly from setting to setting.
34) School health mandates have been loosely enforced by states.
35) Health education teachers have often been well qualified for the health classroom.
36) It is not uncommon for a school health education specialist to be involved in sponsoring school clubs, advising the yearbook, or chaperoning dances.
37) An advantage to working in school health is that health education specialists enjoy a relatively high status in a school district when compared to teachers of more traditional subjects such as math, science, and English.
38) An advantage to working in school health is that it provides health educators with the potential to prevent harmful health behaviors from forming instead of working with older people after such behaviors have been formed.
39) According to the Joint Committee on National Health Education Standards (2007), the goal of health education in schools is to help students become health literate.
40) Most voluntary health agencies, run entirely by volunteers, are responsible for administration, volunteer recruitment and coordination, program development, and fund-raising.
41) According to the authors, community health education specialists and public health education specialists have similar skill sets and compete for similar jobs.
42) Health departments may be organized by the city, county, state, or federal government.
43) More diversity in terms of job responsibilities exists in the community/public health education setting than the other major settings in which health educators are employed.
44) Employers are in a key role related to health and wellness issues for approximately 80% of the U.S. population.
45) All worksite health promotion activities can basically be considered educational activities.
46) A lack of upward mobility is often a disadvantage to working in worksite health promotion settings.
47) The passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is proving to have a significant impact on worksite health promotion.
48) As early as 2014, employers will be permitted to provide employee rewards such as insurance premium discounts.
49) Patient education has emerged as the most common area of responsibility for health educators within health care settings.
50) With increased emphasis on cost cutting measures in the health care system and movement toward more managed care, it is likely that prevention, and thus health education, will take a higher profile in the future.
51) Schools often adopt a “team” approach to health education where doctors, nurses, physical therapists, and other health specialists are all part of the team.
52) Poor credibility and low community profile are typical disadvantages for health education specialists working in health care settings.
53) An undergraduate student gaining experience in a peer education program will graduate with an increased likelihood of obtaining a job at a university health/wellness center.
54) The minimum qualification for working as a faculty member in the college/university setting is usually a PhD in health education.
55) When working as a health education specialist in developing countries, the health problems one confronts are essentially the same as those in more developed countries.
56) Internships and practicums give students their first real look at employment settings, but are relatively unimportant in landing that first job.
57) The grades one achieves in college are of little importance to employers as long as one has the bachelor’s degree.
58) An MPH credential is a recommended asset when landing that first job.
59) Service learning is for high school students that have repeatedly broken school rules.
60) Organized service learning opportunities provide course credit for students to work with a community agency to meet an identified community need.
61) A portfolio is a series of student pictures that chronologically display the student’s college years.
62) In order to make job connections, a student member of a professional organization should attend meetings and conferences.
63) Joining a professional organization is important for the professional growth and development of a health education specialist, but is not important to prospective employers.
64) To be considered a good employee and health education specialist you must meet the minimum requirements.
65) To excel as a health education specialist you must go the extra mile and do the unexpected as well as the expected.
66) Compare and contrast any two health education employment settings in terms of major responsibilities.
67) Compare and contrast any two health education employment settings in terms of their relative advantages and disadvantages.
68) Select the one health education setting you believe has the greatest potential for growth in the next ten years. Provide at least two reasons for your choice based upon information presented in the text or class.
69) Based on the text, list five things you can do as a student to increase your chances of landing a good first job upon graduation.
70) Natalie is a health education student. Her high school friend, Tammy, recently sent an e-mail expressing an interest in an international health education career. Tammy wants to know what information Natalie has about this area of study. Based on what you have learned from the text and class notes, draft Natalie’s reply to Tammy.