Visualizing Nutrition 1st Edition Grosvenor Smolin Test Bank
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Below you will find some free nursing test bank questions from this test bank:
Managing Your Weight
- Overweight and obese are defined as conditions when body mass index is ____ and ___ respectively.
- 15-20 and >30
- 20-30 and >30
- 25-30 and >30
- 30-35 and >35
Answer: c; page 188; Level of Difficulty: Easy
- According to latest measurements, approximately ____ are obese.
Answer: b; page 188; Level of Difficulty: Medium
- Which of the following are NOT associated with obesity?
- Increased blood pressure
- Increased risk of Type 2 diabetes
- Sleep and breathing disorders are more common
- Reduced risk of cancer
Answer: d; page 189; Level of Difficulty: Medium
- Experts generally agree for a typical person to reduce obesity, there must be
- a significant change in eating patterns
- a commitment to increase exercise levels
- changes in both diet and activity levels
- none of the above
Answer: c; page 190, Level of Difficulty: Medium
- Which of the following is not a method to determine body composition?
- skinfold thickness measurements
- underwater weighing
- bioelectric impedance
- precise scales used in physician’s offices
Answer: d; page 191; Level of Difficulty: Hard
- Of the choices listed below, the most correct description of ‘body mass index’ is
- a measure of your body fat percentage
- a measure of your body mass
- a ratio of your body weight to body height
- a measure of your lean tissue weight
Answer: c; page 192; Level of Difficulty: Medium
- A pro athlete is likely to have a higher body mass index because
- athletes are usually taller than the general population
- athletes will have greater amounts of body fat
- athletes will have greater amounts of muscle mass
- none of the above
Answer: c; page 193; Level of Difficulty: Hard
- Which of the following is thought to present the greatest health risk?
- excess subcutaneous body fat
- excess visceral fat
- intake of fat containing polyunsaturated fatty acids
- none of the above
Answer: b; page 193-194; Level of Difficulty: Medium
- Which is NOT true regarding genetics and obesity?
- Experts agree that the genes you inherit from your parents influences your body composition
- Experts believe that about 10 different genes may influence obesity
- A genetic defect in the leptin gene may make mice weigh twice that of a normal mouse
- a, b, and c are all true
Answer: b; page 194-197; Level of Difficulty: Hard
- Examples of internal signals that control hunger or satiety include all except
- signals from the adipose tissue
- signals from the gastrointestinal tract
- signals provided by nutrient levels circulating in the bloodstream
- a, b, and c are all valid examples
Answer: d; page 195-197; Level of Difficulty: Medium
- All are examples of signal molecules that directly control hunger or satiety except:
- peptide PYY
Answer: d; page 196-197; Level of Difficulty: Easy
- Which of the following statements regarding obese individuals is not true?
- they usually have a slower metabolism
- they are less efficient at burning off excess calories
- they tend to be less active than normal weight individuals
- all of the above are true
Answer: a; page 197-198; Level of Difficulty: Medium
- Which nutrient type normally cannot provide the body with energy?
- all of the above can provide energy
Answer: d; page 199, Level of Difficulty: Medium
- A food item can be legally labeled as “low calorie” is it contains no more than ____Calories per serving.
Answer: c; page 200; Level of Difficulty: Hard
- Basal metabolism accounts for ____ percent of your body’s total energy expenditure.
Answer: d; page 201; Level of Difficulty: Easy
- The second greatest component of your daily energy expenditure is
- basal metabolism
- energy expended in physical activity
- diet-induced thermogenesis
- estimated energy expenditure
Answer: b; page 201-202; Level of Difficulty: Medium
- When your energy intake exceeds your needs, your body responds by
- increasing stored energy and body fat
- increasing your body temperature slightly
- releasing stored glycogen from the liver
- releasing stored fat from adipose tissue
Answer: a; page 203; Level of Difficulty: Easy
- The current recommendations for energy intake in the United States is based on
Answer: c; page 204; Level of Difficulty: Hard
- Which factor would NOT influence your personal estimated energy requirement?
- body weight
Answer: c; page 205-206; Level of Difficulty: Medium
- Direct, rather than estimated energy requirements can be measured using all except:
- direct calorimetry
- indirect calorimetry
- doubly-labeled water method
- a, b, and c are all appropriate methods
Answer: d; page 164; Level of Difficulty: Hard
- Experts generally agree that the reason there is more obesity today than 30 years ago is that
- people generally eat more
- our lifestyles are different, promoting obesity
- consumption of fast food meals are more common
- all of the above
Answer: d; page 208; Level of Difficulty: Easy
- If you are considering weight loss, a dietician might provide you with the following advice:
- you should first assess your BMI and the health risks your body weight presents
- even a small reduction in body weight could prove to be beneficial
- weight loss is not recommended in all situations, for example while pregnant
- all of the above would be valid recommendations
Answer: d; page 209-211, Level of Difficulty: Medium
- Which factor would be the most important factor to accomplish weight loss?
- decrease energy intake
- increase physical activity
- change behaviors that resulted in obesity in the first place
- a, b, and c are all important and it would be difficult to place one as more important than the others
Answer: d; page 211-213; Level of Difficulty: Hard
- An underweight individual who has difficulty gaining weight might be encouraged to do all except:
- have a physical exam
- reduce intake of energy-dense foods
- replace water intake with fruit juices or milk
- choose snacks like nuts or peanut butter
Answer: c; page 166; Level of Difficulty: Easy
- Sound clinical advice for individuals wanting to lose weight include all except:
- observe serving sizes and don’t supersize fast food meals
- reduce consumption of high-calorie foods such as pastry or candy
- learn to live with hunger
- if you want to eat extra calories, exercise more often
Answer: c; page 214; Level of Difficulty: Medium
- Which is most likely to be correct regarding specific diet programs that will be successful?
- To be successful, they must produce rapid weight loss to provide motivation
- The approach must be able to be followed for a lifetime
- They should not use too much variety in the food choices, keeping things simple
- They should not use nutrient-dense foods
Answer: b; page 214-216; Level of Difficulty: Hard
- Which weight loss program is considered to produce rapid weight loss and unsafe if undertaken without medical supervision?
- Jenny Craig
- Weight Watchers
- South Beach
Answer: c; page 216; Level of Difficulty: Hard
- Pre-packaged or commercially-available diet products all provide the following benefits except:
- they control serving size
- they control caloric content
- they control vitamin and mineral content
- they are convenient, especially while traveling or eating out
Answer: d; page 216-217; Level of Difficulty: Easy
- Low-fat diets are not necessarily low in calories. An example of a low-fat food high in energy density would be:
- fat-free, sugar-free cookies
- fat-free cookies
- none of these foods could be high in energy density
Answer: c; page 217-218; Level of Difficulty: Medium
- Which are true regarding low-carbohydrate diets?
- very low carbohydrate diets can cause ketosis and weight loss
- it is better to refrain from eating unrefined rather than refined carbohydrates
- replacing carbohydrate-containing foods with other food choices may not reduce caloric intake
- a, b, and c are all correct
Answer: a; page 218; Level of Difficulty: Medium
- Problems with weight-loss drugs or supplements include all of the following except
- weight loss observed during use usually reverses when drug use stops
- supplements are not regulated as drugs are, and could prove to be unsafe
- there are no acceptable prescription drugs available at present promoting weight loss
- all of the above are true
Answer: c; page 220; Level of Difficulty: Hard
- For which individual would a weight loss surgical procedure be considered?
- BMI above 35
- BMI above 40
- An individual with severe type 2 diabetes
- An individual with very high cholesterol levels
Answer: b; page 221; Level of Difficulty: Easy
- Which is not considered a traditional eating disorder?
- Binge-eating disorder
Answer: d; page 221-226; Level of Difficulty: Easy
- Which is not a characteristic associated with anorexia?
- lower than average body weight
- self-restricted food intake
- normal menstrual periods
- low self-esteem
Answer: c; page 221-224; Level of Difficulty: Medium
- Which is not a characteristic associated with bulimia?
- usually normal body weight
- regular purging
- menstrual period abnormalities
- low self-esteem
Answer: c; page 221-227; Level of Difficulty: Easy
- What percentage of female adolescents are estimated to have anorexia nervosa
Answer: b; page 222; Level of Difficulty: Hard
- What is the average age of onset of anorexia nervosa?
Answer: c; page 222; Level of Difficulty: Easy
- What physical problems are associated with purging?
- tooth decay
- esophageal inflammation
- high blood pressure
Answer: d; page 224-225; Level of Difficulty: Easy
- Experts suggest that the cause or causes of eating disorders may be best described as
- mainly genetic
- mainly psychological or societal
- there are genetic and societal contributions
- an infectious agent may cause some cases of anorexia and bulimia
Answer: c; page 226-228; Level of Difficulty: Hard
- Which might be helpful to recognize and/or treat an eating disorder?
- accept the fact that every person has a unique body shape and size
- recognize your own positive qualities
- recognize that magazine models are unusual, not the norm with respect to their shape and body weight
- all of the above.
Answer: d; page 226-229; Level of Difficulty: Easy