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Seeleys Principles of Anatomy and Physiology 2nd Edition Tate Test Bank

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Seeleys Principles of Anatomy and Physiology 2nd Edition Tate Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0073378190

ISBN-10: 0073378194

 

Description

Seeleys Principles of Anatomy and Physiology 2nd Edition Tate Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0073378190

ISBN-10: 0073378194

 

 

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Below you will find some free nursing test bank questions from this test bank:

Chapter 16 Test Bank

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. Which of the following is NOT a function of the blood which helps to maintain homeostasis?

A. Transport of hormones and enzymes

 

B. Regulate pH

 

C. Synthesis of Vitamin D

 

D. Clot formation

 

2. Blood is composed of

A. Formed elements and plasma

 

B. Unformed elements and plasma

 

C. Formed and unformed elements

 

D. Plasma only

 

3. Formed elements make up _____________ of the blood.

A. 55%

 

B. 25%

 

C. 95%

 

D. 45%

 

4. The most abundant substance in blood is

A. Red blood cells

 

B. Water

 

C. Neutrophils

 

D. Albumin

 

5. What protein is found in the plasma?

A. Collagen

 

B. Albumin

 

C. Amylase

 

D. Mucus

 

6. Antibodies are a class of this type of blood protein.

A. Albumin

 

B. Fibrinogen

 

C. Globulin

 

D. All of the above are correct

 

7. Which of the following is NOT an example of a formed element?

A. Plasma

 

B. Red blood cell

 

C. Platelet

 

D. White blood cell

 

8. Which of the following is the most numerous formed element?

A. White blood cell

 

B. Plasma

 

C. Platelet

 

D. Red blood cell

 

9. Which formed element is involved with immunity?

A. Leukocyte

 

B. Plasma

 

C. Thrombocyte

 

D. Erythrocyte

 

10. Which formed element transports oxygen and carbon dioxide?

A. Leukocyte

 

B. Plasma

 

C. Thrombocyte

 

D. Erythrocyte

 

11. Which formed element is a cell fragment?

A. Leukocyte

 

B. Plasma

 

C. Thrombocyte

 

D. Erythrocyte

 

12. The process of blood cell production is called

A. Homeostasis

 

B. Hemostasis

 

C. Erythrostasis

 

D. Hematopoiesis

 

13. In adults blood cell formation occurs in the

A. Gray matter of the brain

 

B. Liver

 

C. Red bone marrow

 

D. Heart

 

14. The stem cells of all formed elements is the

A. Erythroblast

 

B. Hemocytoblast

 

C. Megakaryoblast

 

D. Myeloblast

 

15. The development of each blood cell line is regulated by

A. Insulin

 

B. Nitric oxide

 

C. Sulfuric acid

 

D. Growth factors

 

16. Growth factors for regeneration of red bone marrow are used to counter the effects of

A. Chemotherapy in cancer treatment

 

B. Acid reflex in ulcer treatment

 

C. Loss of circulation in hypothermia

 

D. Cirrhosis of the liver in alcoholics

 

17. A myeloblast differentiates into

A. Neutrophils

 

B. Eosinophils

 

C. Basophils

 

D. All of the above are correct

 

18. Red blood cells are

A. Spherical

 

B. Biconcave

 

C. Flatten

 

D. Cuboidal

 

19. Red blood cells live for approximately

A. 10 minutes

 

B. 10 days

 

C. 120 days

 

D. 1 year

 

20. One-third of the volume of the red blood cell is composed of what red pigmented protein?

A. Erythropoietin

 

B. Hemoglobin

 

C. Antibodies

 

D. Thromboplastin

 

21. Hemoglobin is composed of

A. Four polypeptides

 

B. Four heme groups

 

C. DNA

 

D. Both four polypeptides and four heme groups

 

22. The heme group in red blood cells contain this metal.

A. Iron

 

B. Lead

 

C. Copper

 

D. Sodium

 

23. Hemoglobin combines with __________ and appears bright red in color.

A. Carbon dioxide

 

B. Oxygen

 

C. Water

 

D. Chloride

 

24. Red blood cells transport carbon dioxide bound to the

A. Heme group

 

B. Iron atom

 

C. Amino groups of the globin molecule

 

D. None of the answers are correct

 

25. What percent of the oxygen is transported in the body by red blood cells?

A. 1.5%

 

B. 23%

 

C. 70%

 

D. 98.5%

 

26. What percent of the carbon dioxide is transported in the body by red blood cells?

A. 7%

 

B. 23%

 

C. 70%

 

D. 98.5%

 

27. In the red blood cells, carbon dioxide combines with water to form carbonic acid which dissociates into hydrogen and bicarbonate ions. What enzyme is responsible for this reaction?

A. Acetylcholinesterase

 

B. RNA polymerase

 

C. Carbonic anhydrase

 

D. All of the above are correct

 

28. This cell is the product of erythropoiesis and is released into the blood as an immature red blood cell.

A. Hemocytoblast

 

B. Reticulocyte

 

C. Proerythroblast

 

D. Erythroblast

 

29. Proerythroblasts differentiate into

A. Red blood cells

 

B. White blood cells

 

C. Platelets

 

D. Both red and white blood cells

 

30. Which of the following is NOT required for normal red blood cell production by the bone marrow?

A. Iron

 

B. Folate

 

C. Vitamin B12

 

D. All of the above are needed for normal red blood cell production

 

31. In response to low oxygen levels in the blood, the kidneys will release this glycoprotein.

A. Leukopoietin

 

B. Erythropoietin

 

C. Thrombopoietin

 

D. Cytopoietin

 

32. Old, abnormal or damaged red blood cells are removed from the blood by macrophages of which of the following organs?

A. Stomach and intestines

 

B. Liver and spleen

 

C. Urinary bladder and kidney

 

D. Pancreas and liver

 

33. Old heme molecules are removed from the body in the form of

A. Urine

 

B. Sweat

 

C. Carbon dioxide

 

D. Bile pigments in the feces

 

34. This formed element has a nucleus.

A. Leukocyte

 

B. Plasma

 

C. Thrombocyte

 

D. Erythrocyte

 

35. Leukocytes lack

A. A nucleus

 

B. Organelles

 

C. Cytoplasm

 

D. Hemoglobin

 

36. Which of the following is NOT an example of a white blood cell?

A. Lymphocyte

 

B. Thrombocyte

 

C. Neutrophil

 

D. Monocyte

 

37. Which of these leukocytes is an agranulocyte?

A. Neutrophil

 

B. Eosinophil

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Basophil

 

38. This white blood cell phagocytizes microorganisms and becomes a macrophage in the tissue.

A. Neutrophil

 

B. Eosinophil

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Basophil

 

39. This leukocyte is an example of a granulocyte.

A. Basophil

 

B. Lymphocyte

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Thrombocyte

 

40. This white blood cell phagocytizes microorganisms.

A. Neutrophil

 

B. Lymphocyte

 

C. Basophil

 

D. Thrombocyte

 

41. This is the accumulation of dead neutrophils, cell debris and fluid.

A. Interstitial fluid

 

B. Synovial fluid

 

C. Pus

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

42. Which leukocyte has large granules that stain blue-purple?

A. Neutrophil

 

B. Eosinophil

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Basophil

 

43. This leukocyte releases histamine and heparin.

A. Neutrophil

 

B. Eosinophil

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Basophil

 

44. This leukocyte has granules that stain orange-red or bright red.

A. Neutrophil

 

B. Eosinophil

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Basophil

 

45. This white blood cell attacks worm parasites.

A. Neutrophil

 

B. Eosinophil

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Basophil

 

46. This leukocyte produces antibodies.

A. Lymphocyte

 

B. Eosinophil

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Basophil

 

47. The precursor cells of platelets are the

A. Erythroblasts

 

B. Lymphoblasts

 

C. Megakaryocytes

 

D. Myeloblasts

 

48. Which cell fragment is important in preventing blood loss?

A. Thrombocyte

 

B. Leukocyte

 

C. Erythrocyte

 

D. Neutrophil

 

49. Which of the following is involved in preventing blood loss?

A. Vascular spasm

 

B. Platelet plug

 

C. Blood clotting

 

D. All of the above are involved in preventing blood loss

 

50. Vascular spasm is a temporary change in the blood vessel which causes

A. Dilation

 

B. Rupture

 

C. Constriction

 

D. No changes are seen in the blood vessel

 

51. Vascular spasm can be caused by the release of ____________ from the platelets.

A. Renin

 

B. Growth factor

 

C. Thromboxane

 

D. Erythropoietin

 

52. Platelet plug is associated with

A. Platelet adhesion

 

B. Platelet release

 

C. Platelet fragmentation

 

D. Platelet migration

 

53. What will stop blood loss from small tears in the blood vessels?

A. Hematopoiesis

 

B. Platelet plugs

 

C. Jaundice

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

54. Aspirin inhibit the synthesis of

A. Vitamin K

 

B. Fibrinogen

 

C. Clotting factor VIII

 

D. Thromboxane

 

55. When a blood vessel has a large tear and is severely damaged, which one of the following mechanisms is activated?

A. Fibrinolysis

 

B. Agglutination

 

C. Blood clotting or coagulation

 

D. Hemolysis

 

56. What structure contains a network of fibrin fiber that trap blood cells, platelets and fluid?

A. Blood clot

 

B. Platelet plug

 

C. Fibrosis

 

D. Tumor

 

57. Blood clotting requires the presence of these proteins in the blood.

A. Antibodies

 

B. Hormones

 

C. Clotting factors

 

D. Prostaglandins

 

58. Damage to the tissue may activate this pathway of blood clotting.

A. Extrinsic pathway

 

B. Intrinsic pathway

 

C. Common pathway

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

59. Damage to a blood vessel may activate this pathway of blood clotting.

A. Extrinsic pathway

 

B. Intrinsic pathway

 

C. Common pathway

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

60. This pathway of blood clotting involves factor X, factor V, platelet phospholipids and Ca2+.

A. Extrinsic pathway

 

B. Intrinsic pathway

 

C. Common pathway

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

61. The formation of a blood clot is dependent on the synthesis of

A. Renin

 

B. Streptokinase

 

C. Growth factor

 

D. Fibrin

 

62. Blood clotting requires

A. Thrombin

 

B. Fibrinogen

 

C. Fibrin

 

D. All of the above are required for blood clotting

 

63. The human body produces a number of anticoagulants. Which one of the following is an anticoagulant?

A. Heparin

 

B. Plasminogen

 

C. Streptokinase

 

D. Antibodies

 

64. An attached blood clot that forms inside of a blood vessel due to damaged blood vessel or heart wall is called a/an

A. Plaque

 

B. Embolus

 

C. Thrombus

 

D. Embedded clot

 

65. A floating blood clot that breaks loose from inside a blood vessel is called a/an

A. Plaque

 

B. Embolus

 

C. Thrombus

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

66. Which of the following is NOT an anticoagulant used to treat blood clots?

A. Heparin

 

B. Coumadin

 

C. Warfarin

 

D. All of the following are anticoagulants

 

67. The contracting of a blood clot after it formation is called

A. Clot retraction

 

B. Fibrolysis

 

C. Serum

 

D. All of the above is correct

 

68. The squeezing out of plasma without the clotting factor during clot retraction results in the formation of a liquid called

A. Clot retraction

 

B. Fibrolysis

 

C. Serum

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

69. The dissolving of a blood clot after it forms is called

A. Clot retraction

 

B. Fibrolysis

 

C. Coagulation

 

D. Transfusion

 

70. Which enzyme dissolves a blood clot?

A. Prothrombinase

 

B. Plasmin

 

C. Thrombin

 

D. Prostaglandins

 

71. A treatment for blood loss is

A. Transfusion

 

B. Infusion

 

C. Anticoagulant

 

D. Both transfusions and infusions can be used to treat blood loss

 

72. A transfusion reaction is the result of

A. Antigen and antibody reactions

 

B. Agglutination

 

C. Hemolysis

 

D. All of the above cause a transfusion reaction

 

73. Which of the following is the antigen that is found on the surface of RBCs with blood type B?

A. A antigen

 

B. B antigen

 

C. Both A and B antigens

 

D. Neither A nor B antigens

 

74. Which of the following is the antibody that is found in the plasma of blood type AB?

A. Anti-A antibody

 

B. Anti-B antibody

 

C. Both anti-A and anti-B antibodies

 

D. Neither anti-A nor anti-B antibodies

 

75. Which of the following is the antibody that is found in the plasma of blood type A?

A. Anti-A antibody

 

B. Anti-B antibody

 

C. Both anti-A and anti-B antibodies

 

D. Neither anti-A nor anti-B antibodies

 

76. A person with blood type A can receive a transfusion with this type of blood.

A. A blood type

 

B. B blood type

 

C. O blood type

 

D. Either A or O blood types

 

77. A person with blood type O can receive a transfusion with this type of blood.

A. A blood type

 

B. B blood type

 

C. O blood type

 

D. AB blood type

 

78. A person who is AB negative is

A. Type AB and Rh-negative

 

B. Type A and Rh-positive

 

C. Type B and Rh-negative

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

79. When an Rh-negative mother has a second Rh-positive fetus, the fetus may develop this condition.

A. Transfusion reaction

 

B. Erythroblastosis fetalis

 

C. Myocardial infraction

 

D. Cerebrovascular accident

 

80. Hemolytic disease of the newborn can be prevented by giving an Rh-negative mother what type of antibody injection?

A. Rogaine

 

B. Testosterone

 

C. RhoGAM

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

81. To prevent transfusion reaction, the donor’s and recipient’s blood must be

A. Transfused into Rhesus monkeys

 

B. Transfused into the recipient’s mother

 

C. Crossmatched

 

D. All of the above are correct

 

82. A red blood cell count can be used to determine

A. Erythrocytosis

 

B. Anemia

 

C. Leukemia

 

D. Both erythrocytosis and anemia

 

83. This is a condition that is associated with decreased hemoglobin or RBCs or both.

A. Erythrocytosis

 

B. Anemia

 

C. Leukemia

 

D. Hemophilia

 

84. Anemia can be caused by a deficiency in one of the following substances?

A. Iron

 

B. Folate

 

C. Vitamin B12

 

D. All of the above are correct

 

85. This test is the measure of the percentage of the total blood volume that is RBCs.

A. Hemoglobin

 

B. Red blood cell count

 

C. Hematocrit

 

D. Anemia

 

86. Which of the following conditions is caused by a decrease in WBCs.

A. Leukopenia

 

B. Leukocytosis

 

C. Leukemia

 

D. Thalassemia

 

87. This is cancer of white blood cells.

A. Erythrocytosis

 

B. Anemia

 

C. Leukemia

 

D. Hemophilia

 

88. Which of the following bleeding conditions is caused by a decrease in platelets.

A. Leukopenia

 

B. Thrombocytopenia

 

C. Anemia

 

D. Hemophilia

 

89. Blood is a type of epithelial tissue.

True    False

 

90. Serum is plasma without clotting factors.

True    False

 

91. The formed elements are erythrocytes, leukocytes and thrombocytes.

True    False

 

92. Hematopoiesis is stimulated by platelet release of erythropoietin.

True    False

 

93. Monoblasts differentiate into monocytes.

True    False

 

94. During differentiation red blood cell lose their nucleus and most of their organelles.

True    False

 

95. When hemoglobin loses oxygen, blood appears dark red.

True    False

 

96. The production of red blood cells is called leukopoiesis.

True    False

 

97. The blood marrow requires 40 days to produce a single red blood cell.

True    False

 

98. The bone marrow will increase red blood cell production in response to high blood oxygen levels.

True    False

 

99. Increased destruction of red blood cells can lead to a yellowish staining of the skin called jaundice.

True    False

 

100. Eosinophils release histamine and heparin.

True    False

 

101. Lymphocytes are phagocytes.

True    False

 

102. Monocytes are a form of agranulocytes.

True    False

 

103. Blood clotting is caused by megakaryocytes.

True    False

 

104. Endothelin causes vascular spasms.

True    False

 

105. Blood clots are formed from fibrin.

True    False

 

106. When damaged tissue releases thromboplastin, this will activate the intrinsic pathway of blood clotting.

True    False

 

107. Both streptokinase and t-PA are used to treat heart attacks by dissolving blood clots.

True    False

 

108. Hemolysis is the rupture of red blood cells.

True    False

 

109. A person with blood type O has no anti-A or anti-B antibodies.

True    False

 

110. The largest percentage of people are of blood type AB.

True    False

 

111. A person with blood type AB can receive any blood type.

True    False

 

112. A person with AB blood type is called a universal donor.

True    False

 

113. A complete blood count (CBC) consists of a red and white blood cell counts, analysis of hemoglobin and hematocrit and a differential white blood cell count.

True    False

 

114. Hemophilia is a genetic disease that cause abnormal or the loss of blood clotting.

True    False

 

115. Prothrombin time is a measure of how long it takes for blood to start to clot.

True    False

 

116. In response to low oxygen levels in the blood, the kidneys will release this glycoprotein.

A. Leukopoietin

 

B. Erythropoietin

 

C. Thrombopoietin

 

D. Cytopoietin

 

 

 

Chapter 16 Test Bank Key

1. Which of the following is NOT a function of the blood which helps to maintain homeostasis?

A. Transport of hormones and enzymes

 

B. Regulate pH

 

C. Synthesis of Vitamin D

 

D. Clot formation

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.01.01 List the functions of blood.
Section: 16.01
Topic: Blood
 

 

2. Blood is composed of

A. Formed elements and plasma

 

B. Unformed elements and plasma

 

C. Formed and unformed elements

 

D. Plasma only

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.01.02 Define formed elements and plasma.
Section: 16.01
Topic: Blood
 

 

3. Formed elements make up _____________ of the blood.

A. 55%

 

B. 25%

 

C. 95%

 

D. 45%

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.01.02 Define formed elements and plasma.
Section: 16.01
Topic: Blood
 

 

4. The most abundant substance in blood is

A. Red blood cells

 

B. Water

 

C. Neutrophils

 

D. Albumin

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.01.02 Define formed elements and plasma.
Section: 16.01
Topic: Blood
 

 

5. What protein is found in the plasma?

A. Collagen

 

B. Albumin

 

C. Amylase

 

D. Mucus

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.02.03 List the components of plasma, and explain their functions.
Section: 16.02
Topic: Blood
 

 

6. Antibodies are a class of this type of blood protein.

A. Albumin

 

B. Fibrinogen

 

C. Globulin

 

D. All of the above are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.02.03 List the components of plasma, and explain their functions.
Section: 16.02
Topic: Blood
 

 

7. Which of the following is NOT an example of a formed element?

A. Plasma

 

B. Red blood cell

 

C. Platelet

 

D. White blood cell

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: 16.03.04 Name the three types of formed elements.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

8. Which of the following is the most numerous formed element?

A. White blood cell

 

B. Plasma

 

C. Platelet

 

D. Red blood cell

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.04 Name the three types of formed elements.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

9. Which formed element is involved with immunity?

A. Leukocyte

 

B. Plasma

 

C. Thrombocyte

 

D. Erythrocyte

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.04 Name the three types of formed elements.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

10. Which formed element transports oxygen and carbon dioxide?

A. Leukocyte

 

B. Plasma

 

C. Thrombocyte

 

D. Erythrocyte

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.04 Name the three types of formed elements.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

11. Which formed element is a cell fragment?

A. Leukocyte

 

B. Plasma

 

C. Thrombocyte

 

D. Erythrocyte

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.04 Name the three types of formed elements.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

12. The process of blood cell production is called

A. Homeostasis

 

B. Hemostasis

 

C. Erythrostasis

 

D. Hematopoiesis

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.05 Describe the origin and production of the formed elements.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

13. In adults blood cell formation occurs in the

A. Gray matter of the brain

 

B. Liver

 

C. Red bone marrow

 

D. Heart

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.05 Describe the origin and production of the formed elements.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

14. The stem cells of all formed elements is the

A. Erythroblast

 

B. Hemocytoblast

 

C. Megakaryoblast

 

D. Myeloblast

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.05 Describe the origin and production of the formed elements.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

15. The development of each blood cell line is regulated by

A. Insulin

 

B. Nitric oxide

 

C. Sulfuric acid

 

D. Growth factors

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.05 Describe the origin and production of the formed elements.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

16. Growth factors for regeneration of red bone marrow are used to counter the effects of

A. Chemotherapy in cancer treatment

 

B. Acid reflex in ulcer treatment

 

C. Loss of circulation in hypothermia

 

D. Cirrhosis of the liver in alcoholics

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.05 Describe the origin and production of the formed elements.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

17. A myeloblast differentiates into

A. Neutrophils

 

B. Eosinophils

 

C. Basophils

 

D. All of the above are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.05 Describe the origin and production of the formed elements.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

18. Red blood cells are

A. Spherical

 

B. Biconcave

 

C. Flatten

 

D. Cuboidal

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.06 Describe the structure and function of red blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

19. Red blood cells live for approximately

A. 10 minutes

 

B. 10 days

 

C. 120 days

 

D. 1 year

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.06 Describe the structure and function of red blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

20. One-third of the volume of the red blood cell is composed of what red pigmented protein?

A. Erythropoietin

 

B. Hemoglobin

 

C. Antibodies

 

D. Thromboplastin

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.06 Describe the structure and function of red blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

21. Hemoglobin is composed of

A. Four polypeptides

 

B. Four heme groups

 

C. DNA

 

D. Both four polypeptides and four heme groups

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.07 Explain how oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported by the blood.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

22. The heme group in red blood cells contain this metal.

A. Iron

 

B. Lead

 

C. Copper

 

D. Sodium

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.07 Explain how oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported by the blood.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

23. Hemoglobin combines with __________ and appears bright red in color.

A. Carbon dioxide

 

B. Oxygen

 

C. Water

 

D. Chloride

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.07 Explain how oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported by the blood.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

24. Red blood cells transport carbon dioxide bound to the

A. Heme group

 

B. Iron atom

 

C. Amino groups of the globin molecule

 

D. None of the answers are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.07 Explain how oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported by the blood.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

25. What percent of the oxygen is transported in the body by red blood cells?

A. 1.5%

 

B. 23%

 

C. 70%

 

D. 98.5%

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.07 Explain how oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported by the blood.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

26. What percent of the carbon dioxide is transported in the body by red blood cells?

A. 7%

 

B. 23%

 

C. 70%

 

D. 98.5%

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.07 Explain how oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported by the blood.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

27. In the red blood cells, carbon dioxide combines with water to form carbonic acid which dissociates into hydrogen and bicarbonate ions. What enzyme is responsible for this reaction?

A. Acetylcholinesterase

 

B. RNA polymerase

 

C. Carbonic anhydrase

 

D. All of the above are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.07 Explain how oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported by the blood.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

28. This cell is the product of erythropoiesis and is released into the blood as an immature red blood cell.

A. Hemocytoblast

 

B. Reticulocyte

 

C. Proerythroblast

 

D. Erythroblast

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.08 Define erythropoiesis, and discuss how it is regulated.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

29. Proerythroblasts differentiate into

A. Red blood cells

 

B. White blood cells

 

C. Platelets

 

D. Both red and white blood cells

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.08 Define erythropoiesis, and discuss how it is regulated.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

30. Which of the following is NOT required for normal red blood cell production by the bone marrow?

A. Iron

 

B. Folate

 

C. Vitamin B12

 

D. All of the above are needed for normal red blood cell production

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: 16.03.08 Define erythropoiesis, and discuss how it is regulated.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

31. In response to low oxygen levels in the blood, the kidneys will release this glycoprotein.

A. Leukopoietin

 

B. Erythropoietin

 

C. Thrombopoietin

 

D. Cytopoietin

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.08 Define erythropoiesis, and discuss how it is regulated.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

32. Old, abnormal or damaged red blood cells are removed from the blood by macrophages of which of the following organs?

A. Stomach and intestines

 

B. Liver and spleen

 

C. Urinary bladder and kidney

 

D. Pancreas and liver

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.09 Describe the removal of damaged or “worn-out” red blood cells from the circulation, and describe the production and fate of bilirubin.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

33. Old heme molecules are removed from the body in the form of

A. Urine

 

B. Sweat

 

C. Carbon dioxide

 

D. Bile pigments in the feces

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.09 Describe the removal of damaged or “worn-out” red blood cells from the circulation, and describe the production and fate of bilirubin.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

34. This formed element has a nucleus.

A. Leukocyte

 

B. Plasma

 

C. Thrombocyte

 

D. Erythrocyte

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

35. Leukocytes lack

A. A nucleus

 

B. Organelles

 

C. Cytoplasm

 

D. Hemoglobin

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

36. Which of the following is NOT an example of a white blood cell?

A. Lymphocyte

 

B. Thrombocyte

 

C. Neutrophil

 

D. Monocyte

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

37. Which of these leukocytes is an agranulocyte?

A. Neutrophil

 

B. Eosinophil

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Basophil

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

38. This white blood cell phagocytizes microorganisms and becomes a macrophage in the tissue.

A. Neutrophil

 

B. Eosinophil

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Basophil

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

39. This leukocyte is an example of a granulocyte.

A. Basophil

 

B. Lymphocyte

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Thrombocyte

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Topic: Blood
 

 

40. This white blood cell phagocytizes microorganisms.

A. Neutrophil

 

B. Lymphocyte

 

C. Basophil

 

D. Thrombocyte

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

41. This is the accumulation of dead neutrophils, cell debris and fluid.

A. Interstitial fluid

 

B. Synovial fluid

 

C. Pus

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

42. Which leukocyte has large granules that stain blue-purple?

A. Neutrophil

 

B. Eosinophil

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Basophil

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

43. This leukocyte releases histamine and heparin.

A. Neutrophil

 

B. Eosinophil

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Basophil

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

44. This leukocyte has granules that stain orange-red or bright red.

A. Neutrophil

 

B. Eosinophil

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Basophil

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

45. This white blood cell attacks worm parasites.

A. Neutrophil

 

B. Eosinophil

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Basophil

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

46. This leukocyte produces antibodies.

A. Lymphocyte

 

B. Eosinophil

 

C. Monocyte

 

D. Basophil

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

47. The precursor cells of platelets are the

A. Erythroblasts

 

B. Lymphoblasts

 

C. Megakaryocytes

 

D. Myeloblasts

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.11 Describe the structure, origin, and function of platelets.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

48. Which cell fragment is important in preventing blood loss?

A. Thrombocyte

 

B. Leukocyte

 

C. Erythrocyte

 

D. Neutrophil

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.11 Describe the structure, origin, and function of platelets.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

49. Which of the following is involved in preventing blood loss?

A. Vascular spasm

 

B. Platelet plug

 

C. Blood clotting

 

D. All of the above are involved in preventing blood loss

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.12 Explain the role of vascular spasm and platelet plug formation in stopping bleeding.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

50. Vascular spasm is a temporary change in the blood vessel which causes

A. Dilation

 

B. Rupture

 

C. Constriction

 

D. No changes are seen in the blood vessel

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.12 Explain the role of vascular spasm and platelet plug formation in stopping bleeding.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

51. Vascular spasm can be caused by the release of ____________ from the platelets.

A. Renin

 

B. Growth factor

 

C. Thromboxane

 

D. Erythropoietin

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.12 Explain the role of vascular spasm and platelet plug formation in stopping bleeding.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

52. Platelet plug is associated with

A. Platelet adhesion

 

B. Platelet release

 

C. Platelet fragmentation

 

D. Platelet migration

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.12 Explain the role of vascular spasm and platelet plug formation in stopping bleeding.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

53. What will stop blood loss from small tears in the blood vessels?

A. Hematopoiesis

 

B. Platelet plugs

 

C. Jaundice

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.12 Explain the role of vascular spasm and platelet plug formation in stopping bleeding.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

54. Aspirin inhibit the synthesis of

A. Vitamin K

 

B. Fibrinogen

 

C. Clotting factor VIII

 

D. Thromboxane

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.13 Define blood clot and clotting factors.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

55. When a blood vessel has a large tear and is severely damaged, which one of the following mechanisms is activated?

A. Fibrinolysis

 

B. Agglutination

 

C. Blood clotting or coagulation

 

D. Hemolysis

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.14 Describe the extrinsic, intrinsic, and common pathways of clot formation.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

56. What structure contains a network of fibrin fiber that trap blood cells, platelets and fluid?

A. Blood clot

 

B. Platelet plug

 

C. Fibrosis

 

D. Tumor

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.14 Describe the extrinsic, intrinsic, and common pathways of clot formation.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

57. Blood clotting requires the presence of these proteins in the blood.

A. Antibodies

 

B. Hormones

 

C. Clotting factors

 

D. Prostaglandins

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.14 Describe the extrinsic, intrinsic, and common pathways of clot formation.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

58. Damage to the tissue may activate this pathway of blood clotting.

A. Extrinsic pathway

 

B. Intrinsic pathway

 

C. Common pathway

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.14 Describe the extrinsic, intrinsic, and common pathways of clot formation.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

59. Damage to a blood vessel may activate this pathway of blood clotting.

A. Extrinsic pathway

 

B. Intrinsic pathway

 

C. Common pathway

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.14 Describe the extrinsic, intrinsic, and common pathways of clot formation.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

60. This pathway of blood clotting involves factor X, factor V, platelet phospholipids and Ca2+.

A. Extrinsic pathway

 

B. Intrinsic pathway

 

C. Common pathway

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.14 Describe the extrinsic, intrinsic, and common pathways of clot formation.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

61. The formation of a blood clot is dependent on the synthesis of

A. Renin

 

B. Streptokinase

 

C. Growth factor

 

D. Fibrin

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.15 Explain the importance of the balance between clotting factors and anticoagulants.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

62. Blood clotting requires

A. Thrombin

 

B. Fibrinogen

 

C. Fibrin

 

D. All of the above are required for blood clotting

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.15 Explain the importance of the balance between clotting factors and anticoagulants.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

63. The human body produces a number of anticoagulants. Which one of the following is an anticoagulant?

A. Heparin

 

B. Plasminogen

 

C. Streptokinase

 

D. Antibodies

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.15 Explain the importance of the balance between clotting factors and anticoagulants.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

64. An attached blood clot that forms inside of a blood vessel due to damaged blood vessel or heart wall is called a/an

A. Plaque

 

B. Embolus

 

C. Thrombus

 

D. Embedded clot

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.15 Explain the importance of the balance between clotting factors and anticoagulants.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

65. A floating blood clot that breaks loose from inside a blood vessel is called a/an

A. Plaque

 

B. Embolus

 

C. Thrombus

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.15 Explain the importance of the balance between clotting factors and anticoagulants.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

66. Which of the following is NOT an anticoagulant used to treat blood clots?

A. Heparin

 

B. Coumadin

 

C. Warfarin

 

D. All of the following are anticoagulants

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.15 Explain the importance of the balance between clotting factors and anticoagulants.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

67. The contracting of a blood clot after it formation is called

A. Clot retraction

 

B. Fibrolysis

 

C. Serum

 

D. All of the above is correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.16 Describe how a clot functions in wound healing and how the clot is removed.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

68. The squeezing out of plasma without the clotting factor during clot retraction results in the formation of a liquid called

A. Clot retraction

 

B. Fibrolysis

 

C. Serum

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.16 Describe how a clot functions in wound healing and how the clot is removed.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

69. The dissolving of a blood clot after it forms is called

A. Clot retraction

 

B. Fibrolysis

 

C. Coagulation

 

D. Transfusion

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.16 Describe how a clot functions in wound healing and how the clot is removed.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

70. Which enzyme dissolves a blood clot?

A. Prothrombinase

 

B. Plasmin

 

C. Thrombin

 

D. Prostaglandins

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.16 Describe how a clot functions in wound healing and how the clot is removed.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

71. A treatment for blood loss is

A. Transfusion

 

B. Infusion

 

C. Anticoagulant

 

D. Both transfusions and infusions can be used to treat blood loss

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.17 Define blood groups and explain how transfusion reactions occur.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

72. A transfusion reaction is the result of

A. Antigen and antibody reactions

 

B. Agglutination

 

C. Hemolysis

 

D. All of the above cause a transfusion reaction

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.17 Define blood groups and explain how transfusion reactions occur.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

73. Which of the following is the antigen that is found on the surface of RBCs with blood type B?

A. A antigen

 

B. B antigen

 

C. Both A and B antigens

 

D. Neither A nor B antigens

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.18 Describe the ABO and Rh blood groups.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

74. Which of the following is the antibody that is found in the plasma of blood type AB?

A. Anti-A antibody

 

B. Anti-B antibody

 

C. Both anti-A and anti-B antibodies

 

D. Neither anti-A nor anti-B antibodies

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.18 Describe the ABO and Rh blood groups.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

75. Which of the following is the antibody that is found in the plasma of blood type A?

A. Anti-A antibody

 

B. Anti-B antibody

 

C. Both anti-A and anti-B antibodies

 

D. Neither anti-A nor anti-B antibodies

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.18 Describe the ABO and Rh blood groups.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

76. A person with blood type A can receive a transfusion with this type of blood.

A. A blood type

 

B. B blood type

 

C. O blood type

 

D. Either A or O blood types

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.18 Describe the ABO and Rh blood groups.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

77. A person with blood type O can receive a transfusion with this type of blood.

A. A blood type

 

B. B blood type

 

C. O blood type

 

D. AB blood type

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.18 Describe the ABO and Rh blood groups.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

78. A person who is AB negative is

A. Type AB and Rh-negative

 

B. Type A and Rh-positive

 

C. Type B and Rh-negative

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.18 Describe the ABO and Rh blood groups.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

79. When an Rh-negative mother has a second Rh-positive fetus, the fetus may develop this condition.

A. Transfusion reaction

 

B. Erythroblastosis fetalis

 

C. Myocardial infraction

 

D. Cerebrovascular accident

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.18 Describe the ABO and Rh blood groups.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

80. Hemolytic disease of the newborn can be prevented by giving an Rh-negative mother what type of antibody injection?

A. Rogaine

 

B. Testosterone

 

C. RhoGAM

 

D. None of the above are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.19 Describe the development and treatment of hemolytic disease of the newborn.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

81. To prevent transfusion reaction, the donor’s and recipient’s blood must be

A. Transfused into Rhesus monkeys

 

B. Transfused into the recipient’s mother

 

C. Crossmatched

 

D. All of the above are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.19 Describe the development and treatment of hemolytic disease of the newborn.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

82. A red blood cell count can be used to determine

A. Erythrocytosis

 

B. Anemia

 

C. Leukemia

 

D. Both erythrocytosis and anemia

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.06.20 Describe diagnostic blood tests and the normal values for the tests, and give examples of disorders that produce abnormal test values.
Section: 16.06
Topic: Blood
 

 

83. This is a condition that is associated with decreased hemoglobin or RBCs or both.

A. Erythrocytosis

 

B. Anemia

 

C. Leukemia

 

D. Hemophilia

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.06.20 Describe diagnostic blood tests and the normal values for the tests, and give examples of disorders that produce abnormal test values.
Section: 16.06
Topic: Blood
 

 

84. Anemia can be caused by a deficiency in one of the following substances?

A. Iron

 

B. Folate

 

C. Vitamin B12

 

D. All of the above are correct

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.06.20 Describe diagnostic blood tests and the normal values for the tests, and give examples of disorders that produce abnormal test values.
Section: 16.06
Topic: Blood
 

 

85. This test is the measure of the percentage of the total blood volume that is RBCs.

A. Hemoglobin

 

B. Red blood cell count

 

C. Hematocrit

 

D. Anemia

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.06.20 Describe diagnostic blood tests and the normal values for the tests, and give examples of disorders that produce abnormal test values.
Section: 16.06
Topic: Blood
 

 

86. Which of the following conditions is caused by a decrease in WBCs.

A. Leukopenia

 

B. Leukocytosis

 

C. Leukemia

 

D. Thalassemia

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.06.20 Describe diagnostic blood tests and the normal values for the tests, and give examples of disorders that produce abnormal test values.
Section: 16.06
Topic: Blood
 

 

87. This is cancer of white blood cells.

A. Erythrocytosis

 

B. Anemia

 

C. Leukemia

 

D. Hemophilia

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.06.20 Describe diagnostic blood tests and the normal values for the tests, and give examples of disorders that produce abnormal test values.
Section: 16.06
Topic: Blood
 

 

88. Which of the following bleeding conditions is caused by a decrease in platelets.

A. Leukopenia

 

B. Thrombocytopenia

 

C. Anemia

 

D. Hemophilia

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.06.20 Describe diagnostic blood tests and the normal values for the tests, and give examples of disorders that produce abnormal test values.
Section: 16.06
Topic: Blood
 

 

89. Blood is a type of epithelial tissue.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.01.01 List the functions of blood.
Section: 16.01
Topic: Blood
 

 

90. Serum is plasma without clotting factors.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.01.01 List the functions of blood.
Section: 16.01
Topic: Blood
 

 

91. The formed elements are erythrocytes, leukocytes and thrombocytes.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.01.02 Define formed elements and plasma.
Section: 16.01
Topic: Blood
 

 

92. Hematopoiesis is stimulated by platelet release of erythropoietin.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.08 Define erythropoiesis, and discuss how it is regulated.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

93. Monoblasts differentiate into monocytes.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

94. During differentiation red blood cell lose their nucleus and most of their organelles.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.08 Define erythropoiesis, and discuss how it is regulated.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

95. When hemoglobin loses oxygen, blood appears dark red.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.07 Explain how oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported by the blood.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

96. The production of red blood cells is called leukopoiesis.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.08 Define erythropoiesis, and discuss how it is regulated.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

97. The blood marrow requires 40 days to produce a single red blood cell.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.08 Define erythropoiesis, and discuss how it is regulated.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

98. The bone marrow will increase red blood cell production in response to high blood oxygen levels.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.08 Define erythropoiesis, and discuss how it is regulated.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

99. Increased destruction of red blood cells can lead to a yellowish staining of the skin called jaundice.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.09 Describe the removal of damaged or “worn-out” red blood cells from the circulation, and describe the production and fate of bilirubin.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

100. Eosinophils release histamine and heparin.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

101. Lymphocytes are phagocytes.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

102. Monocytes are a form of agranulocytes.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

103. Blood clotting is caused by megakaryocytes.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.03.11 Describe the structure, origin, and function of platelets.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Blood
 

 

104. Endothelin causes vascular spasms.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.12 Explain the role of vascular spasm and platelet plug formation in stopping bleeding.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

105. Blood clots are formed from fibrin.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.13 Define blood clot and clotting factors.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

106. When damaged tissue releases thromboplastin, this will activate the intrinsic pathway of blood clotting.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.14 Describe the extrinsic, intrinsic, and common pathways of clot formation.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

107. Both streptokinase and t-PA are used to treat heart attacks by dissolving blood clots.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.04.15 Explain the importance of the balance between clotting factors and anticoagulants.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Blood
 

 

108. Hemolysis is the rupture of red blood cells.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.17 Define blood groups and explain how transfusion reactions occur.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

109. A person with blood type O has no anti-A or anti-B antibodies.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.18 Describe the ABO and Rh blood groups.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

110. The largest percentage of people are of blood type AB.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.18 Describe the ABO and Rh blood groups.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

111. A person with blood type AB can receive any blood type.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.18 Describe the ABO and Rh blood groups.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

112. A person with AB blood type is called a universal donor.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.05.18 Describe the ABO and Rh blood groups.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Blood
 

 

113. A complete blood count (CBC) consists of a red and white blood cell counts, analysis of hemoglobin and hematocrit and a differential white blood cell count.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.06.20 Describe diagnostic blood tests and the normal values for the tests, and give examples of disorders that produce abnormal test values.
Section: 16.06
Topic: Blood
 

 

114. Hemophilia is a genetic disease that cause abnormal or the loss of blood clotting.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.06.20 Describe diagnostic blood tests and the normal values for the tests, and give examples of disorders that produce abnormal test values.
Section: 16.06
Topic: Blood
 

 

115. Prothrombin time is a measure of how long it takes for blood to start to clot.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 16.06.20 Describe diagnostic blood tests and the normal values for the tests, and give examples of disorders that produce abnormal test values.
Section: 16.06
Topic: Blood
 

 

116. In response to low oxygen levels in the blood, the kidneys will release this glycoprotein.

A. Leukopoietin

 

B. Erythropoietin

 

C. Thrombopoietin

 

D. Cytopoietin

 

 

 

Chapter 16 Test Bank Summary

Category # of Questions
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember 112
Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate 3
Learning Outcome: 16.01.01 List the functions of blood. 3
Learning Outcome: 16.01.02 Define formed elements and plasma. 4
Learning Outcome: 16.02.03 List the components of plasma, and explain their functions. 2
Learning Outcome: 16.03.04 Name the three types of formed elements. 5
Learning Outcome: 16.03.05 Describe the origin and production of the formed elements. 6
Learning Outcome: 16.03.06 Describe the structure and function of red blood cells. 3
Learning Outcome: 16.03.07 Explain how oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported by the blood. 8
Learning Outcome: 16.03.08 Define erythropoiesis, and discuss how it is regulated. 9
Learning Outcome: 16.03.09 Describe the removal of damaged or “worn-out” red blood cells from the circulation, and describe the production and fate of bilirubin. 3
Learning Outcome: 16.03.10 Describe the structures and functions of the five types of white blood cells. 17
Learning Outcome: 16.03.11 Describe the structure, origin, and function of platelets. 3
Learning Outcome: 16.04.12 Explain the role of vascular spasm and platelet plug formation in stopping bleeding. 6
Learning Outcome: 16.04.13 Define blood clot and clotting factors. 2
Learning Outcome: 16.04.14 Describe the extrinsic, intrinsic, and common pathways of clot formation. 7
Learning Outcome: 16.04.15 Explain the importance of the balance between clotting factors and anticoagulants. 7
Learning Outcome: 16.04.16 Describe how a clot functions in wound healing and how the clot is removed. 4
Learning Outcome: 16.05.17 Define blood groups and explain how transfusion reactions occur. 3
Learning Outcome: 16.05.18 Describe the ABO and Rh blood groups. 11
Learning Outcome: 16.05.19 Describe the development and treatment of hemolytic disease of the newborn. 2
Learning Outcome: 16.06.20 Describe diagnostic blood tests and the normal values for the tests, and give examples of disorders that produce abnormal test values. 10
Section: 16.01 7
Section: 16.02 2
Section: 16.03 53
Section: 16.04 26
Section: 16.05 16
Section: 16.06 10
Topic: Blood 115